This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The Amelia is a seedling variety originating with Mr.
George Husmann, of Hermann, Mo., well known as a skillful viticulturist and an enthusiastic promoter of horticulture. The original tree in his grounds was this past
Seedling Grapes from Charles Arnold, C. W. 363 season in full bearing, healthy, and exhibiting appearance of a robust habit, much like the Columbia, from which it is presumed it sprang.
Fig. 189. - Rasche Apple.
The fruit is large, one quarter larger than Columbia, round, with a well-defined suture, one side deepest toward the apex, which has a rounded point. Color, clear rich yellow, marbled with dull red. Flesh, thick, yellow, rich, juicy, sweet, and separating freely from the stone. Season, about one week to ten days later than Columbia. Leaf with indistinct globose, almost reni-form, glands. Pit rather large, angular pointed, and deeply corrugated.
In the Horticulturist for December, 1867, Mr. F. R. Elliott describes a peach - exhibited by Mr. George Husmann, of Hermann, Mo., to the Committee on Seedling Fruits, appointed by the American Pomo-logfical Society, at their late meeting in St. Louis - which is called the Amelia peach, the original tree of which is now growing in Mr. Husmann's grounds.
Mr. Elliott regards this peach as of such value that he took a drawing of the fruit, and gives a full description of it.
As his report will be published in the transactions of the American Pomological Society, I wish to call his attention to the fact that the name Amelia has already been appropriated for a peach of very superior quality; and it would therefore be better to change the name of Mr. Husmann's seedling, in order to avoid the confusion that will exist when the fertile regions south of "Mason and Dixon's line" are satisfactorily reconstructed, and pomologists from that section are induced to cooperate with the American Pomological Society in their future meetings.
-The original Amelia peach is described by Messrs. Peters, Harden & Co., of Down-, irig - Hill Nursery, Atlanta, Ga.; by Mr. Jarvis Van Buren, of Gloaming Nursery, Clarksville, Ga.; and by Mr. P. J. Berck-rnans, of Fruitland Nursery, Augusta, Ga., in their several catalogues issued in 1858 to 1861. Mr. Berckmans describes it as, "A Southern seedling of the highest excel lence; large, very juicy, and high flavored." Messrs. Peters, Harden & Co. say it is, "Size, large; yellow, with dull red cheek; freestone; flesh, yellow, juicy, and high flavored. The season for this peach is placed in July, after the Tillotson and Early York have passed, and just as Crawford's Early begins to ripen.
Mr. Downer, of Forest Nursery, near Fairview, Todd County, Ky., in his catalogue for 1867, also describes the Amelia peach as, "Very large; skin, dull greenish white, red cheek; flesh, white, melting, juicy, rich, and excellent; the best of its season; free." Mr. Downer, in a list of select peaches arranged in the order of their ripening, places the Amelia as next succeeding Hale's Early, Early Tillotson, and Early Newington. It is therefore evident that he has the true Southern variety, notwithstanding the discrepancy between his description as a white-fleshed and the description of it as yellow-fleshed in the Georgia catalogues.
No one person has tested more fully and more thoroughly Southern fruits in Kentucky than Mr. Downer, and for correctness and accuracy no one is more reliable. Years ago he found out that in this latitude many of the Northern fruits ripened prematurely, and that it was necessary, in order to have a perfect succession during the year, to select from the seedlings of the South such as were best adapted to the soil and climate of Kentucky. In this way he obtained the Amelia peach, and has extensively propagated and disseminated it as a Southern seedling. If this season permits the fruit to mature, Mr. Berckmans and Mr. Downer both should send specimens of the Amelia peach to Mr. Elliott, and assert the priority of the claim of the Southern seedling to the name, and at the same time establish the fact as to whether it is a yellow or a white fleshed variety. Meanwhile I trust, sufficient evidence has been produced to show that Mr. Husmann had better select some other name for his seedling before it is disseminated, and while the change can be made without much trouble or difficulty.
T. S. K.
T. S. K. is informed that I was fully aware of there being a Southern peach described under name of Amelia before I described Mr. Husmann's seedling; and furthermore,the is informed that the naming of the peach was no act of mine. I merely described the variety under the name its owner chose to apply to it. The Southern seedling I have never seen, and know nothing of it except from catalogue descriptions, which unfortunately are so much at variance that I have sometimes doubted whether our Southern friends themselves knew just what they were growing under the name of Amelia. I shall be most happy to receive specimens of the variety the coming season from my Southern brother pomologists, and am now taking measures to inaugurate an interchange of fruits among all the members of the Pomological Societies' Committees during the coming season. F. R. Elliott.
A Natural Bubal Arbor may be grown in a few years by planting trees at equal distances apart, either in a circle or hexagon form, and as they grow, interlock the branches; and when high enough, bring together the tops at the center to form the roof. Bending outward, or cutting away occasional inside branches, will of course have to be done from time to time; but it is of comparatively little trouble, and four to five years will often construct a summer-house more enduring than one man's life. The Osage Orange, the Scotch Elm, or American Birch are some of the good trees for this purpose; the latter perhaps being a little too open or scanty in foliage, but exceedingly pretty in the results as we have seen.