Cyanide Of Potassium

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Similar to Prussic Acid. Treatment:-Treatment the same as for Prussic Acid.

Rue And Oil Of Rue

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Great dryness of the mouth and throat, with a sensation of heat and pain of the stomach and bowels, headache and delirium.

Treatment

First give emetics; then vinegar and water, or lemon juice and water; afterwards gruel, thin starch or linseed.

Savine And Oil Of Savine

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Great excitement, with a very acute pain in the stomach and bowels, nausea, vomiting and convulsions. Sometimes causes abortion and death in pregnant women.

Treatment

Assist the vomiting by drinking freely of warm water. Afterwards take gruel or starch water, with about ten drops of Laudanum every two hours till the symptoms abate.

Sow Bread

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Vomiting and purging; bloody stools; with cold sweats and convulsions, frequently ending in death.

Treatment

Assist vomiting by drinking warm water; afterwards drink plentifully of gruel, starch water or flour and water.

Spurge (Euphorbium.)

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Yomiting and purging,with pain in the stomach, great heat in the throat and great prostration.

Treatment

Excite vomiting by drinking plentifully of warm water; after the stomach is empty, take alternately and frequently a few teaspoonfuls of Olive Oil and a cupful of milk. Give clysters of mutton broth and gruel or thin starch.

Stramonuim (Thorn Apple.)

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Pain in the chest, excessive thirst, nausea and vomiting, a sense of strangulation, anxiety and faint-ness, partial or complete blindness with dilation of the pupils, sometimes deafness, flushing and swelling of the face, headache, giddiness, delirium, sometimes of a furious, sometimes of a whimsical character, tremors of the limbs, palsy, and ultimately stupor and convulsions, and frequently death. . Treatment:-Evacuate the stomach as quickly as possible by means of emetics and warm water; then give vinegar and water or strong coffee. Open the bowels with a smart purgative; and if necessary give brandy and Ammonia.

Tobacco

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Confusion of the head, giddiness, stupor, faintness, nausea, vomiting, great feebleness of pulse, fainting and sometimes convulsions and death.

Treatment

First empty the stomach with emetics and warm water; then give stimulants to support the system; and Opium to allay the irritation of the stomach.

American Water Hemlock

Symptoms Of Poisoning

(In several instances children have been fatally poisoned by eating the roots, whose smell and taste are not unlike those of the Parsnip.) The effects are giddiness, intoxication and convulsions; also inflammation of the stomach and frequently vomiting.

Treatment

Give an emetic as soon as possible, and follow it up with warm water, till the stomach is quite clear; after which strong coffee and stimulants may be given.

Woorari. Woorara. Woorali. Curare

This is a powerful poison, used by the natives of British Guiana, to poison their arrows. If introduced into the blood in sufficient quantity it proves rapidly fatal.

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Shivering, chattering of the teeth; sensations of severe cold; startings and general trembling; small and rapid pulse, anxiety, sighing, the power of the lower limbs rapidly diminishes, and sometimes the patient is unable to move his legs.

Treatment

A ligature round the limb between the wound and the heart if possible. If artificial respiration is resorted to after insensibility sets in, and before the heart has ceased to beat, the patient may recover.

Mad Dog Bites

Symptoms Of Poisoning

The effects of these bites show themselves at very uncertain intervals; usually between the twentieth day and three or four months, but sometimes not till long afterwards.

The first symptoms are usually an uneasy feeling in the part bitten, which appears red and inflamed; anxiety, langour, restlessness, spasms, horror, disturbed sleep, difficult breathing, and shuddering at the slightest breath of air succeed, and soon increase. Violent convulsions come on, the eyes are red, the tongue swells and sometimes hangs out of the mouth, there is a copious secretion of the saliva, horror of liquids, difficulty in swallowing, pain in the stomach, sometimes vomiting, glassy appearance of the eyes, death.

Treatment

The bitten part should be cut out even if it has healed, and Caustic applied to the bottom of the wound; after the operation bleeding should be encouraged by fomenting with warm water. If convenient, cupping glasses might be applied over the wound, to suck out the poison. Many nostrums have, from time to time, been offered to the world as a cure for Hydrophobia, but we have no record to be depended on, of any genuine case of Hydrophobia being cured.

Meat (Poisonous.)

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Pain and uneasiness in the stomach and bowels, extending to the back and loins; nausea and vomiting, thirst and a burning sensation in the stomach; great prostration and debility, with death or slow recovery.

Treatment

Empty the stomach by emetics; then give Castor Oil. Apply a blister or mustard plaister to the pit of the stomach, and cold water to the head; and put the feet and legs in hot water. Afterwards give brandy and water and small doses of Camphor and Opium and Spt. Sal Volatile.

Poisonous Snakes. Rattlesnakes, Viper, Adder, Etc

Symptoms Of Poisoning

The bites of these reptiles only differ in degree. There is generally a sharp pain in the wounded part, which soon extends over the body; great swelling, at first hard and pale, then reddish-livid, and gangrenous in appearance; faintings, vomitings and convulsions; sometimes jaundice; pulse small, frequent and irregular, breathing difficult, cold sweats, the sight fails, faculties of the mind deranged, extensive suppuration, gangrene and death.

Treatment

A moderately tight bandage should be applied above the bite immediately; suck the wound and encourage bleeding by bathing the parts with warm water; next, if it is on hand, drop a few drops of Hartshorn or Spt. Sal Volatile into the wound. Cover the wound with equal parts of Hartshorn and Oil. Cover the patient up warm in bed, and give him a glass of hot brandy and water, with twenty drops Spt. Sal Volatile every hour till the danger is past. It is astonishing the quantity of stimulant that has been taken with impunity in some of these cases.

Spanish Flies. (Cantharides, Blistering Flies.)

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Furor Uterinus, involuntary emissions, strangury, bloody urine, violent pain, inflammation and ulceration of the stomach, bowels and bladder, tenesmus, delirium, convulsions and death.

Treatment

Drink plentifully of milk, gruel, linseed tea, and oil. Injections of gruel or oil with a teaspoonful of Laudanum added may be given; and Castor Oil and Laudanum may be taken internally.

Wasps, Bees, Mosquitoes, Etc

Symptoms Of Poisoning

Persons have been stung to death by bees and wasps: where the sting is in the throat, as sometimes happens, there is great danger of suffocation . from the great swelling.

Treatment

If a person has been stung sufficiently to cause faintness or constitutional depression, cordials and opiates must be given without delay. The bites may be bathed with a mixture of Spirit of Hartshorn and water; about half of each. Where the stings are in the throat and there is much swelling and inflammation, leeches should be applied at once, and the part fomented afterwards with hot water, to encourage the bleeding. Ammonia diluted with water (20 or 30 drops at a time) may be taken inwardly. Mosquitoe bites are best relieved by bathing them with Spt. Ammonia and Laudanum in water, or with Tincture of Arnica.

THE END.