This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This I always procure from the city of New York, to which it is, I suppose, in. all cases brought from further south. I sometimes send directly there for it, and at other times procure it here from grocers who have recently procured it for retail here. Potatoes raised here are always too imperfectly mature to be preserved; they perish with a dry rot even when stored in small quantities, in dry sand, and in a cool and airy place.
Size, large, sometimes weighing twenty or thirty pounds. Form, oblong, occasionally roundish. Skin, peculiarly marked with finely reticulated gray islands, separated by pale green straits, and having irregular, dark green, longitudinal stripes, extending from the base to the apex. Rind, thin, about half an inch. Seed, pure cream white, with a faint russet stripe around the edge. Flesh, deep red to the centre. Flavor, sugary and delicious. Quality, "best." Productiveness', said to be unusually great.
We are indebted to the Hon. William Elliott, of Colleton District, S. C, for fine examples of some Carolina productions. The sweet potato is very superior to that of the North - sugary, and of a better taste. It should constitute an article of large export. The Palmetto cabbages were extremely good, differing slightly from the cabbage 6t the Royal Palm, in Cuba, and with what Mr. Elliott calls a "wholesome bitter, like that of matrimony!" The pomegranates were large, and remarkably fine. Considering in what perfect order all these things reached us, the wonder is that our cities connected by steam receive so few of them. We suppose cotton is more profitable.
In the American Farmer is a list of a baker's dozen of new Southern seedling apples, by J. Van Buren, of Clarke co., Georgia. Judging from the descriptions, some of them are very remarkable. One of them sometimes measures twenty-one inches in circumference. It is called "Cullawhee, and resembles a huge pomegranate. Another, the "Horn," is "hard as a billiard ball and keeps eternally." Another bears the euphonious name of "Cottugajah, or Raw Bread".
The amount of peaches grown and shipped from southern Illinois to points north, east, and west can with difficulty be estimated. From the address of the President of the Centralia (III.) Fruit-Growers' Association we gather that Marion County alone shipped last year over three hundred thousand boxes of peaches. Other points, it is estimated, more than doubled this amount.
There has been a delay in publishing the Ad-interim Report of the Georgia Pomological Society, which we copy below, and shortly we shall insert the report of the annual meeting of the Society, kindly forwarded by the able secretary Mr. W. N. White. It gives us pleasure to see that Mr. Berck-mans has been elected to the office of its President. No other man could fill the chair so well.