This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The Society met again February 11th, the President in the chair.
On the table were Ferneries and cut flowers from Mr. Bridgeman, seedling Carnations from Dailledouze and Zeller, a Wardian case, basket of flowers, and Cinerarias from Mrs. Humphries. metallic flower pots, forest leaves, and works on rural subjects from Mr. Miller, and a basket of flowers from Mr. Messenberg.
The following questions were aaked: 1. " When is the best time to remove wild plants from the woods, spring, summer, or autumn?"
Mr. Bridgeman replied, in spring or autumn; with care, in summer; spring is best, as they have the whole summer to get established. If moved in the fall, the roots are likely to be thrown out by frost.
2. "Can the Pomegranate be grown here as the Fig is, by being covered during the winter?"
Mr. Bridgeman thought it could not.
Mr. Bridgeman said fruit trees might be pruned this month; it was not well to leave them till the buds started.
Mr. Bridgeman preferred to leave it till later.
Mr. Quin preferred to do it in April to kill the aphis.
ft. "Can the Asimina or North American Papaw be obtained from any of the gardeners?"
Mr. Bridgeman was not aware of its being grown.
6. " Is the Soap Plant (which I believe is a native of California) to be obtained here? and if so, please indicate directions for its cultivation".
Mr. Bridgeman remarked, that this question exposed some of the difficulties in the use of common names. He did not know what was meant by Soap Plant.
Mr. Fuller said the Soap Plant is grown here; the California kind, called saponaria, is hardy with Mr. Prince.
[The plant referred to in the question is undoubtedly the Phalangium pomaridianum, used for washing in California. It can be obtained here. - Ed].
7. " Can the double violet be grown in the open ground? "
Mr. Bridgeman said it would not stand our winters; they should be grown in cold frames. They bloom in England.
8. "Is the Scotch Heather to be found growing wild in this country, and can it be obtained of any of the gardeners?"
An article was read from the Horticulturist, stating that it had been found growing wild in Massachusetts. Mr. Fuller did not doubt its being found, but did not think this proved that it was indigenous.
9. (By a lady.) " Can the garden Ranunculus be successfully grown in this country? state the mode of culture. Please to name the most successful grower".
Mr. Bridgeman said the Ranunculus was uncertain here; had had them bloom splendidly sometimes; at others, they were killed in the winter. They may be grown in any garden soil; they improve every year. Few will take the trouble to keep them over on account of the uncertainty of doing well.
Mr. Degrauw had set them out several years, but failed; others had succeeded.
Mr. Fuller thought it must be in the soil. In Wisconsin he had no trouble in making them bloom.
Mr. Bridgeman said, the soil in which they are grown in Holland is a fibrous, sandy loam, black as ink.
Mr. Bridgeman said they could. A Coffee tree was now in fruit in the green-house of R. L. Stuart Cinnamon and Camphor could be grown; he had seen a Coffee tree in fruit within a few days.
More questions were sent in by a lady. 11. "Is any thing known here of a new Zinnia called Zinnia aurea, which is said to be a native of Mexico?"
Mr. Bridgeman said they had it in England at the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society. He had not seen it.
12. "Where can I obtain the new Roses which I saw noticed in the Eagle a few months since? viz.: Empereur de Maroc, Victor Verdier, Due de Magenta, and Comtesse de Chabrilliant"
Mr. Zeller said the varieties were quite new, and thought they could not be obtained in quantity. He had them in course of propagation.
13. " Are there any variegated hardy evergreens?"
Mr, Bridgeman said there were a few) and many more that required protection; the variegated Holly is hardy.
14. "Which is the best variety of Rose to be grown as a weeper, and which as a pyramid?"
There was no answer to this question.
15. "The Cephalotus follicnlaris is described as growing in European gardens: can it be obtained here, and will it grow out of doors without protection?"
No one answered.
16. "Will you please explain the cause of my Brugmansia buds falling off? The plant is young, about three feet high, leaves fresh and healthy looking; 18 to 20 buds will appear, grow one or two inches, and fall off".
Mr. Bridgeman said, in regard to Brugmansia, it depends on the treatment they receive. We plant in the open ground. There are many causes, such as the change from open atmosphere to louse, etc.
17. "Also, what would cause Camellia buds to show dark brown spots, which spread over the buds, and they fall off?"
Mr. Bridgeman said that Camellias will set more buds than they can mature; it is better to thin out. If taken from the open air in autumn, into strong heat, or without ventilation, they will drop their buds. It is a common thing to have the buds drop off; it is almost impossible to prevent it where a furnace or gas is used. If water is evaporated, it will to some extent counteract the effects of a furnace. Mr. Bridgeman then made some remarks in regard to the subjects exhibited, and explained the manner of treating the ferneries exhibited by himself.
The subject of the evening, Waltonian Cases, was then called up, and inquiries made for Mr. Mead, who had suggested the subject [We will simply say here that we were not present because of the death of a dear and beloved mother. - Ed].
A desultory conversation ensued. Mr. Fuller thought a case for 1,000 cuttings, that would root them in from four to six weeks, could be made for $5, and furnished with bottom heat at 75 cents. He would try to have one shown here.
Mr. Cavanach thought they attained great perfection in the Wardian case in Belgium; considered them better adapted to Lycopodiums and Caladiums; did not think that common house plants would do, as they grow too fast.
Mr. Bridgeman did not see any objection to growing any plants in the Wardian cases, unless it were extremes; one plant may require much moisture and another less. Unless the case be large, there may not be material enough to perfect a large plant The plants should be of the same class, or require the same conditions, to do well together under a case. It is not necessary to make them air tight.
The subject of "Spring Pruning" was selected for the next meeting, and the Society adjourned.