(See Frontispiece.)

Dear Sib - As your journal is in part devoted to the progress of rural architecture, I venture to send you the engravings of a beautiful cottage erected in this place by Mr. D. Barnes - which is not only tastefully designed, but one of the best built residences in the state.

The house stands on the west side of High-street, which is lined on both sides with a variety of beautiful shade trees in double rows and is emphetically the street of the city.

Preparations are making by a gentleman of ability and taste, for erecting a splendid mansion the ensuing season, on a bountiful lot a few rods to the north. Directly in front of the cottage on the opposite side of the street, between the fine residences, lies a little forest of evergreens, ornamental trees, etc.; while on the south, are the beautiful grounds, crowded with the richest variety of trees, shrubbery and flowers, which surround the fine residence of the late Richard Alsop, Esq.

The cottage stands back 100 feet from the street, on a lot having a front of 210 feet, the lines of which extend so far back of the house as to contain two acres, which is well stocked with trees of the choicest varieties from the various nurseries of the country, mostly selected and planted by the proprietor himself. They Were planted 2 and 3 years since, in the richest soil, and with extra care; and their unexampled growth has well repaid all the labor and attention bestowed on them.

Seen from the street, the proportions of the cottage are very pleasing. The length of the building (exclusive of veranda) is 43j feet, breadth 39 1/4 feet. The basement is divided by brick walls into a vegetable cellar under the south part, a large front cellar, which makes a cool dining room in the summer months, with an apartment in the rear of it for a furnace, coal, Ac. The north part is divided into a bathing room and cistern on the east; a kitchen, provided with a lar is paved with choice large flagging of the best quality, and laid in water-proof cement, so as to be dry in all seasons. The walls are laid five feet below ground, two and a half feet above. The courses are of single stones, those at the bottom weighing half a ton or more, each. The upper course, two and a half feet above ground, is of single stones, each weighing nearly a ton, hewn and polished in the best manner. Their size may be inferred from the fact, that five only are required to extend from corner to corner across one end of the building, a distance of 31 feet 8 inches. On this course is the water table, which, like the courses below, is laid in cement and lime-mortar, thus effectually preventing any dampness from arising from the walls under it.

Above the water table, the stones of the main walla are each one foot wide and thick, by various lengths from two to twelve feet, according to the place they occupy, each stone having been cut and marked for its place. Twelve courses of one foot each, complete the first story, on which is laid a belting course which passes entirely around the building. Above this belt the walls are not so thick, being set back one inch from a line perpendicular with the walls below. The entire walls are laid with the closest possible joints, in a fine grout of lime-mortar and cement, with an outer edge of stone putty, which has hardened like the stone itself, and is perfectly impervious to the weather. All the stones which form the corners are cut in the shape of the letter L, thus looking them together with great strength. Wherever beauty or strength seemed to require it, single blocks of a large size have been used. The arches of the pointed windows are cut from single blocks. The whole of the projection in the second story, over the front entrance, is composed of four pieces, the Bill, the sides and the arched top.

From this window, as indeed from all the front windows, the view of the city, of the windings of the river, of Portland, and the Strait hills in the distance, is unsurpassed.

Principal Floor

Principal Floor

Freestone Cottage At Middletown Conn 60026

The timber, joists, Ac., are of first quality chestnut; the joists large, and thickly placed. The floors are of well seasoned lumber, closely laid; the principal one is of one and a quarter ineh narrow cypress plank. Thereof is covered with first quality shingles, dipped in boiling oil and whiting. They were selected and cut in a semi-circular form, so as to lay like the scales of a fish. All the first floor rooms are wainscoted three and a half feet high. The doors are of black walnut, two inches thick, with mahogany panels. All the wood-work of the first story corresponds with the outward style of the building, the paneling of the doors, wainscoting, casements, etc., being finished with the trefoil or quatre-foil mouldings. No unseasoned or second quality of lumber has been used in the building, and the builder, Mr. E. Rockwell of Middletown, has shown himself a most accomplished joiner.

The design for the ornamental tracery at the gables is original. It is a vine running upward to the peak, with carved leaves and clusters. All the hangings for the doors and windows, and other trimmings, are of the best quality.

The labor has not been done by the job, but by thorough craftsmen who understood their business, and were paid the wages such men are entitled to; and there has been, probably, less waste of material than is common in the erection of buildings of half its value.

This cottage is not yet entirely completed, but will probably be finished in a couple of months. The proprietor, Mr. Barnes, I understand, will then offer it for sale to any per