This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Haying had 6ome experience in grafting the vine, I am desirous of informing your readers of my mode of procedure. I have visited several vineries in this State, and having had conversation with the proprietors, I have learned from them how very important it would be to grape-growers to be able to change one variety for another by an easy and sure way of grafting.
My practice is as follows: - I try to have the eyes of my stock and scion swell at the same time. This I do by putting my scions in wet sand, and leaving them in the vinery. As soon as the eyes move, I take a sharp knife and cut my scions wedge-shaped, leaving only one eye. I next take my knife, holding the point down, making an incision in the stock as at 2, 2, fig. 1; the scion is cut as at fig. 3. I then fit my scion into the stock, as at fig. 4, being careful to have the bark of both in close contact I next tie with strong bass mats, and cover all over with grafting wax, as at fig. 5, to prevent air and moisture getting to the incision.
This mode of grafting has the advantage of having the stock bearing fruit while the scion is making bearing wood. I have worked two vines this season, in the forcing-house of Mr. Joseph Breck & Son, and they are beginning to grow.
I am willing to give any information that may be required concerning the above description. Bonnard Denis. - Brighton, Mass.