This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Andrew S. Fuller commends the following List in the Rural New Yorker:
In this list I shall name the most hardy as well as beautiful.
Double rose-colored almond; an old and well-known plant.
Double white flowering almond. .
Both natives of the Northern States, and scarcely surpassed by any exotic species.
The well-known sweet-scented shrub. Flowers dark chocolate color.
Flowers double white, tinged with rose color; superb.
A very small shrub, with long spikes of pure white flowers; a splendid plant for forcing in winters.
Flowers yellow, produced very early in the spring, before the leaves.
Flowers large, deep scarlet; produced early in spring.
Flowers pure white, in large clusters, appearing about the time the leaves are fully developed.
The well-known snowball; a shrub deserving a place in the most select list.
Flowers pure white, blooming in late spring.
A good selection of hardy shrubs should consist of not less than fifty species and varieties, and then the best of the old favorites, as well as a few of the new kinds, can be included.
Mr. Fuller also advises the following:
A half-climbing shrub, bearing a profusion of scarlet, orange, and pink flowers. There are also many other species and varieties, varying in size and color of flowers as well as habit of the plant, all desirable.
Flowers pure white.
Flowers double, deep crimson.
There are several varieties in cultivation which are indispensable. B. leiantha is a dazzling scarlet; B.floribunda, orange scarlet; B. Hogarth, rich scarlet, large racemes of flowers; B. Davidsonii, pure white; B. Vreelandii, similar to the last, but distinct.
Flowers very large, edge of petals delicately fringed.
Old double white, but one of the best. These two are considered the most valuable for out flowers; but the colored sorts are equally as beautiful, and one can scarcely go amiss in making a selection, as our florists propagate only the best, there being hundreds of varieties to select from. They all succeed best in rather a low temperature and partial shade.
Small, slender, evergreen shrubs, extensively used for bedding out in summer, but far more valuable for its flowers in winter. Flowers small, scarlet, tipped with white; often called "Cigar plant."
Flowers large, scarlet; leaves dark rich green and very large; an excellent early winter-blooming species.
This single variety is the best for greenhouse culture. Flowers white; very showy.
This is a variety of the well-known Crape Myrtle of the Southern States,- where it usually blooms in autumn; but when cultivated in pots in the Northern States, it is one of our finest early winter-flowering shrubs. Flowers pure white and produced in great abundance.
New dwarf pomegranate. Flowers beautiful orange-scarlet; very handsome.
This not always the writer's fortune to hap-JL pen on a successful house garden either in city or in country, but I have just now seen a fine specimen and a model of what window gardens should be. Curiosity deepened into keen interest, as I viewed the well kept plants before me. The more I examined the contents of the garden, the more my interest was heightened, and imagine myself at the moment traveling through some botanical garden where science of the highest pretensions had aided nature. Passiflora on the one side, and Cissus discolor on the other, had formed a perfect mass of vines and foliage, the whole breadth and length of the windows. Both vines embraced each other at the top, thus forming a beautiful arch. The latter-named plant, you will agree, requires the highest greenhouse temperature in winter, and confess that I was a little surprised to find it presenting such a vigorous and healthy appearance in this crowded house garden. But the secret of its success was thoroughly understood by the young maiden who was the family florist. Bouvardia and Begonia, although unsuitable under other circumstances for house culture, flourished in this garden, and were now gay and healthy in foliage and blossom. The maiden florist introduced sciences of her own into the art of floriculture.
She knew her plants minutely, and her successes out doors in summer and in doors in winter, brought forth series criticisms from her less fortunate neighbors. Carnations, Stevias, Ageratums and Eupatoriums were in bloom, and showed indications of continuing their smiles for a long time, as one bud after another formed, swelled and expanded into full bloom. The writer had now reason to congratulate the fair daughter of Columbia on the health and beauty of her plants, and wished at the moment that some powerful revolution had transformed himself into a plant to be placed in her gentle keeping. Thanks, replied the maiden; thanks to our horticultural writers, their teaching has taught the least inexperienced of us country girls to make our homes cheerful during the winter. I use due caution in selecting none but those that I presume are adapted for window gardening. This Poinsetta pulcherima and Eu-patorium were only received by me a few days ago, and see how they have braved a midwinter journey; they have not lost a leaf, nor weakened a bud.