Cherries #5

As the present season has given a good cherry crop in most parts of the country, and as most persons are under a mistake concerning this superb fruit, I propose to give my experience in its cultivation at this place.

I cultivate the cherry both on the Mazzard and Mahaleb stock, in about equal numbers, with pretty good success. But, as a general rule, my losses have been five times greater on the Mahaleb stock than on the Mazzard. All the varieties I have tried on the Mazzard stock do well, except the Black Tartarian, which has so far proven an entire failure on the Mazzard. It appears, however, to do pretty well on the Mahaleb stock. Among sixty-five varieties which I grow on my grounds, this is the only exception.

My soil is common upland clay, with a calcareous subsoil. Position mostly northeast, though some are on a southern aspect. I have been but little troubled with the bark bursting, only in the case of the Black Tartarian. The only malady that has infected my trees appears to be a kind of blight; the bark on certain limbs, and sometimes on the whole tree, turns a dark brown, killing the whole limb or tree outright, as the case may be. The disease is confined almost entirely to those on the Mahaleb stock.

I now propose to give you my experience on the best varieties; and should I differ from my horticultural friends elsewhere to some extent, I have only to say, my descriptions are only for this place.

American Heart

American Heart, 1st size, 2d quality. Very productive.

Downton

Downton, 1st size, 5th quality; destitute of flavor; rather bitter. Entirely unworthy of cultivation.

Late Bigarreau

Late Bigarreau, 1st size, 2d quality.

Burr's Seedling

Burr's Seedling, 1st size, 1st quality.

Manning's Mottled

Manning's Mottled, 1st size, 2d quality. Very productive.

Elkkorn

Elkkorn, 1st size, 4th quality; bitter; destitute of flavor. Unworthy of cultivation.

Napoleon Bigarreau

Napoleon Bigarreau, 1st size, nearly first quality. Very beautiful and valuable for market.

Mezel Bigarreau

Mezel Bigarreau, 1st size, 1st quality. Tree slow grower.

Black Eagle

Black Eagle, 1st size, 1st quality. Rather shy bearer.

Great Bigarreau

Great Bigarreau, 1st size, 1st quality. Very fine.

Rockport Bigarreau

Rockport Bigarreau, 1st size, 1st quality. Very productive. Ripens next after Purple Guigne. One of the most valuable.

Red Jacket

Red Jacket, 2d size, 2d quality. Rather late.

Powhattan

Powhattan, 1st size, 1st quality.

Pontiac

Pontiac, 1st size, 1st quality. Valuable.

Osceola

Osceola, 1st size.

Delicate

Delicate, 2d size, 1st quality. Very beautiful.

Gov. Wood

Gov. Wood, 1st size, 1st quality. Splendid.

Black Hawk

Black Hawk, 2d size, 1st quality.

Kirsland's Mary

Kirsland's Mary, 1st size, 1st quality. Very fine. Ripens just after the Rock-port Bigarreau.

Kirtland's Mammoth

Kirtland's Mammoth, 1st size, 1st quality. Rather shy bearer.

Ohio Beauty

Ohio Beauty 1st size, 1st quality. Very beautiful.

May Duke

May Duke, 1st size, 2d quality. Ripens very irregular; hardly second early. Worthy only of amateurs' grounds.

Belle D'Orleans

Belle D'Orleans, 2d size, 1st quality. Early.

Ellon

Ellon, 1st size, 1st quality. Very splendid. Worthy of all that has ever been said of it.

Bigarreau Or Yellow Spanish

Bigarreau Or Yellow Spanish, 1st size, 1st quality. Very fine and rich.

Reine Hortense

Reine Hortense, 1st size, 2d quality. Not as late as generally reported. Very tender.

Black Tartarian

Black Tartarian, 1st size, 2d quality. Very splendid; one of the best.

Early Purple Guigne

Early Purple Guigne, 1st size, 1st quality. The earliest of all cherries I have tested. Ripened the present season, May 28.

Knight's Early Black

Knight's Early Black, 1st size, 1st quality. Second early. Very tender.

Gamdale

Gamdale, 2d size, 2d quality.

Toupie De Herard

Toupie De Herard, 1st size, nearly first quality. May yet prove so.

Florence

Florence, 1st size, 1st quality; late. Very beautiful, and valuable.

Bigarreau Gabalis

Bigarreau Gabalis, 1st size, 1st quality. Resembles the Black Tartarian, but larger, of the most exquisite flavor. The best of all cherries I have ever tested.

Coe's Transparent

Coe's Transparent, 1st size, 1st quality. Very fine.

Brant

Brant, 1st size, 1st quality. Fine.

Doctay

Doctay, 2d size, 1st quality. Lato.

Belle De Choisy

Belle De Choisy, 1st size, 1st quality. The best of all Dukes.

Waterloo

Waterloo, 1st size, 1st quality. Very fine.

Black Bigarreau Of Savoy

Black Bigarreau Of Savoy, 1st size, 1st quality. Quite late and valuable.

Large Heart-Shaped Bigarreau

Large Heart-Shaped Bigarreau, 1st size, 1st quality. Splendid.

Hovey

Hovey, 1st size, 1st quality. Fine.

Cumberland Spice

Cumberland Spice, 1st size, 1st quality. Nearly the same size and appearance of the Black Tartarian; richer and higher flavored.

Belle Magnifique

Belle Magnifique, 1st size, 2d quality. Rather late; one of the best Dukes.