This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The uncertainty and inconvenience of the customary mode of cleft-grafting the grapevine are known to all who have practiced it, and the only course of practice that has been discovered tending to increase certainty is that which consists in cutting the stock close over the ground, and covering the work with earth.
M. Auguste Boisselot, arboriculteur of Nantes, has sought a remedy for these inconveniences, and after many years of experiment has attained complete success.
Here is the method. He cleaves the stock between two bifurcations. It is no matter at what height of the stock this is done. Into the cleft he introduces the graft, cut as for ordinary cleft-grafting. It is then bound up with a strong ligature and grafting wax. He next binds the two branches of the bifurcation at two or three eyes above the cleft; and in the spring, as the sap rises, he pinches back the young shoots, causing thereby a flow of sap into the graft. He does not cut off the two stumps of the stock until the autumn following the insertion, by which time the graft is well developed.
The experiences of M. Boisselot have sufficiently demonstrated that this mode of grafting is nearly infallible. It offers the utmost advantages to the cultivator, especially as a graft can be inserted wherever there is a bifurcation, hence affording the power to place a number of grafts on the same stock. The sudden suppression by means of the knife of the whole of the vine above ground is always prejudicial to the root action, and the "Greffe Boisselot" is free from this objection. Another important advantage attending it is, that if the graft does not prosper, nothing is lost, for the branches of the bifurcation will produce their fruit the same, and the stock will not suffer more than from the check to which it is subjected by the ordinary process of cutting down.
The horticultural journals of France have given publicity to this invention, and rendered justice to its inventor. The Imperial and Central Society Of Horticulture of France has been occupied at several of its meetings in the consideration of the subject, and M. Ducharte, the secretary-general, testified, at one of its recent meetings, that he had practiced this new mode of grafting with success.
The "Greffe Boisselot" may be practiced at every season of the year, but its inventor recommends - and with reason - that the autumn should be preferred, the best time of all being when the leaves of the vine begin to turn yellow.
"We consider this invention as of immense service rendered to the culture of the vine. A diagram explanatory of the process is subjoined. It represents a graft made on the 6th of October, 1864, and which commenced to grow in June, 1865.
Rue St. Maurice, Monplaisir, Lyons.
It is a good plan in every garden to have a reserve bed, in which may be placed the "odds and ends," or the surplus of spring propagation of bedding plants. This bed may be planted without any regard to order, its purpose being merely to furnish a source of supply to replenish any plants that may have failed in the regular flower garden. This bed may be in the kitchen garden, or in any other favorable location, as it is not designed to be an object of beauty in itself.
Fig. 95. - The Same, showing Mansard Hoof to Tower.
A Suburban Residence. 173
Fig. 96. - First Floor.
Fig. 98. - Third Floor.
Fig. 97. - Second Floor.
Fig. 99. - First Floor, showing Kitchen connected.
I had read this before in the magazine from which you copied the article, and rejoiced that you gave it to the readers of the Horticulturist, as everything pertaining to grape growing is of great interest at this time to a very large portion of the horticultural world.