Planting deciduous trees should be proceeded with by the middle of the month, or as soon as possible after the fall of the leaves. Evergreens should be left until April. It is too late for them to make sufficient roots to supply their large evaporating surfaces, unless they are removed with plenty of roots.

The arranging of ornamental trees should be well studied before commencing to plant. A few studies for reflection may be enumerated.

1. Plant evergreens with a view of forming a distinct winter scenery when deciduous trees are leafless; principally effected by keeping them somewhat distinct, and arranging the Various shades of green which such trees present.

2. With reference to the development of individual or combined beauty. The former, by placing single specimens in prominent situations; and the latter, twofold; by variety of foliage alone, and, secondly, by variety of outline, or general habit of growth.

3. The gradual blending of evergreen and deciduous trees into a whole, so as to avoid violent contrasts, by using trees having both properties combined, as the European and American larches, and deciduous cypress.

4. Giving depth to limited views by marginal undulations, and increasing the effect by placing heavy dark-colored foliage in the recesses, as the horsechestnut, Norway and sycamore maples; and light colored or small foliaged trees in front, as the birches, eleagnus, etc.

6. An arrangement with reference to spring and early summer flowering trees, as the scarlet maple, wild cherry, Judas-tree, catalpa, paulownia, halesia, laburnum, locust, horse-chestnuts, chionanthus, oratsgus, koelreuteria, magnolias, etc.

6. Contrasting the various shades and tints of foliage before the fall of the leaves in autumn. Scarlet and sugar-maples, sweet and sour gums, tulip-tree, sassafras, bitter-nut, and other hickories, scarlet oak, and dogwood, are some of the most prominent in this respect.

7. Imitation of natural scenery by planting at irregular distances, especially the effect of two or more planted three or four feet apart; the effect of two or three stems apparently from one root is also worthy of notice.

Lastly, and of much importance, filling up the outskirts with thick shrubbery, the better to define the plantations, and form a decided distinction between them and open spaces of lawn.

These are only a few of the many features that tree planters ought to have in view, a knowledge of which is indispensably essential to the development of landscape gardening.