Vineland, N. J.t Jan. 19, 1867. mr. Editor : Having been engaged in fruit-growing for twenty-fire years, and daring that time planted on an average over one thousand trees annually, and furthermore, haying at this time my little farm of fifteen acres (which is all the land that I haye any interest in) entirely planted with fruit, I can not but feel some interest in your indorsement of a sweeping condemnation of southern New Jersey as a suitable place to raise apples and pears -the pear more especially being "upon my brain."

I selected this portion of our country four years ago with special reference to my favorite hobby. I had given up trying to raise pears in Illinois, and if I had supposed there existed a better place than this to raise them, I should have gone there instead of coming here. My brief experience here serves to confirm my belief, that south Jersey is the very " paradise of the pear." The thirty years that you propose to test the matter is rather long for an experiment. Before that time I hope to be cultivating the trees that bear fruit twelve times a year (an excellent treatise upon which may be found in almost every house); I can not say certainly that they will continue so long, . but that they grow handsomely, come early into bearing, and produce fruit of superior size and quality, does not admit of a doubt. They are also entirely exempt from Might, which I believe is not the case in any heavy clay soil. My orchard has been planted three years. Last year my Bartlett Standards bore all the fruit I dare let them. My Duchesse dwarfs did pretty well. I sent samples of the fruit to the fair of the American Institute in New York last fall, and your judges awarded them the premium over all others.

My soil is a sandy loam (there is clay enough, and extensive brick-yards, pottery, etc., in the neighborhood); I could have located on heavier land if I had wished to do so. The subsoil, twenty to thirty inches below, is a hard pan, through which water passes readily.

When brought to the surface, trees will do as well in it or better than in the top soil. It is said to contain iron, and makes excellent roads.

When I came here I was told by Jerseymen that apples were not profitable, but pears did very well, as it cost nothing to grow them, and they would sell for half the price of potatoes, and in fact the peddlers brought them to my door and offered them for twenty cents per basket, nice little fellows, the size of pullets' eggs, looking not unlike Seckels, very smooth and healthy, with a delicate rutabaga flavor, melting (if placed in a crucible), and quality best (for the outside row of an orchard subject to trespassers). There are many apple and pear trees that look one hundred years old, standing in fields that have been cropped with rye and pasture until the life was skinned out of them and then abandoned, and yet the trees look healthy and bear a good deal of fruit, such as it is. The apples are wormy, but the pears uniformly smooth. I took the mere existence of such trees, under such unfavorable circumstances, as proof that good fruit could be profitably raised here, and I have not been disappointed. I have planted liberally of the apple on Doucin stocks, forming the heads ten inches from the ground, and cultivating thoroughly without cropping the ground.

These trees are not dwarfs, but are encouraged to grow as large as they want to, and they avail themselves of their liberty most energetically, and they are already models of beauty and fruitfulness; some of the Bed Astrachans bore the handsomest fruit I ever saw.

Now, Mr. Editor, you, being an editor, of course know better than anybody else, but I will make you this proposition: Come and look at Vineland next fall, and if we don't feed you with better pears than you can get anywhere else, you being the judge, and show you both pears and apples doing; better than any you can find out of south Jersey, I will pay the expense of the trip.


North Hempstead, L. I., January 17, 1867.

Messrs. Editors : As our friend Reuben requests a more explicit account of the Hicks' Apple and Dorsoris Pear, I will comply. I well know from the losses we have sustained that there are far too many inferior varieties of fruit before the public, and we should be careful not to increase the difficulty. The Hicks' Apple I have observed, and part of the time had in bearing twenty years. It is a very fine grower fine early bearer, but is so productive as to materially check its growth. It is of large size, red stripes, or shaded with red or russet on a light green ground. Flesh white, spicy, sweet, and tender; form, oblong. Its value with us is its earliness, ripening a little earlier than the Summer Bough; its excellent quality, many preferring it to the Summer Bough as a dessert fruit, and its great productiveness. It sells very well as a market variety. Its faults are, it will not keep long, and it bears too many. Even then the tree gives more good apples than the Bough, as we have two trees, each, grafted with both kinds, as a trial. "We have no means as yet of knowing if it is adapted to another soil and climate than Long Island.

The Dorsoris is a new pear, and promises to be a superior market fruit. It ripens with the Osband's Summer; is, when ripe, of a beautiful yellow with a red cheek, and thus far has kept a longer time after gathering than most early summer pears. Its form resembles the French Jargonelle, and is sweet, juicy, and agreeable, but, like the Osband's Summer, is deficient in a high, rich flavor. Tree, a fine grower, hardy and productive. Its owner discovered in a remote field that a number of crows were very busily engaged at something, and on going to gratify his curiosity, found they were eating pears from this hitherto unnoticed pear-tree. Since that time he, preferring to gather the fruit himself, removed it near his house.

I must make an exception to the remarks in the January number of the Horticulturist, "that from three to fire kinds each of our well-established favorites of the various sorts of fruit will secure this end; that is, fresh fruit for the table every day of the year." We wish it were so, but our experience is different. Because some of us amateurs go to the extreme of hundreds of varieties, is no reason why any should go to the other extreme, of having too few sorts. Every housekeeper wants a succession of sweet and sour apples through the seasons and no five nor ten varieties will furnish the supply. But few if any varieties with us will last longer than three weeks in the autumn, and some are far more profitable and desirable for the culinary department than for the dessert. The cook will tell you to bring her large fine specimens in preference to the Early Joe, Summer Rose, or the Summer Pearmain. So will the remarks apply to pears, as early summer and autumn sorts of pears will scarce keep as long as apples in good eating condition.

When we planted our apple and pear orchard, we found it very difficult to ascertain, either from experience or observation, what kinds were best adapted to our soil and climate, for those amateur fruit-growers and rich gentlemen-farmers had not experimented and proved the new kinds near us, and we apprehend there are many that are similarly circumstanced. Reliable fruitgrowers are far from plenty, and as the varieties of fruit are continually increasing in number, it is perhaps as difficult to procure the 'best, as every one wishes to, as ever it was. Isaac Hicks.

We would recommend as among the desirable second-class trees, the Halesia, or Silver Bell. It blooms when quite small, and when covered with its white bell-shaped flowers is very ornamental, and its seed-vessels give it an attractive appearance in autumn. I. H.

One pound of potash to six gallons of water is a good wash to apply to trees on whose bodies or limbs are insects, moss, etc.