This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
Chills; fever; pain in region of the kidney, with tenderness; vomiting; frequent and painful desire to pass urine; excessive quantity of urine, which always contains pus and blood; urine cloudy when passed; pain increased by jolting of the body.
This disease cannot always be detected during life. It is often very obscure. Sometimes death occurs by perforation of the pelvis, the threatening of which is indicated by sharp pain in the back, pain in drawing up the limbs, and repeated chills.
The most common cause is gravel. Other causes are the use of irritating diuretics, such as cubebs, copaiba, turpentine. It may also arise from extension of inflammation of the bladder or urethra to the kidney.
Apply cold compresses over the small of the back continuously, changing for fomentations, for fifteen minutes at a time, once in two or three hours. Fomentations may be applied longer if necessary to relieve the pain. When there is much pain, the prolonged warm full bath is the best remedy that can be employed. If comfortable, the patient may remain in the bath two or three hours at a time, without detriment. Dr. Oppolzer, a very eminent physician, recommends the use, in this disease, of milk and alum-water, as the principal diet.