8. Hysso'Pus Officinalis, Hyssop

Hysso'Pus Officinalis, Hyssop. S. Europe. Plant .3 M. (1°) high, stem square, leaves 2.5 Cm. (1') long, punctate on both sides, flowers purplish-blue, stamens 4, exserted; contains volatile oil .5 p. c, bitter principle, resin, fat. Used in Biblical times as a cathartic, now as a carminative, stimulant, sudorific; for dyspepsia, amenorrhoea, rheumatism, bruises, bronchitis, sore throat, chronic catarrhs. Dose, gr. 15-60 (1-4 Gm.); infusion, 5 p. c; oil, ej-2 (.06-.13 Ml. (Cc.)).

9. Orig'Anum Mlga'Re, Wild Marjoram

Orig'Anum Mlga'Re, Wild Marjoram. The herb, official 1820-1860 and 1870-1890; Asia, Europe, N. Africa, naturalized in N. America. Perennial herb, .3-.5 M. (12-18') high; stem square, purplish, downy; leaves 2.5 Cm. (1') long, ovate, entire, pellucid-punctate, hairy beneath, flowers pale purple, calyx 5-toothed, corolla 2-lipped, 4 exserted didynamous stamens, aromatic, pungent, bitter; contains volatile oil 1 p. c, bitter principle, resin, tannin. Oleum Origani, official 1820-1860 and 1870-1880; consists mainly of terpene, C10H16. Used as carminative, stimulant, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, tonic, fomentation; dyspepsia, indigestion, nausea, colic, rheumatism, neuralgia; in infusion. Dose, gr. 15-60 (1-4 Gm.); oil used in liniments, carious teeth, flatulence, ev-10 (.3-.6 Ml. (Cc.)). The closely allied Origanum Majora'na, Sweet Marjoram, is cultivated largely, being used as a condiment in cooking.