The repeated failures that have attended the introduction of many new evergreen trees and shrubs is a matter of much discouragement to those who are anxious to give variety to their ornamental grounds. Such trees as the Cryptomeria Japonica and Deodar Cedar are too tender for this latitude, and, indeed, all to the north of the Potomac It is true that isolated instances may be found where they stand with slight injury, but that no dependence can be placed in them as permanent trees is shown by the fact that, after growing for several years and attaining a height of ten or twelve feet, they have ultimately succumbed. Evergreen shrubs have suffered the same fate; the Aucuba Japonica, English hollies, Rhododendrons, etc., have not, as a general feature, made any mark in our pleasure grounds. Still there is no lack of material, and if, as we have frequently recommended, we would plant more liberally of those that are well known to be perfectly hardy, we might, in connection with thick planting, be enabled to succeed with those choice evergreen shrubs that are only found to luxuriate in the shelter of larger growths.

The idea of allowing each tree and plant sufficient space for full development is one of the principal errors with inexperienced planters; their lawn is dotted over, and all immediate and ultimate effect destroyed. It may be questioned whether there is not more real beauty in the combination of forms than in individual perfection in trees.

A fine old oak is an object of admiration when standing apart from its fellows, but the varied outline, diversity of foliage, and numerous curves produced by a group, is none the less pleasing. This is a subject that, however tempting, we cannot here more than merely mention. Ornamental plantations should be treated as entirely distinct from the lawn proper. Let a portion of ground be set apart for this purpose, and thoroughly trenched and enriched, then plant very thickly with such well known rapid growing trees as Norway and Hemlock spruce, White Austrian and Scotch pines, Arbor-vitaes, Red cedar, etc. When these afford a sufficient shelter the margins may then be filled with all the smaller shrubs a t omitting that valuable shrub the Mahonia aquifolia. A few deciduous undergrowths Dry also be added. The lawn will then admit of being thoroughly and satisfactorily maintained as a close green turfy surface, with here and there an individual tree showing full development. Variety, combined with utility, will then be produced; but the planter must be imbued with the elements of beauty, and his taste cultivated before attempting to produce these pleasing future effects.