This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We learn, with much pleasure, that an extensive and beautiful improvement is about to be carried out in up a part of the suburbs of that city so as to combine the greatest amount of comfort, health and beauty, possible. A suitable piece of land has been selected; in the center of this, a park of 60 acres is to be laid out and planted in the best manner, and around this are to be located the various cottages and villas of the shareholders in this enterprise - not with a few paltry feet of frontage, but with space enough to give each residence those accessories of trees, shrubs and grounds, that bestow an air of rural beauty upon such a residence, and make the owner feel that he has a home, even if it is in the midst of a city. The project is one that pleases us much, and we shall look forward to its faithful execution as something likely to have an influence on the taste of the country. We, Americans, lay out and build our cities generally, as though there was a fearful scarcity of space for the future destinies of the race on this western continent.- Habits of the Wild Grape.- I wish to avail myself of the subscriber's privilege, and make one or two inquiries in relation to grape vines.
Six or seven years ago I took half a dozen cuttings from the vine of a native white grape, in another garden, and planted them in my own garden; three out of four of them that lived, when they were three years old, produced an abundance of flowers, but did not set a single grape, and although they would blossom every year, they never bore any grapes; the other one began to blossom when the others did, and has always borne a good crop of grapes. Now I wish to inquire if cuttings taken from one individual vine, as I think mine were, will produce vines, some of which will be sterile or barren, and others fertile and producive; if so, then, how can I select cuttings from a vine that will be sure to be productive?
I have thought that a cutting taken from the base of a cane of vine of this year's growth, might, in some cases, produce a productive vine, while another cutting taken from the top of the same cutting, might produce a sterile vine, yet I can hardly think so it would seem to beat the strawberrv in that case. What do you think of it? "Clan-Book of Botany" by A. Wood, says, "V. labrucsa, like most of the North 'American species, flowers are dioecious." Prof. Gray, in "Botany of Northern United States," says, "Flowers - polygamous in all the American species." Wm. Bar-tram, in a paper in the "Domestic Encyclopedia," by A. F. M. Wilmch, says, "All that I have observed in the northern and eastern United States are polygamous," yet seems to think that Walter might have been right in classing the "bull-grape" of Carolina as dioecious. If the grapevine is polygamous, and I have no doubt it is, then perhaps it might sport as I have specified above, but if it is dioecious, then that is the end of the subject, if I understand the terms aright, and I must have taken the cuttings from two separate vines.
Abiel Chandler. Concord, N. H., Dec. 1,1850.
Remarks - The Scuppernong grape of Carolina is ducious - but all the other native sorts so far as we know are polygamous. It cannot be deuied, however, that our native grapes occasionally take an infertile or barren habit - none of the blossoms setting fruit, perhaps from an imperfection in stamens or pistils. If you propagate from a fruitful plant however, you rarely or ever fail in getting fruitful results from the cuttings or grafts. Ed.
Camellias - Last fall I purchased the following Camellias, viz: Wilderii, Eclipse, Chandlerii, Mrs. Abbey Wilder, Double White, Double Striped, Hempsteadii, Duchess de Orleans. They were well set with flower-buds, and looked thrifty. I had one fine flower, a Double White, but soon faded; the remaining buds grew to about half an inch long and then dropped off. There was one on Wilderii that partly opened, and then dropped off. Wilderii made a growth at the same time of about three inches. The remaining six went in the same way. I kept them free from dust; kept them moist; also kept the atmosphere as moist as I could, by placing a flat pan on the top of my stove, and kept water in it all the time. (I burn wood.) I had a table made with a sink to it, and kept water in that also, over which I set my plants. The thermometer has stood from 60° to 70°, and never fallen below 45°. I have used rain water on them. What must be done to secure good blossoms another season? Please answer the above next month, in your valuable Journal, and it will confer a great favor on an old subscriber.
M. E. Irwin. Southbridge, Jan. 7, 1851
The Camellia likes plenty of fresh air, and plenty of fresh air is a thing not often seen in a room that is heated by a stove to 60° or 70°. The buds probably fell from the effects of the vitiated air. If you must use a stove, and wish healthy plants, you must enclose a space with glass, making a sort of double window, large enough to hold your plants. It should have a window opening into the room, and which can be shut at times to keep out its excessive heat. The crevices in the outside window, will let in air, and thus your little plant cabinet can be regulated in temperature, etc., so as to promote growth and bloom much more readily than when the plants arc in the room itself. Ed.