This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
In looking over the list of articles in the Horticulturist, exhibited at the meeting of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society in July last, I find it stated that a flower of Gardenia Fortunii was exhibited by me; it was not a flower of G. For-tunii, but of G. Landrethii, a variety I have known for sixteen or eighteen years, and when first put under my care, was said to be a seedling of Mr. Landreth's; now if not identical with it, it is certainly equal to G. Fortunii; I have frequently seen flowers on it equal to an ordinary sited double white camelia. Yours, William Ginton, Gardener to Br. Jas, Rush, Philadelphia.
Mr. J. Hoopes, of West Chester, Fa., writes us regarding the Garrigues grape, that he observes in the Valley Farmer that it is described as superior to the Isabella, on his authority. He has no hesitation, he says, in declaring thai " the Garrigues is nearly equal in flavor to the Isabella and Catawba, and of the same size; but it* greatest superiority over them consists in its extreme hardiness and perfect exemption from mildew." He considers it worthy of general cultivation, particularly in the more northern sections of our country. The berries have a tendency to drop after becoming ripe. He thinks Downing's new work correct on this grape, although the originator always asserted it sprung from the seed of a raisin.
Much like Isabella.
Heretofore the use of gas has been mainly confined to cities and the country residences of the wealthy. We have now an apparatus which will furnish a good light at a less cost than common oil. The light is pure and brilliant, and free from offensive smell. The apparatus is safe, simple, cheap, and the only cleanly one we have ever seen. We have studied it with much interest, and commend it especially to our friends in the country. M. P. Coons is the patentee; but it may be had of Butler, Hosford, & Co., 30 Broadway.
Being curious in such matters, we recently examined, in operation, Coon's Portable Gas Generator, which we found to be the neatest and best thing of the kind we have yet seen. The gas being generated partly from animal matter, it occurred to us that the refuse might be of some value as a fertilizer; and this, on trial, proved to be so, though to what extent we can not yet say. Those who use this gas generator would do well to experiment with .the refuse, instead of throwing it away.
This should never be used in the inside of plant-houses. Its fumes are destructive to vegetation. Even when used out of doors, it is sometimes mischievous if very near plants, until, with time, its volatile matter becomes exhausted.
When once the vintage has commenced, time is invaluable; but this period varies in seasons, same as here, from early in September to the middle of October. Those who fear rain-falls and cloudy weather commence gathering early, even before the fruit is ripe, while the more bold and venturesome leave the grapes to hang as long as possible. During the gathering, the vineyards are crowded with men, women, and boys - some plucking the choice bunches of sound grapes, some the rotten or imperfect ones, and placing them in baskets which are carried up and down the steep hills to the press by a class of Spaniards called Gallegos, who labor there only during the vintage, returning to their homes immediately afterward.
Fig. 41. - Grape Gathering in the Douro.