This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
From the Neilgherry Hills; introduced by Messrs. Veitch, of Exeter and Chelsea, in whose stove it has recently flowered for the first time. It grows about a foot high, bearing pretty rose-colored blossoms, and fine foliage; the former consist of three petals, and measure about an inch and a quarter across. The stamens, three in number, are very prominent, bright yellow, situated on deep red filaments, as is also the style; the laves are worn four to five inches in length, ovate, marked with ribs or longitudinal nerves, the upper side bright green, and reddish-purple beneath, where the nerves are prominent; the leaf-stalks generally are brown or dull purple. No doubt, this will prove a desirable acquisition to the stove. (Ibid., 4978).
This is one of the most beautiful of all the variegated leaved plants. It is a dwarf growing plant, with lanceolate leaves of a beautiful dark green, thickly covered with pure white spots; the flowers, which are produced in great abundance, are of a bright rose color, upon crimson colored stems which rise about four inches from the foliage. Introduced from the' East Indies.
The large quantities of soot which accumulate in and around the chimneys of country houses, can be turned to excellent account in our gardens.
Twelve quarts of soot in a hogshead of water, will make a powerful liquid manure, which will improve the growth of flowers, vegetables or root crops. In either a liquid or solid state, it makes an excellent top-dressing for grass or other cereal crops.
Soot is as valuable as guano for fertilising plants, containing a very large amount of ammonia. Dissolve twelve quarts of soot in a hogshead of water, or in same proportion for less quantities, and it will be found an excellent liquid manure. Apply it to the soil near the plants, and not to the leaves. It would be worth trying upon pot plants for in-door culture, not oftener than two times a week.
For neatness of habit, near fulfillment of the law of properties, and regular balance of colors in disk, zone, and margin, one of the finest of all.
The Potato Disease is represented as having made considerable inroads on the prospects of the Irish and English crop, and what is very singular, something extremely like it has attacked the scarlet Geraniums.
Under this name we have received from J as. G. Soulard, Esq., of Galena, 111., specimens of Pears, supposed to be a seedling fruit, and if so, originated some fifty years ago in his father's garden, now in the city of St. Louis. Mr. S. describes the tree as erect and a fair grower, with stout, rigid shoots. It bears in a reasonable time, and becomes very prolific. The fruit is round, like an Apple, with a short, stout stalk, about medinm size, or rather below; of a greenish color; melting and juicy. Mr. Soulard says: "In quality, in my opinion, it yields the palm to none; for though leas sugary than the Seckel, it is preferred by many for its greater sprightliness, and higher, finer aroma." We cannot speak of the quality, as the specimens were damaged on the journey; bat we think it a fine Pear, and we shall test it here as soon as possible.