This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This free-growing stove shrub was sent from New Grenada as an Aralia, from which genus, however, it appears widely to differ. It is a soft-wooded plant with alternate leaves, which, in young plants of 1½ foot high, are about a foot long, and nearly as much in breadth, of a soft herbaceous texture, peltately attached, and of a pale green color, the under surface being clothed with cobwebby hairs. These leaves are ovate in outline, three-lobed,with ovate-acuminate lobes, and there is a peculiar white patch at the lower side of the base of the terete petioles. The stems are marked by a ring at each node, showing the presence at an earlier stage of a convolute stipule, as seen in Artocarpads.- William Bull London.
A good edging plant for a sandy soil in a garden is the Lithospermum, Prostratum, Grownwell or Stone weed.
Small plants; under the snow all winter; perfectly green.
Many good specimens of this exquisite Evergreen stood about this city for the past five years, but the cold of last winter levelled all to the snow-line save one, and that was the largest and strongest plant of all; the foliage and some of the branches were injured, but it pushed out nicely all over the plant. Now, how comes it that this plant survived, when all others were destroyed 1 It was not situation, for it stands in one of the coldest points about the city. It was its age and strength which enabled it to weather so many degrees of frost, for it received no protection like the Cryptomeria. When the plant attains age, has firm, well-matured wood, and short-jointed, well-ripened shoots, it will endure many degrees more cold.
In Nebraska, they have what is called "Arbor Day." The State Board of Agriculture gives a premium of $100 to the County Agricultural Society Of the county in which the greatest number of trees are planted on the 10th day of April, and $25 to the individual planting the greatest number of trees on that day.
Gov. Furnas, in a letter to an exchange, says: A smart little boy, aged eight years, named Calvin Sigel Hall, Schuyler, Colfax county, Nebraska, went alone two miles from home, to the Platte river, dug up nine hundred and eighty young cottonwood trees, took them home and planted them all in one day, and by himself! Our board has awarded him a special premium of $25.
A letter from Schuyler on the subject, of date July 13, says, "the trees are all growing nicely."
It would be unfair to deny a word of commendation for that excellent dwarf, the American Arbor Vitae. With care in selecting specimens, and on the after treatment, it often makes a handsome tree. For screens and hedges it serves an excellent purpose, and grows rapidly. Beautiful specimens of this evergreen may be seen growing in great luxuriance on the margin of the Hudson River, between Fishkill and Poughkeepsie; also between the cities of Hudson and Albany.
It forms a pyramidal or conical shaped tree, densely branched, the leaves more delicate than its foreign cousins, and holding their bright color throughout the winter. The last is of great importance, in an ornamental view. Of its hardihood there can be no question, as it grows in the most bleak and exposed situations; it bears transplanting equal to the foreign varieties, and may be cultivated, with equal ease.