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A Manual of Materia Medica and Pharmacology | by David M. R. Culbreth



When the preliminary draft of the Ninth Decennial Revision of the U. S. Pharmacopoeia appeared two years ago, indicating important and radical changes in the proposed text, the author at once began conforming this work to that standard - rewriting many subjects and bringing all within current scientific thought. That labor, conceded from the first somewhat prodigious, has drawn its "slow length along," sustained by inherent duty and sentiment, until its completion - a form considered greatly in advance of its predecessors. Advantage has also been taken of the Fourth Edition of the National Formulary to the extent of embracing most of its drugs and preparations in abstract, with doses whenever necessary - a logical inclusion believed imperative in order to afford the student a positive familiarity with both of our legal authorities.

TitleA Manual of Materia Medica and Pharmacology
AuthorDavid M. R. Culbreth
PublisherLea Brothers & Co.
Year1917
Copyright1917, Lea Brothers & Co.
AmazonManual of Materia Medica and Pharmacology

Comprising All Organic And Inorganic Drugs Which Are Or Have Been Official In The United States Pharmacopoeia, Together With Important Allied Species And Useful Synthetics, Especially Designed For Students Of Pharmacy And Medicine, As Well As For Druggists, Pharmacists, And Physicians.

By David M. E. Culbreth, Ph.G., M.D., Professor Of Botany, Materia Medica, And Pharmacognosy In The Maryland College Of Pharmacy, Department Of The University Of Maryland, Baltimore, Md.

Sixth Edition, Thoroughly Revised. With Four Hundred And Ninety-Two Illustrations.

A Manual Of Materia Medica And Pharmacology 1

The use in this volume of certain portions of the text of the United States Pharmacopoeia is by virtue of permission received from the Board of Trustees of the United States Pharmacopoeial Convention. The said Board of Trustees is not responsible for any inaccuracy nor for any errors in the statement of quantities or percentage strengths.

Permission to use for comment parts of the text of the National Formulary, Fourth Edition, in this volume has been granted by the Committee on Publication by authority of the Council of the American Pharmaceutical Association.

-Preface To The Sixth Edition
When the preliminary draft of the Ninth Decennial Revision of the U. S. Pharmacopoeia appeared two years ago, indicating important and radical changes in the ...
-Abbreviations Used Throughout This Work
The degree sign ( ) associated with numerals indicates feet, except when accompanied with the capital letters C. and F., then it represents degrees ( ...
-The Greek Alphabet
The Greek Alphabet A a a..................... Alpha. B b.......................... Beta. g.......................... Gamma. d.......................... Delta.
-Materia Medica And Pharmacology
Disease seems to have been man's natural inheritance, while curative methods and remedies are largely his adaptation and creation. From early biblical times ...
-Forms In Which Medicines May Be Used
In early times the crude drugs usually were administered, but some being insoluble, nauseous, irritating, bulky, and ill-suited for either internal or external ...
-I. Official Forms of Medicines (Liquids, Semi-Solids, And Solids)
1. Acetum, Aceta (Vinegars) Acetum, Aceta (Vinegars). 10 p. c. Macerate with diluted acetic acid, filter: Scillae. 2. Aqua, Aquae Aromaticae (Aromatic Waters) ...
-II. Non-Official Forms of Medicines
1. Abstracts, Abstracta Abstracts, Abstracta. Powders having twice the strength of the vegetable substance, made by exhausting crude drugs, as a rule, with ...
-II. Non-Official Forms of Medicines. Continued
10. Collyrium, Collyria, Eye-Washes Collyrium, Collyria, Eye-Washes. Liquid applications for the eyes, composed usually of some astringent salt dissolved in ...
-The Avenues By And Through Which Medicines Enter The System
1. By Stomach: Gastro-intestinal Route. - This is the most common and convenient method. After medicines are swallowed they enter circulation through the walls ...
-The Avenues By And Through Which Medicines Enter The System. Continued
2. Epidermic (Epidermatic) Epidermic (Epidermatic). Here medicines are incorporated in wool fat, or other fats, and rubbed with friction directly upon the skin, ...
-The Means By Which Medicines Are Transmitted Through The System
It was believed for a long time that drugs radiated from the seat of application throughout the system, by the nerves; this is known now to be false, and, ...
-Conditions Which May Modify The Action - Hence The Dose Of Drugs
Medicines are not given immediately before or after meals, unless certain conditions urgently demand it; they enter circulation much quicker on an empty ...
-Conditions Which May Modify The Action - Hence The Dose Of Drugs. Part 2
3. Form Of The Drug Form Of The Drug. This controls largely the rate of absorption, hence, the dosage. Before any substance enters circulation it must be in ...
-Conditions Which May Modify The Action - Hence The Dose Of Drugs. Part 3
7. Untoward Effects Untoward Effects. Many drugs produce other than their accustomed action upon certain individuals, made abnormal through habit or ...
-Conditions Which May Modify The Action - Hence The Dose Of Drugs. Part 4
2. Pharmaceutical Pharmaceutical. This results when substances are mixed and do not produce clear solutions, owing to their different solubility in men-struums ...
-The Classifications Of Medicines
There have been many systems brought forward to facilitate the studying of drugs, and it is owing, possibly, to the number that authors observe little ...
-III. Arrangement By Morphology And Anatomy
III Arrangement By Morphology And Anatomy. This system is preeminently adapted for those wishing to become perfectly familiar with the general make-up of the ...
-III. Arrangement By Morphology And Anatomy. Continued
IV. Arrangement By Therapeutic Effect IV Arrangement By Therapeutic Effect. This is possibly the least difficult and most useful to the average physician. In a ...
-I. Agents Promoting Constructive Metabolism
(Metamorphosis) . 1. Restoratives (L. restaurare, to restore). - These restore or renew strength or vitality: (a) Foods, Aliments - which maintain some vital ...
-II. Agents Promoting Destructive Metabolism (Metamorphosis) - Increase Waste
5. Semi-Alternativs, Alkalies Semi-Alternativs, Alkalies. These, before meals, stimulate acid and check alkaline secretions when placed in contact with the ...
-III. Agents Promoting The Destruction Of Microbes, Parasites, Etc
8. Antizymotics (Gr. against, + fermentation). These arrest fermentation dependent upon organic ferments (enzymes): diastase, pepsin, ptyalin; or upon ...
-IV. Agents Acting On The Nervous System (Neurotics, Nervines)
10. Cerebral Excitants, Stimulants, Antispasmodics (L. stimulare, stimulus, to urge, stimulate, a goad, excitant; Gr. against, + a spasm). - These increase the ...
-V. Agents Acting On The Respiratory System (Respiration)
16. Respiratory Stimulants Respiratory Stimulants. These exalt the functions of the respiratory centre in the medulla, affording deeper and quicker breathing: ...
-VI. Agents Acting On The Circulatory System
(Circulation) . 22. Cardiac Stimulants (Tonics; L. cardiacus; Gr. heart). These stimulate the cardiac muscle, slowing and strengthening its contractions; ...
-VII. Agents Acting On The Digestive System (Digestion)
24. Sialaqoques (Gr. saliva, + to lead, leading forth).- These promote the secretion and flow of saliva and buccal mucus: (a) Topical - which act through ...
-VIII. Agents Acting On The Excretory System (Excretion)
27. Carminatives, Aromatics (L. carminare, carminotivus, to expel wind). - These expel gases from the stomach and intestines by increasing peristalsis, ...
-IX. Agents Acting On The Reproductive System
(Generation). 36. Emmenagoques (Gr. monthly, + to lead, leading forth). - These restore the menstrual function, either by stimulating directly the uterine ...
-X. Agents Acting On The Cutaneous System (Skin)
41. Irritants, Counter-Irritants Irritants, Counter-Irritants. These when applied to the skin cause vascular excitement; are called counter-irritants when used ...
-V. Arrangement By Natural Affinities (Botanical)
V Arrangement By Natural Affinities (Botanical). This system is the one adopted throughout this work. It is of all others the most scientific by which plants ...
-V. Arrangement By Natural Affinities (Botanical). Part 2
Sub-kingdom I. Thallophyt(ES)-A. Class 1. Algae. 1. Gigartinaceae Gigartinaceae. Distinguished by being parenchymatous plants, growring in fresh or salt water, ...
-V. Arrangement By Natural Affinities (Botanical). Part 3
11. Smilaceae Smilaceae. Distinguished by being mostly vines, woody, herbaceous, often prickly stems, leaves net-veined, flowers green, dioecious, perianth 6, ...
-Sub-class 2. Dicotyledones. Series I. Choripetalae
14. Piperaceae Piperaceae. Distinguished by jointed stems, ovary sincarpic, 1-celled, stigma sessile, 2, 3, 4, fruit fleshy, 1-celled, 1-seeded; composed of 8 ...
-Sub-class 2. Dicotyledones. Series I. Choripetalae. Part 2
26. Menispermaceae Menispermaceae. Distinguished by flowers being dioecious, petals shorter than sepals, solitary seed moon- or kidney-shaped, woody climbers; ...
-Sub-class 2. Dicotyledones. Series I. Choripetalae. Part 3
38. Zygophyllaceae Zygophyllaceae. Distinguished by flowers bearing a fleshy disk, white, red, yellow, sepals 5, free, glandless; composed of 20 genera, 150 ...
-Series II. Gamopetalae
54. Ericaceae - Distinguished by hypogynous corolla and stamens, anthers 2-celled, dehiscing by pores or slits, ovary 2-5-celled, leaves exstipulate, fruit ...
-Part I. Organic Drugs From The Vegetable Kingdom. Sub-Kingdom I. Thallophyt(Es)-A
Cellular cryptogams, composed of one or many cells, with no differentiation of root, stem, or leaves, the thallus being without true woody fibres and vessels.
-Class 1. Algae. 1. Gigartinaceae. Red Seaweed Family
Gig-ar-ti-na'se-e. L. Giqartin-a + aceae, fr. Gr. a grape-stone - i. e., from the resemblance of the capsules (cystocarps), which are oval, appearing as little ...
-Chondrus
Chondrus crispus, (Linne) Stackhouse, Gigartina mamillosa, (Goodenough et Woodward) Agardh. The dried plants. Habitat. North Atlantic Ocean, New England, Irish ...
-Chondrus. Continued
2. Fu'Cus Vesiculo'Sits, Bladdep-Wrack Fu'Cus Vesiculo'Sits, Bladdep-Wrack. Atlantic Ocean. Grows on muddy rocks and often floats to the shore; it is 1 M. (40') ...
-Class 2. Fungi. 2. Hypocreaceae. Flesh-Consuming Family
Hy-poc-re-a'se-e. L. fr. Gr. under, through, by, + flesh - i. e., some or the species live upon meat (caterpillars and other insects). Exist mostly upon dead ...
-Ergota. Ergot
Claviceps purpurea, (Fries) Tulasne. The carefully dried sclerotium, replacing the grain of rye, Secale cereale, with not more than 5 p. c. of seeds, fruits, ...
-Ergota. Ergot. Continued
Constituents. - Alkaloids .38-.6 p. c.: Ergotoxine, Parahydroxy-phenylethylamine, Isoamylamine, Ergamine, Enzymes (2). Fixed oil 30 p. c, sclererythrin ( ...
-Ergota. Ergot. Part 2
1. Ustila'Go May'Dis, Corn Smut Ustila'Go May'Dis, Corn Smut. The fungous growth upon Zea Mays, official 1880-1890; United States, etc. The fungus is abundant ...
-Ergota. Ergot. Part 3
4. Agar'Icus Musca'Rius (Amani'Ta Musca'Ria), Fly Fungus (Agaric) Agar'Icus Musca'Rius (Amani'Ta Musca'Ria), Fly Fungus (Agaric). N. Europe, Russia. This ...
-Sub-Kingdom II. Pteridophyt(Es)-A
Vascular cryptogams (ferns), mostly terrestrial; stems, roots, leaves,' woody fibres, and vessels well developed, spores go into flat or irregular prothallia ...
-Class 3. Filicinae. 3. Polypodiaceae. Fern Family
Pol-i-po-di-a'se-e. L. Polypodi-um + aceae, fr. Gr. many, + foot - many feet, rays - i. e., from the branched rootstocks of some species. Includes nine-tenths ...
-Aspidium. Aspidium
Dryopteris Filix-mas, (Linne) Schott, marginalis, (Linne) Gray. The dried rhizome and stipes, without roots, dead portions. Habitat. 1. N. America, N. Asia, ...
-Aspidium. Aspidium. Continued
1. Dryopteris Rig'Ida (Aspidium Rig'Idum) Dryopteris Rig'Ida (Aspidium Rig'Idum). S. Europe, California. Rhizome longer, thinner, with 6 vascular bundles. D.
-Class 4. Lycopodinae. 4. Lycopodiaceae. Club-Moss Family
Li-ko-po-di-a'se-e. L. Lycovodi-um + aceae, fr. Gr. a wolf, a foot - 1. e., from appearance of the shoots to a wolf's foot. Herbs resembling mosses.
-Lycopodium. Lycopodium
Lycopodium clavatum, Linne. The spores, with not more than 2 p. c. of impurities. Habitat. Europe, Asia, N. America, in dry woods. Syn. Lycopod., Club Moss, ...
-Sub-Kingdom III. Spermatophyt(Es)-A (Phanerogamia)
Seed-producing plants, each containing a complete embryo, and includes the greatest number (120,000), as well as the highest forms of plants.
-Class 5. Gymnospermae (Seeds Naked, Not Enclosed In An Ovary). 5. Pinaceae (Coniferae). Pine Family, Conifers
Pi-na'se-e. L. Pin-us -f- aceae, fr. Celtic pin, pyn, a mountain, rock - i. e., habitat of some species. Trees, evergreen shrubs. Distinguished by abounding in ...
-Terebinthina. Turpentine
1. Oleum Terebinthinae. Oil of Turpentine, official. 2. Resina. Rosin, official. Pinus palustris, Miller, and other species. The volatile oil (1), and residue ...
-Terebinthina. Turpentine. Continued
In the distillation of concrete oleoresin, when the volatile oil ceases Fig. 16. - A boxed, cornered, and chipped pine tree. to come over, the resin (rosin) ...
-Terebinthina. Turpentine. Part 2
II. Terpin Hydrate II Terpin Hydrate. Antiseptic (arresting the development of tubercle bacilli), expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic. III. Terebene III ...
-Terebinthina. Turpentine. Part 3
1. Pinus Tae'Da, Loblolly, Old Field Or Frankincense Pine Pinus Tae'Da, Loblolly, Old Field Or Frankincense Pine. Delaware, Florida, thence Texas, Arkansas.
-Pinus Pumilio. Dwarf Pine
Oleum Pini Pumilionis. Oil of Dwarf Pine Needles, official. Pinus montana, Miller. A volatile oil distilled from the fresh leaves. Habitat. C. Europe: Tyrolese ...
-Pinus Pumilio. Dwarf Pine. Continued
4. Thu'Ja Occidenta'Lis, Arbor Vita (White Cedar) Thu'Ja Occidenta'Lis, Arbor Vita (White Cedar). The fresh tops, official 1880-1890; Canada, United States.
-Juniperus. Juniper
Oleum Juniperi. Oil of Juniper, official. Juniperus communis, Linne. A volatile oil distilled from the ripe fruit. Habitat. N. America (Canada, N. United ...
-Juniperus Oxycedrus. Prickly Cedar
Oleum Cadinum. Oil of Cade, official. Juniperus Oxycedrus, Linne. An empyreumatic oil distilled (dry) from the wood. Habitat. S. Europe, Spain. Syn. Prickly ( ...
-Class 6. Angiospermae (Seeds Clothed, Enclosed In An Ovary). Sub-Class 1. Monocotyledones (Embryo With One Cotyledon, Stem Endogenous, Leaves Parallel-Veined). 6. Graminaceae. Grass Family
Gram-i-na'se-e. L. fem. pl. of gramin-eus + aceae, of or pertaining to grass - gramen, grass. Herbs, shrubs, or arborescent plants, largest endogenous order ...
-Amylum. Starch
Zea Mays, Linne. The starch separated from the grain. Habitat. S. America; cultivated in warm temperate zones. Syn. Corn, Indian (Turkish) Corn, Maize, Mealies, ...
-Saccharum. Sugar
Saccharum officinarum, Linne, Beta vulgaris, Linne, var. Rapa. Sucrose, C12H22O11, obtained from cultivated varieties, and other sources. Habitat. S. Asia, ...
-Saccharum. Sugar. Continued
2. Fructose, Fruit-Sugar (Levulose) C6h12o6 Fructose, Fruit-Sugar (Levulose) Cho. This often accompanies grape-sugar in fruits, honey, etc., sometimes in ...
-Triticum. Triticum
Agropyron repens, (Linne) Beauvois. The dried rhizome and roots, gathered in the spring. Habitat. Europe, N. America; along roadsides and in cultivated grounds.
-Maltum. Malt
Hordeum sativum, Jessen. The grain of one or more varieties, partially germinated artificially, and then dried at 55 C. (131 F.). Habitat. W. Asia, China, ...
-7. Palmaceae. Palm Family
Pal-ma'se-e. L. Palm-a + aceae, fern. pl. palmaceous, of or pertaining to the palms, fr. palma, a palm. Perennial trees or shrubs, mostly unbranched, growing ...
-Sabal. Sabal
Serenoa serrulata, (Michaux) Hooker filius. The partially dried, ripe fruit. Habitat. S. United States, N. Carolina to Florida; sandy soil near seacoast. Syn.
-Sabal. Sabal. Part 2
1. Metrox'Ylon Rum'Phii (Sa'Gus Rum'Phii), Pearl Sago Metrox'Ylon Rum'Phii (Sa'Gus Rum'Phii), Pearl Sago. The prepared fecula, official 1820-1880; E. India ...
-Sabal. Sabal. Part 3
5. Co'Cos Nucif'Era, Oleum Cocois (Cocoanut Oil) Co'Cos Nucif'Era, Oleum Cocois (Cocoanut Oil). Tropics. A fixed oil expressed from palm seeds after being ...
-8. Melanthaceae. Bunch-Flower Family
Me-lan-tha'se-e. L. Melanth-ium + aceae. fr. Gr. black, flower - i. e., alluding to the darker color which the persistent perianth assumes after blossoming.
-Veratrum Viride. Veratrum Viride
Veratrum viride, Aiton. The dried rhizome and roots, with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. N. America, Canada to Georgia, in rich, wet ...
-Sabadilla. Cevadilla
Veratrina. Veratrine, official. Asagraea officinalis, Chamisso et Schlechtendal. A mixture of alkaloids obtained from the seed. Habitat. Mexico to Guatemala ...
-9. Liliaceae. Lily Family
Lil-i-a'se-e. L. Lili-um + aceae, a lily, fr. Celtic li, whiteness, alluding to beautiful white flowers of original species. Herbs, shrubs, trees.
-Scilla. Squill
The fleshy, inner scales of the bulb of the white variety, cut into pieces and carefully dried. Habitat. Mediterranean Basin, near the sea; Spain, France, ...
-Scilla. Squill. Continued
1. Al'Lium Sati'Vum, Garlic Al'Lium Sati'Vum, Garlic. The fresh bulb without drying, official 1820-1900; C. Asia, S. Europe. Bulbous plant, .6 M. (2 ) high; ...
-Aloe. Aloes
Fig. 42. - Allium sativum. Aloe Perryi, Baker, vera, (Lrinne) Webb, ferox, Miller. The inspissated juice of the leaves. Habitat. 1. E. Africa, Island of ...
-Aloe. Aloes. Continued
1. Hepatic Aloes Hepatic Aloes. This name was applied formerly to a variety of Socotrine aloes from E. Indies, but now the term is given in this country to ...
-10. Convallariaceae. Lily-Of-The-Valley Family
Kon-va-la-ri-a'se-e. L. Convallari-a + aceae, fr. L. con, together, + vallis, valley - a valley enclosed on all sides - i. e., alluding to the preferred place ...
-Colchicum
1. Colchici Cormus. Colchicum Corm. 2. Colchici Semen. Colchicum Seed. Colchicum autumnale, Linne. 1. The dried corm, containing .35 p. c. of colchicine. 2.
-Colchicum. Part 2
Colchicoresin, C51H60N2O15. - Brown, amorphous, soluble in chloroform, alcohol; insoluble in ether, sparingly in cold water. Beta-colchicoresin, C34H39NO10 - ...
-Colchicum. Part 3
1. Colchicum Variega'Tum, Oriental Hermodactyls Colchicum Variega'Tum, Oriental Hermodactyls. S. Europe, Asia Minor. Corm like official, but surface smooth, ...
-11. Smilaceae. Smilax Family
Smi-la'se-e. L. Smil-ax + aceae, fr. Gr. a scraper - i. e., alluding to the rough, prickly stems. Mostly vines, woody or herbaceous, stems often prickly.
-Sarsaparilla. Sarsaparilla
Smilax medica, Chamisso et Schlechtendal, officinalis, Kunth, ornata, Hooker fdius. The dried root. Habitat. Tropical America, Mexico to Brazil; Andes and ...
-Sarsaparilla. Sarsaparilla. Continued
3. I'Ris Versic'Olor, Blue Flag I'Ris Versic'Olor, Blue Flag. Iridaceae. The rhizome and roots official 1820-1900; N. America (swampy places). Perennial herb, .
-12. Zingiberaceae. Ginger Family
Zin-ji-be-ra'se-e. L. Zingiber + aceae, fr. Gr. ginger. Herbs. Distinguished by being aromatic, with creeping rhizomes; leaves stalked, broad, sheathing, ...
-Cardamomi Semen. Cardamom Seed
Elettaria Cardamomum, White et Maton. The dried seeds, recently removed from the capsules. Habitat. Malabar, cultivated. India, Mountains, 750-1,500 M. (2,500- ...
-Cardamomi Semen. Cardamom Seed. Continued
1. Elettaria Ma'Jor, Ceylon Cardamom Elettaria Ma'Jor, Ceylon Cardamom. About 50 Mm. (1 3/5') long, triangular, prolonged into a beak 15 Mm. ( ') long, ...
-Zingiber. Ginger
Zingiber officinale, Roscoe. The dried rhizome, with outer cortical layers either partially or completely removed. Habitat. India, Hindustan (cultivated in W.
-Zingiber. Ginger. Part 2
1. Zingiber Zerum'Bet Zingiber Zerum'Bet. Java (rhizome fleshy, spongy, ginger odor and taste), and Z. Cassumu'nar. - India (root 5 Cm.; 2' long, fleshy ...
-Zingiber. Ginger. Part 3
5. Al'Etris Farino'Sa, Colic Root (Starwort) Al'Etris Farino'Sa, Colic Root (Starwort). Rhizome, official 1820-1870; United States. Perennial, .6-1 M. (2-3 ) ...
-13. Orchidaceae. Orchid Family
Or-ki-da'se-e. L. Orchi(s)d + aceae, fr. Gr. a testicle - i. e., ancient name from shape of roots. Herbs, shrubs, terrestrial or epiphytical. Distinguished by ...
-Vanilla. Vanilla
Vanillinum. Vanillin, C8H8O3, official. Vanilla planifolia, Andrews. Methylprotocatechuic aldehyde occurring naturally in vanilla (cured fruit), or prepared ...
-Sub-Class 2: Dicotyledones
(Embryo with 2 cotyledons, stem exogenous (with pith, wood, bark), leaves net-veined). Series 1: CHORIPETALAE. Petals separate and distinct, or wanting. 14.
-Cubeba. Cubeb
Piper Cubeba, Linne filius. (Cubeba Cubeba, (Linne filius) Lyons.) The dried, full-grown, unripe fruits, with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter.
-Cubeba. Cubeb. Continued
3. False Cubebs False Cubebs. Origin unknown, fruit wrinkled, brownish-gray, size of the official, stalk 5 Mm. (1/5') long, odor mace-like.
-Piper. Pepper
P'iper nigrum, Linne. The dried, unripe fruit, with not more than 2 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. S. India, Malabar Coast, Philippine Islands, ...
-Piper. Pepper. Continued
5. Methys'Ticum Methysticum (Piper Methysticum), Ava (Kava-Kava) Methys'Ticum Methysticum (Piper Methysticum), Ava (Kava-Kava). Sandwich Islands. Dried rhizome ...
-15. Salicaceae. Willow Family
Sal-i-ka'se-e. L. Sali(x)c + aceae, willow, from Celtic sal, near, + lis, water - i. e., its favored place of growth; or L. salire, to leap - its rapid growing.
-Salix. Salix (Willow)
Salicinum. Salicin, C13H18O7, official. Fig. 81. - Juglans: flowering branch; cross-section of fruit. Salix and Populus, several species. A glucoside. Habitat.
-Salix. Salix (Willow). Continued
3. Bet'Ula Len'Ta, Sweet-, Spice-Birch Bet'Ula Len'Ta, Sweet-, Spice-Birch. Betulaceae. The volatile oil distilled from the bark, official 1890-1910; N.
-16. Fagaceae (Cupuliferae). Beech Family
Fa-ga'se-e. L. Fag-us + aceae, fr. Gr. to eat, the beech - 1. e., in allusion to the esculent nuts once used as food. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by alternate ...
-Galla. Nutgall
Quercus infectoria, Olivier, and allied species. Excrescences on the young twigs, induced by punctures (stings) on the leaf-buds and by the deposited ova of ...
-Galla. Nutgall. Part 2
II. Tannic Acid II Tannic Acid. 1. Glyceritum Acidi Tannici. Glycerite of Tannic Acid. (Syn., Glycer. Acid. Tann., Glycerite of Tannin; Fr. Glycere de Tannin, ...
-Galla. Nutgall. Part 3
1. Chinese Nutgalls (Rhus Semiala'Ta) By Sting Of A'Phis' S(Ch)Inen'Sis Chinese Nutgalls (Rhus Semiala'Ta) By Sting Of A'Phis' S(Ch)Inen'Sis. Galls 4-5 Cm. (1 ...
-Galla. Nutgall. Part 4
8. Casta'Nea Denta'Ta, Chestnut Casta'Nea Denta'Ta, Chestnut. The dried leaves, collected Sept.-Oct., while still green, official 1870-1900; N. America, W.
-17. Ulmaceae. Elm Family
Ul-ma'se-e. Ulm-us + aceae, fr. Saxon elm or ulm - i. e., its original name in all Celtic dialects. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by leaves alternate, serrate, ...
-Ulmus. Elm
Ulmus fulva, Michaux. The bark deprived of the outer corky layer and dried Habitat. N. America, New England, S. Carolina, west to Louisiana, Nebraska. Syn. Elm ...
-18. Moraceae. Mulberry Family
Mo-ra'se-e. L. Mor-us + aceae, fr. Celtic mor, black - i. e., alluding to the fruit's color. Trees, shrubs, herbs. Distinguished by leaves alternate or ...
-Humulus. Hops
Humulus Lupulus, Linne. The carefully dried strobiles, bearing their glandular trichomes, with not more than 2 p. c. of stems, leaves, foreign matter. Habitat.
-Humulus. Hops. Continued
1. Fi'Cus Car'Ica, Fig Fi'Cus Car'Ica, Fig. The partially dried fruit, official 1820-1910; W. Asia, cult. in S. Europe, California. Tree, 4.5-7.5 M. (15-25 ) ...
-Cannabis. Cannabis
Cannabis sativa, Linne, or var. indica, Lamarck. The dried pistillate flowering tops, freed from thicker stems and large foliage leaves, with not more than 10 ...
-Cannabis. Cannabis. Continued
1. Bhang (Sidhee, Subjee, Siddhi) Bhang (Sidhee, Subjee, Siddhi). Consists of the dried coarsely broken leaves and fruit (dark green), resembles ganja in odor ...
-19. Santalaceae. Sandalwood Family
San-ta-la'se-e. L. Santal-um aceae. Pers. name sandul, useful, or fr. L. sandal, Gr. the classic name tor Skt. chandana - chand, snine; L. canaere, to shine - ...
-Santalum Album. White Sandal
Oleum Santali. Oil of Santal, official. Santalum album, Linne. A volatile oil distilled from the wood, containing 90 p. c. of alcohols, calculated as santalol.
-20. Aristolochiaceae:. Birthwort Family
Ar-is-to-lo-ki-a'se-e. L. Aristolochi-a + aceae, fr. Gr. best, childbirth - i. e., once thought to ease labor. Low herbs, climbing shrubs. Distinguished by ...
-Serpentaria. Serpentaria
Aristolochia Serpent aria, Linne, reticulata, Nuttall. The dried rhizome and roots, with not more than 10 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. United ...
-Serpentaria. Serpentaria. Continued
1. As'Arum Canaden'Se, Wild Ginger As'Arum Canaden'Se, Wild Ginger. The rhizome (root), official 1820-1880; North America. Small plant with dividing stem; ...
-21. Polygonaceae. Buckwheat Family
Pol-i-go-na'se-e. L. Poliqon-um + aceae, fr. Gr. many, + knee, joint - i. e., from stem s numerous joints. Herbs, shrubs. Distinguished by acrid, astringent, ...
-Rheum. Rhubarb
Rheum officinale, Baillon, palmatum, Linne, and var. tanguticum, Maximowicz, and probably other species. The rhizomes and roots grown in China, Thibet, ...
-Rheum. Rhubarb. Continued
Fig. 99. - Chinese rhubarb: transverse section. (best, most expensive - orange color, agreeable odor), Canton (smoky odor, bitter, ochre-yellow), Shanghai ( ...
-Rheum. Rhubarb. Part 2
1. Rheum Rhapon'Ticum Rheum Rhapon'Ticum. Asia Minor, Siberia, Russia. This is cultivated as pie-plant, the leaf-petioles being used, as they possess pleasant ...
-Rheum. Rhubarb. Part 3
6. Polyg'Onum Bistor'Ta, Bistort Polyg'Onum Bistor'Ta, Bistort. Europe, Asia, N. America, in meadows. Produces an S-shaped rhizome, bent upon itself - ...
-22. Chenopodiaceae. Goosefoot Family
Ke-no-po-di-a'se-e. L. Chenopodi-um + aceae, fr. Gr. goose, + foot - i. e., referring to the shape of leaves. Herbs, shrubs. Distinguished by being homely, ...
-Chenopodium. Chenopodium
Oleum Chenopodii. Oil of Chenopodium, official. Chenopodium ambrosioides, var. anthclminticum, Linne. A volatile oil distilled from the fruit (or fresh herb).
-Chenopodium. Chenopodium. Part 2
1. Chenopodium Ambrosioi'Des, Herba Botryos Mexicanae, Mexican Tea Chenopodium Ambrosioi'Des, Herba Botryos Mexicanae, Mexican Tea. The fruit, official 1890- ...
-Chenopodium. Chenopodium. Part 3
5. Dri'Mys Win'Teri (Win'Tera Aroma'Tica) Dri'Mys Win'Teri (Win'Tera Aroma'Tica). The bark, official 1820-1860; S. America; small tree; leaves coriaceous; ...
-23. Myristicaceae. Nutmeg Family
Mi-ris-ti-ka'se-e. L. Myristic-a + aceae, fr. Gr. to anoint i. e., an ointment used for its sweet odor. Trees. Distinguished by aromatic properties; leaves ...
-Myristica. Myristica
Myristica fragrans, Houttuyn. The ripe seeds deprived of arillus and seed-coats - the kernel. Habitat. Molucca Islands; cultivated in tropics, India, ...
-Myristica. Myristica. Continued
1. Maris, Mace Maris, Mace. The arillode of the seed of Myristica fragrans, official 1850-1900. When fruit first gathered the fleshy pericarp is removed, the ...
-24. Ranunculaceae. Crowfoot Family
Ra-nung-ku-la'se-e. L. Ranuncul-us + aceae, dim. of rana, a frog; hence little frog, as many species grow in moist places near that reptile. Herbs, shrubs with ...
-Hydrastis
Hydrastis canadensis, Linne. The dried rhizome and roots, with not more than 2 p. c. of stems, leaves, foreign matter, containing 2.5 p. c. of ether-soluble ...
-Hydrastis. Part 2
Berberine, C20H17NO4. - This colored alkaloid is obtained by the preceding process for separating hydrastine; occurs in bitter yellow needles, crystalline ...
-Hydrastis. Part 3
1. Helleb'Orus Ni'Ger, Black Hellebore Helleb'Orus Ni'Ger, Black Hellebore. The dried rhizome and roots, official 1820-1880; C. and S. Europe, mountains.
-Cimicifuga. Cimicifuga
Cimicifuga racemosa, (Linne) Nuttall. The dried rhizome and roots, with not more than 2 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. United States, Canada; in ...
-Staphisagria. Staphisagria
Delphinium Staphisagria, Linne. The ripe seeds, with not more than 2 p. c. of foreign vegetable matter. Habitat. Mediterranean Basin; cultivated, France, Italy.
-Staphisagria. Staphisagria. Continued
1. Delphinium Consol'Ida, Field Larkspur Delphinium Consol'Ida, Field Larkspur. The seed, official 1820-1880; C. Europe, cultivated and naturalized in the ...
-Aconitum. Aconite
Fig. 121. - Delphinium Consolida. Aconitum Napellus, Linne. The dried tuberous root, with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter, containing .5 p. c.
-Aconitum. Aconite. Continued
Aconine, C26H41O11. - This appears antagonistic to aconitine in cardiac effect; picraconitine is considered inert; aconitic acid is abundant, but is chiefly in ...
-Aconitum. Aconite. Part 2
1. Aconitum Neomonta'Num Aconitum Neomonta'Num. Leaves, official 1820-1840, and A. panicu'la'tum, leaves, official 1840-1850, possess very little acridity, but ...
-Aconitum. Aconite. Part 3
6. Hepat'Ica Hepatica (Tri'Loba), Noble Liverwort Hepat'Ica Hepatica (Tri'Loba), Noble Liverwort. The leaves, official 1830-1880, N. America, Europe. One of ...
-25. Berberidaceae. Barberry Family
Ber-be-ri-da'se-e. L. Berber(is)id + aceae, fr. Berberys - i. e., Arabic name of the fruit. Shrubs, herbs with watery juice. Distinguished by few stamens (same ...
-Podophyllum. Podophyllum
Podophyllum peltatum, Linne. The dried rhizome and roots, containing 3 p. c. of resin. Habitat: N. America (Canada, United States), in rich woods, thickets.
-Podophyllum. Podophyllum. Continued
1. Podophyllum Emo'Di Podophyllum Emo'Di. India, Hazara, Kashmir; Himalaya Mountains; rhizome, collected after flowering, cylindrical, stem-scars crowded on ...
-26. Menispermaceae. Moonseed Family
Men-i-sper-ma'se-e. L. Menisperm-um + aceae, fr. Gr. the moon, + a seed - i. e., fruit (seed) kidney- or crescent-shaped. Shrubs, woody climbers, herbaceous ...
-Calumba. Calumba
Jateorhiza palmata, (Lamarck) Miers. (Jateorkiza calumba, (Roxburgh) Miers.) The dried root. Habitat. E. Africa, Madagascar (Mozambique and Quilimane forests, ...
-Calumba. Calumba. Part 2
1. Jateorhiza Calumba Jateorhiza Calumba. About the same as the official, possibly having a variety difference in that the basal lobes of leaves are rounded ...
-Calumba. Calumba. Part 3
3. Chondroden'Dron Tomento'Sum, Parei'Ra, Parei'Ra Bra'Va Chondroden'Dron Tomento'Sum, Parei'Ra, Parei'Ra Bra'Va. The dried root, official 1840-1910; Brazil, ...
-27. Lauraceae. Laurel Family
La-ra'se-e. L. Laur-us + aceae, bay tree, fr. Celtic blaur (laur, the b dropped), signifying green - i. e., referring to plant's foliage. Trees, shrubs.
-Sassafras. Sassafras
Sassafras variifolium, (Salisbury) 0. Kuntze. The bark of the root, with not more than 2 p. c. of adhering wood, collected in early spring or autumn, deprived ...
-Sassafras. Sassafras. Continued
3. Sassafras Lignum, Sassafras Wood Sassafras Lignum, Sassafras Wood. Contains little volatile oil; used like the bark, but very weak medicinally. Allied ...
-Cinnamomum. Cinnamon
1. Cinnamomum Saigonicum. Saigon Cinnamon. 2. Cinnamomum Zeylanicum. Ceylon Cinnamon. Cinnamomum 1. species undetermined, 2. zeylanicum, Breyne. 1. The dried ...
-Cinnamomum. Cinnamon. Part 2
Commercial. - Cinnamon was a very early favorite spice, being brought by Arabian navigators to the Phoenicians, Grecians, and Romans, the Chinese cassia being ...
-Cinnamomum. Cinnamon. Part 3
1. Cinnaldehydum, Cinnamic Aldehyde, C3h8o Official 1900-1910 Cinnaldehydum, Cinnamic Aldehyde, Cho Official -. Obtained as a natural product by shaking oil of ...
-Camphora. Camphor
Cinnamomum Camphora, (Linne) Nees et Ebermaier. The dextrorotatory ketone (concrete volatile oil). Habitat. China, Japan, Formosa. Tree cultivated in Italy as ...
-Camphora. Camphor. Part 2
2. Acidum Camphoricum, Camphoric Acid, C10h16o4, Official 1900-1910 Acidum Camphoricum, Camphoric Acid, Cho, Official -. This dibasic organic acid is obtained ...
-Camphora. Camphor. Part 3
2. Coto Bark Coto Bark. Bolivia. May be from Dri'mys Win'teri var. granatin'sis. In flat or curved pieces 12 Mm. (1/2') thick, cinnamon color and odor, taste ...
-28. Papaveraceae. Poppy Family
Pa-pav-e-ra'se-e. L. Papaver + aceae, poppy, OE, papy, Gr. classic name, fr. papa, pap or thick milk - i. e., formerly Used tor children - to nourish and cause ...
-Opium. Opium
Papaver somniferum, Linne, and var. album, DeCandolle. The air-dried, milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules, containing, when moist, 9.5 p.
-Opium. Opium. Part 2
The once popular French (Aubergier's, Affium - 14-23 p. c. of morphine) and Bulgarian (8-20 p. c. of morphine) are practically out of commerce. Opium has been ...
-Opium. Opium. Part 3
Apomorphinae Hydrochloridum, Apomorphine Hydrochloride, C17H17NO2HCl + 1/2H2O, official. - (Syn., Apomorph. Hydrochl., Apomorphine Chloride, Apomorphinae ...
-Opium. Opium. Part 4
Codeinse Sulphas, Codeine Sulphate, (C18H21NO3)2H2SO4+ 5H2O, official. - (Syn., Codein. Sulph.; Fr. Sulfate de Codeine; Ger. Codeinum sulfuricum, Kodeinsulfat.) ...
-Opium. Opium. Part 5
3. Opii Pulvis. Powdered Opium. (Syn., Opii Pulv.; Fr. Poudre d'Opium; Ger. Opium pulveratum, Opiumpulver.) Manufacture: Dry opium, convenient quantity, at 70 ...
-Opium. Opium. Part 6
Opium in full doses, gr. 1-3 (.06-.2 Gm.), produces dry mouth, thirst, stimulates brain by increasing blood supply, arrests digestion by reducing bile, gastric ...
-Opium. Opium. Continued
1. Papaverls Capsulae, Poppy Capsules, Papaver, Poppy Papaverls Capsulae, Poppy Capsules, Papaver, Poppy. The nearly ripe capsules, official 1840-1880. These ...
-Sanguinaria. Sanguinaria
Sanguinaria canadensis, Linne. The dried rhizome and roots. Habitat. N. America - Canada, United States, in shaded situations, on rich soil. Syn. Sanguin., ...
-Sanguinaria. Sanguinaria. Continued
1. Chelido'Nium Ma'Jus, Chelidonium, Celandine Chelido'Nium Ma'Jus, Chelidonium, Celandine. The entire plant, collected when beginning to flower, official 1880- ...
-29. Cruciferae. Mustard Family
Kru-sif'e-re. L. Crucifer, fern. pi. fr. cru(x)c, a cross, + ferre, to bear - i. e., flowers (petals) arranged in shape of maltese cross. Herbs, shrubs.
-Sinapis. Mustard
1. Sinapis Alba. White Mustard. 2. Sinapis Nigra. Black Mustard. 1. Sinapis alba, Linne. 2. Brassica nigra, (Linne) Koch. The ripe seeds, with not more than 5 ...
-Sinapis. Mustard. Continued
1. Brassica Jun'Cea, Sarepta, Indian, Russian Mustard Brassica Jun'Cea, Sarepta, Indian, Russian Mustard. S. Russia, Africa, India, from this latter country ...
-30. Hamamelidaceae. Witch Hazel Family
Ham-a-me-li-da'se-e. L. Hamamel(is)-id + aceae, fr. Gr. together with, + lit (apple) - i. e., flowers and iruit together on the tree. Shrubs, trees.
-Hamamelis. Hamamelis
Aqua Hamamelidis. Hamamelis Water, official. Hamamelis virginiana, Linne. A saturated aqueous liquid distilled with steam or water from the bark, twigs, ...
-Styrax. Storax
Liquidambar orientalis, Miller. A balsam obtained from the wood and inner bark. Habitat. Asia Minor - Southwestern portion, near coast, forming entire forests ...
-Styrax. Storax. Continued
1. Styrax Calamita Styrax Calamita. Resinous exudation from Styrax officitia'lis, in agglutinated tears resembling benzoin, wrapped in leaves; a factitious ...
-31. Rosaceae. Rose Family
Ro-za'se-e. L. Ros'a + aceae, fern. pl. rosace-us, rose-like, fr. rosa, a rose. Trees, shrubs, herbs. Distinguished by astringency, succulent edible fruits, ...
-Rosa Gallica. Red Rose
Rosa gallica, Linne. The dried petals, collected just before the expansion of the flower. Habitat. W. Asia, S. Europe; cultivated (England, Holland, France, ...
-Rosa Gallica. Red Rose. Part 2
1. Rosa Centifo'Lia, Pale Rose Rosa Centifo'Lia, Pale Rose. The petals, collected after expanding, official 1820-1900; W. Asia. Plant erect, 1-2 M. (3-6 ) high, ...
-Rosa Gallica. Red Rose. Part 3
5. Ge'Um Rim'Le, Purple (Water) Avens Ge'Um Rim'Le, Purple (Water) Avens. The rhizome, official 1820-1880; N. America. Perennial plant .3-.6 M. (1-2 ) high, ...
-Rosa Gallica. Red Rose. Part 4
10. Hage'Nia Abyssin'Ica, Cusso, Kousso, Brayera Hage'Nia Abyssin'Ica, Cusso, Kousso, Brayera. The dried panicles of the pistillate flowers, official 1860-1910; ...
-32. Drupaceae. Plum Family
Dru-pa'se-e. L. Drup-a + aceae, fr. Gr. tree, + ripen, ripened on the tree - i. e., the stone fruit. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by bark and seeds containing ...
-Prunus Virginiana. Wild Cherry
Prunus serotina, Ehrhart. (Prunus virginiana, Miller.) The stem-bark collected in autumn and carefully dried. Habitat. N. America (Can. to Fla., to Minn., Neb., ...
-Prunus Virginiana. Wild Cherry. Continued
1. Prunus Domes'Tica, Prunum, Prune Prunus Domes'Tica, Prunum, Prune. The partly dried ripe fruit, official 1820-1910; W. Asia, cult. in S. France, California.
-Amygdala Amara. Bitter Almond
Oleum Amygdalae Amarae. Oil of Bitter Almond, official. Prunus Amygdalus, var. amara, DeCandolle. A volatile oil obtained by maceration and distillation, from ...
-Amygdala Amara. Bitter Almond. Part 2
2. Nitrobenzene, Nitrobenzol, Oil Of Mirbane Nitrobenzene, Nitrobenzol, Oil Of Mirbane. False artificial oil of bitter almond is obtained by acting on benzene ...
-Amygdala Amara. Bitter Almond. Part 3
1. Amygdalus (Prunus) Per'Sica, Peach Amygdalus (Prunus) Per'Sica, Peach. Persia, cultivated largely in the United States, etc. Fruit edible, abounding in ...
-33. Mimosaceae. Mimosa Family
Mi-mo-sa'se-e. L. Mimos-a -+- aceae, fr. L. mimus, Gr. a mimic - i. e., the leaves often mimic or imitate animal sensibility, moving by slight impulse, partly ...
-Acacia. Acacia
Acacia Senegal, Willdenow, and other African species. The dried, gummy exudation. Habitat. E. and W. Africa, Senegal, Kordofan, Egypt, Abyssinia, India, Nubia, ...
-Acacia. Acacia. Continued
1. Acacia Cat'Echu, Catechu Acacia Cat'Echu, Catechu. An extract prepared from the heart-wood, official 1820-1900; India, Hindustan. Plant crooked, shrubby ...
-34. CAESalpiniaceae. Senna Family
Ses-al-pin'i-a'se-e. L. Caesalpin-us(-i) + aceae, after Andreas Caesal-pinus (1519-1603), a noted Italian botanist and physician. Trees, herbs, shrubs.
-Senna. Senna
Cassia acutifolia, Delile, angustifolia, Vahl. The dried leaflets, with not more than 10 p. c. of stem tissues, pods, seeds, foreign matter. Habitat. E. and C.
-Senna. Senna. Continued
Fig. 179. - Cassia angustifolia: half natural size; A, leaflets; B, legumes. and dried even with less care, and contains many brown leaflets and legumes.
-Senna. Senna. Part 2
1. Cassia Obova'Ta Cassia Obova'Ta. Leaflets, official 1830-1870. This was the first senna known, being introduced by the Moors into Europe as early as the 9th ...
-Senna. Senna. Part 3
7. Trifo'Lium Praten'Se, Red Clover, Trifolium Re'Pens, White Clover Trifo'Lium Praten'Se, Red Clover, Trifolium Re'Pens, White Clover. The dried inflorescence ...
-Copaiba. Copaiba
Copaiba, Miller, one or more species. An oleoresin. Habitat. Brazil (Venezuela, Colombia), Amazon valley, banks of the Orinoco River. Syn. Copaib., Balsam of ...
-Copaiba. Copaiba. Part 2
2. Hardwick'Ia Pinna'Ta Hardwick'Ia Pinna'Ta. E. India. Tree yields dark brown oleoresin, containing volatile oil 20-40 p. c., resin, no copaivic acid. 3.
-Copaiba. Copaiba. Part 3
3. Erythrophlae'Um Guineen'Se, Sassy, Mancona, Or Ordeal Bark Erythrophlae'Um Guineen'Se, Sassy, Mancona, Or Ordeal Bark. The dried bark; W. and C. Africa.
-35. Papilionaceae. Pea Family
Pa-pil-i-o-na'se-e. L. Papilio-n + aceae, butterfly - i. e., alluding to the corolla being butterfly-shaped. Herbs, shrubs, vines, trees. Distinguished by ...
-Balsamum Peruvianum. Balsam Of Peru
Toluifera Pereirae, (Royle) Baillon. A balsam. Habitat. Central America (San Salvador), in woods near the coast. Syn. Bals. Peruv., Peru Balsam, Balsamum ...
-Balsamum Tolutanum. Balsam Of Tolu
Toluifera Balsamum, Linne. A balsam. Habitat. S. America (Venezuela, Colombia, Peru); high rolling countries. Syn. Bals. Tolu., Tolu Balsam; Fr. Baume - du ...
-Balsamum Tolutanum. Balsam Of Tolu. Continued
1. Myrox'Ylon Puncta'Tum Myrox'Ylon Puncta'Tum. The Quino-quino tree, and M. peruif-erum, both of Peru; yield balsams resembling official Peru and Tolu. 2.
-Tragacamntha. Tragacanth
Astragalus gummifer, Labillardiere, or other Asiatic species. The spontaneously dried gummy exudation from the stems. Habitat. W. Asia - Asia Minor, Armenia, ...
-Tragacamntha. Tragacanth. Continued
1. Astragalus Bae'Ticus Astragalus Bae'Ticus. Mediterranean basin; seeds used for coffee. A. exsca'pus; C. and S. Europe, mountains; root mucilaginous, ...
-Santalum Rubrum. Red Saunders
Pterocarpus santalinus, Linne filius. The heart-wood. Habitat. Madras; cultivated in S. India, Ceylon, Philippines. Syn. Santal. Rub.; Br. Pterocarpi Lignum, ...
-Kino. Kino
Pterocarpus Marsupium, Roxburgh. The spontaneously dried juice. Habitat. E. India, in forests; C. and S. India (Malabar), Ceylon, Bengal. Syn. Gummi (Resina) ...
-Glycyrrhiza. Glycyrrhiza
Commercial. - Plants, like lemon and orange, do not thrive in cold latitudes, becoming woody and less sweet, and while formerly the wild owing to hardy, ...
-Glycyrrhiza. Glycyrrhiza. Continued
1. Glycyrrhiza Echina'Ta Glycyrrhiza Echina'Ta. Europe, Hungary, S. Russia; flowers in globular heads, pod ovoid with long spines. G. lepido'ta; United States ( ...
-Scoparius. Scoparius
Sparteinae Sulphas. Sparteine Sulphate, C15H26N2.H2SO4+5H2O, official. Cytisus Scoparius, (Lin-ne) Link. The sulphate of sparteine, a liquid alkaloid from this ...
-Scoparius. Scoparius. Part 2
1. Spar'Tium Jun'Ceum, Spanish Broom Spar'Tium Jun'Ceum, Spanish Broom. Leaves soft, hairy; seeds reniform, properties similar to Cytisus Scoparius; fibres ...
-Scoparius. Scoparius. Part 3
1. Anthrarobin (Desoxyalizarin), C14h10o13 Anthrarobin (Desoxyalizarin), Cho. Obtained from the coal-tar product alizarin by action of nascent hydrogen; it is ...
-Physostigma. Physostigma
Physostigma venenosum, Balfour. The dried ripe seeds, containing .15 p. c. of alkaloids. Habitat. W. Africa (near mouths of Niger and Old Calabar Rivers, in ...
-Physostigma. Physostigma. Continued
1. Mucu'Na Pru'Riens, Cowhage, Cowitch Mucu'Na Pru'Riens, Cowhage, Cowitch. Hairs of the pods, official 1820-1880; E. and W. Indies. Climbing plant, flowers ...
-36. Linaceae. Flax Family
Li-na'se-e. L. Lin-um + aceae, flax, fr. Celtic llin, a thread, whence Gr. L. linum (classic names), Eng. linen - i. e., its fabric. Herbs. Distinguished by ...
-Linum. Linseed
Linum usitatissimum, Linne. The ripe seeds, with not more than 3 p. c. of other seeds, foreign matter. Habitat. C. Asia, Egypt, S. Europe, spontaneous in most ...
-Linum. Linseed. Continued
1. Flaxseed Cake, Oil-Cake Flaxseed Cake, Oil-Cake. Flaxseed when ground yields cake-meal, and this, after being deprived of oil, becomes oil-cake; it still ...
-37. Erythroxylaceae. Coca Family
Er-i-throx-sil-a'se-e. L. Erythroxyl-on + aceae, fr. Gr. red, wood - i. e., some species have red wood. Shrubs, trees. Distinguished by flowers regular, small, ...
-Coca. Coca
Cocaina. Cocaine, official. Erythroxylon Coca, Lamarck, and its varieties. An alkaloid from the leaves. Habitat. Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador - eastern slopes of the ...
-Coca. Coca. Continued
Constituents. - Cocaine (1860) .5-1 p. c., cinnamyl-cocaine, trux-illine (truxil-cocaine, isatropyl-cocaine, cocamine), C19H23NO4 - all three upon hydrolysis ...
-38. Zygophyllaceae. Guaiacum Or Bean-Caper Family
Zi-go-fi-la'se-e. L. Zygophyll-um + aceae, fr. Gr. yoke, + leaf - i. e., leaves foliolate, yoked and in pairs. Herbs, trees, shrubs. Distinguished by flowers, ...
-Guaiacum. Guaiac
Guaiacum officinale, Linne, sanctum, Linne. The resin of the wood. Habitat. 1. West Indies, South America (Jamaica, Haiti, Cuba, Colombia, Venezuela). 2. West ...
-Guaiacum. Guaiac. Continued
1. Guaiacum Angustifo'Lium Guaiacum Angustifo'Lium. S. Texas, Mexico. Wood hard, heavy, splitting irregularly, yellowish-brown. Sometimes substituted for that ...
-39. Rutaceae. Rue Family
Ru-ta'se-e. L. Rut-a + aceae, fern. pl. of rutaceus, of or resembling rue, fr. Gr. to flow - i. e., referring to medicinal properties (female). Trees, herbs, ...
-Xanthoxylum. Xanthoxylum
Xanthoxylum americanum, Miller, Clava-Herculis, Linne. The dried bark. Habitat. North America: 1. Canada to Virginia, N. Carolina; rocky woods, river banks. 2.
-Xanthoxylum. Xanthoxylum. Continued
1. Xanthoxylum Florid'Anum, Satin Wood Xanthoxylum Florid'Anum, Satin Wood. Identical with X, carib'ceum; X. ptero'ta, Florida, Texas, Brazil; wood yellow, ...
-Pilocarpus. Pilocarpus
Pilocarpus Jaborandi, Holmes, microphyllus, Stapf. The dried leaflets, with not more than 5 p. c. of stalks bearing leaflets and stems, other matter, ...
-Pilocarpus. Pilocarpus. Continued
Pilocarpinae Nitras, Pilocarpine Nitrate, C11H16N2O2.HNO3, official. - (Syn., Pilocarpin. Nit.; Fr. Azotate de Pilocarpine; Ger. Pilocarpinum nitricum, ...
-Buchu. Buchu
Barosma betulina, (Thunberg) Bartling et Wendland, serratifolia, (Curtis) Willdenow. The dried leaves, with not more than 10 p. c. of stems, foreign matter.
-Buchu. Buchu. Continued
2. Empleu'Rum Serrula'Tum Empleu'Rum Serrula'Tum. Leaves sometimes mixed with buchu, occasionally constituting the main bulk; may be distinguished by their ...
-Aurantii Amari Cortex. Bitter Orange Peel
Citrus Aurantium, var. amara, Linne. The dried rind of the fruit. Habitat. N. India, cultivated near the Mediterranean Sea, Spain, W. Indies, Madeira, China, S.
-Aurantii Dulcis Cortex. Sweet Orange Peel
Citrus Aurantium, var. sinensis, Gallesio. The outer rind of the fresh, ripe fruit. Habitat. Same as C. Aurantium, var. amara. Syn. Aurant. Dulc. Cort, Curacao, ...
-Limonis Cortex. Lemon Peel
Citrus medica, var. Limonum, (Risso) Hooker filius. The outer rind of the fresh ripe fruit. Habitat. N. India; cultivated in subtropics, Mediterranean Basin, ...
-Limonis Cortex. Lemon Peel. Continued
3. M'Gle Mar'Melos, Bela, Bael, Bengal Quince M'Gle Mar'Melos, Bela, Bael, Bengal Quince. Malabar, Coro-mandel, cultivated in India. Fruit round, size of a ...
-40. Sim Aim Arubaceae. Quassia Family
Sim-a-ru-ba'se-e. L. Simarub-a+ aceae; from native name in Guiana. Shrubs, trees. Distinguished by containing bitter principle, and from allied Rutaceae, by ...
-Quassia. Quassia
Picrasma excelsa, (Swartz) Planchon, Quassia amara, Linne. The wood. Habitat. 1. W. Indies (Jamaica, St. Kitt's, Antigua, St. Vincent. 2. Surinam, W. Indies, ...
-Quassia. Quassia. Continued
3. Me'Lia Azed'Arach, Margosa Bark, Pride Of India Me'Lia Azed'Arach, Margosa Bark, Pride Of India. Meliaceae. The bark of the root, official 1820-1890; China, ...
-41. Burseraceae (Amyridaceae). Myrrh (Frankincense) Family
Ber-se-ra'se-e. L. Burser-a + aceae, after Joachim Burser, German botanist, at Naples, 17th century. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by secreting fragrant gum- ...
-Myrrha. Myrrh
Commiphora (Myrrha), one or more species. A gum-resin. Habitat. E. Africa, S. W. Arabia, Somali country, around Hurrur; 450-900 M. (1500-3000 ) elevation. Syn.
-Myrrha. Myrrh. Continued
1. Commiphora (Balsamoden'Dron) Opobal'Samum, Bal'Samum Gil-Eaden'Se, Balm Of Gilead, Mecca Gum, Indian Bdellium Commiphora (Balsamoden'Dron) Opobal'Samum, Bal' ...
-42. Polygalaceae. Milkwort Family
Pol-i-ga-la'se-e. L. Polygal-a + aceae, fr. Gr. much, + milk - i. e., believed to increase lacteal secretion m female animals. Shrubs, herbs. Distinguished by ...
-Senega. Senega
Polygala Senega, Linne. The dried roots, with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. United States, in woods and rocky soil; Can. to S. Ca., ...
-Senega. Senega. Continued
1. Polygala Al'Ba, White, Texas Or False Senega Polygala Al'Ba, White, Texas Or False Senega. West of Mississippi River; root 6 Mm. (1/4') thick, resembling ...
-43. Euphorbiaceae. Spurge Family
U-for-bi-a'se-e. L. Euvhorhi-a, + areae. Gr. well fed, fr. well, + to feed, after Euphorbus, physician to Juba, king of Mauritania. Trees, shrubs, herbs.
-Croton Tiglium. Croton Oil Plant
Oleum Tiglii. Croton Oil, official. Croton Tiglium, Linne. A fixed oil expressed from the seeds. Habitat. India, Philippine Islands, (Ceylon, Borneo, Japan, ...
-Croton Tiglium. Croton Oil Plant. Continued
1. Croton Elute'Ria, Cascarilla Croton Elute'Ria, Cascarilla. The dried bark, official 1820-1900; Bahama Islands. Plant 1.5-6 M. (5-20 ) high, stem, 2.5-20 Cm.
-Ricinus. Castor Oil Plant
Oleum Ricini. Castor Oil. official. Ricinus communis, Linne. A fixed oil obtained from the seeds. Habitat. India; cultivated in tropics; India, Italy, Spain, ...
-Ricinus. Castor Oil Plant. Continued
1. Ompha'Lea Oleif'Era, Tambor Oil Ompha'Lea Oleif'Era, Tambor Oil. C. America. Expressed from the seeds; an excellent purgative, does not gripe like castor ...
-Stillingia. Stillingia
Stillingia sylvatica, Linne. The dried roots. Habitat. S. United States, in sandy soil, pine barrens (Virginia to Florida, Louisiana). Syn. Stilling., Queen's ...
-Stillingia. Stillingia. Part 2
2. Euphor'Bia Corolla'Ta, Flowering (Blooming) Spurge Euphor'Bia Corolla'Ta, Flowering (Blooming) Spurge. The root official 1820-1880; S. United States.
-Stillingia. Stillingia. Part 3
5. Flemin'Gia Rhodocar'Pa, Wars, Wurrus Flemin'Gia Rhodocar'Pa, Wars, Wurrus. Ar. for saffron; Papil-ionaceae; E. Africa. This is a deep purple powder, coarser ...
-Stillingia. Stillingia. Part 4
8. Pista'Cia Lentis'Cus, Mastiche, Mastic Pista'Cia Lentis'Cus, Mastiche, Mastic. The concrete resinous exudation, official 1840-1910; Mediterranean Basin ( ...
-Stillingia. Stillingia. Part 5
10. Flex Verticilla'Ta (Pri'Nos Verticilla'Tus), Prinos, Black Alder, Winter-Berry Flex Verticilla'Ta (Pri'Nos Verticilla'Tus), Prinos, Black Alder, Winter- ...
-44. Sapindaceae. Soapberry (Wort) Family
Sap-in-da'se-e. L. Sapind-us + aceae, fr. sap(o) + ind(ic)us, Indian soap - i. e., from its saponaceous fruit. Trees, shrubs, herbs, often twining.
-Guarana. Guarana
Paullinia Cupana, Kunth. A dried paste consisting chiefly of the crushed seeds, containing 4 p. c. of caffeine. Habitat. N. and W. Brazil, Guiana, Venezuela - ...
-45. Rhamnaceae. Buckthorn Family
Ram-na'se-e. L. Rhamn-us + aceae, Gr. the buckthorn, Christ's-thorn, fr. Celtic ram, a tuft of branches - i. e., collection of thorns, some species thorny.
-Frangula. Frangula
Rhamnus Frangula, Linne. The dried bark. Habitat. Europe, N. Asia; hedges, bushy places. Syn. Frang., Buckthorn Bark, Alder (European) Buckthorn, Black (Alder) ...
-Frangula. Frangula. Continued
1. Rhamnus Cathar'Tica, Buckthorn Rhamnus Cathar'Tica, Buckthorn. The nearly ripe fruit (berries), official 1820-1840, Europe, N. Asia, naturalized in N.
-Cascara Sagrada. Cascara Sagrada
Rhamnus Purshiana, De Candolle. The dried bark of the trunk and branches. Habitat. N. Idaho, west to the Pacific (N. California). Syn. Case. Sagr., Rhamnus ...
-Cascara Sagrada. Cascara Sagrada. Continued
1. Rhamnus Califor'Nica Rhamnus Califor'Nica. California, Mexico. Plant, also called locally cascara sagrada, is smaller than R. Purshiana, and has bark ...
-46. Malvaceae. Mallow Family
Mal-va'se-e. L. Malv-a + aceae, fern. pl. of malvaceus, of mallows: malva, mallow, fr. Gr. soft, mild - i. e., owing to its emollient properties or soft, downy ...
-Althaea. Althaea
Althaea officinalis, Linne. The root deprived of brown, corky layer and small roots, and carefully dried. Habitat. Europe, Western and Northern Asia; ...
-Althaea. Althaea. Continued
1. Althoea Ro'Sea, Hollyhock Althoea Ro'Sea, Hollyhock. Levant. Petals used; formerly cultivated in gardens. Flowers (Flores Malvoe Arboreoe) 7.5-12.5 Cm. (3- ...
-Gossypium. Cotton
1. Gossypium Purificatum. Purified Cotton. 2. Oleum Gossypii Seminis. Cottonseed oil. Gossypinin herbaceum, Linne: one or more cultivated varieties. 1. The ...
-Gossypium. Cotton. Continued
1. Gossypii (Radicis) Cortex, Cotton Root Bark, Official 1860-1910 Gossypii (Radicis) Cortex, Cotton Root Bark, Official -. It is in thin, flexible bands, ...
-47. Sterculiaceae. Silk Cotton Family
Ster-ku-li-a'se-e. L. Sterculi-a + aceae, from stercus, excrement, Sterculius - God of - i. e., named from the fetid flowers or fruit of certain species. Trees, ...
-Theobroma. Cacao (Chocolate Tree)
Oleum Theobromatis. Oil of Theobroma, official. Theobroma Cacao, Linne. A concrete, fixed oil obtained from the roasted seeds. Habitat. S. America (Brazil), C.
-Theobroma. Cacao (Chocolate Tree). Continued
2. Theobromine (Dimethylxanthine), C7h8n4o2 Theobromine (Dimethylxanthine), Chno. This is obtained by exhausting the kernels with hot water, straining, ...
-48. Theaceae (TernstroeMiaceae). Tea Family
The-a'se-e. L. The-a + aceae, tea, fr. Chinese Teh or Toha - i. e., native name simulating Dea, God. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by alternate leaves; large ...
-Genus: 1. Thea. Thea. Tea
Caffeina, Caffeine (Theine), C8H10N4O2+ H2O, official. Thea sinensis, Linne, and Coffea arabica, Linne. A feeble basic substance (alkaloid) from the leaves of ...
-49. Guttiferae (Clusiaceae). Gamboge (Mangosteen)
Gut-tif'e-re. L. fern. pl. Guttifer - gutta, a drop, + ferre, to bear - i. e., plants yield gum or resinous substances (juice) in drops. Trees or shrubs, ...
-Cambogia. Gamboge
Garcinia Hanburii, Hooker filius. A gum-resin. Habitat. Annam, Camboja (Cambodia), Siam, Cochin-China. Syn. Cambog., Pipe Gamboge, Gummi-resina Guttae (Gutti), ...
-Cambogia. Gamboge. Part 2
2. Canel'La Winter-A'Na (Al'Ba), Canelloe Cortex, White Cinnamon Canel'La Winter-A'Na (Al'Ba), Canelloe Cortex, White Cinnamon. Canellaceae. The dried inner ...
-Cambogia. Gamboge. Part 3
7. Lophoph'Ora (Anhalo'Nium) Lewin'II, Mescale Lophoph'Ora (Anhalo'Nium) Lewin'II, Mescale. Mexico. This small plant yields the mescale buttons, which are used ...
-50. Tiiymelaeaceae. Mezerecon Family
Thim-e-le-a'se-e. L. Thymelae-a + aceae, Gr. a plant, fr. courage (thyme), + olive tree (oil), referring to the reviv-, ing odor; or to perfume, being used in ...
-Mezereum. Mezereum
Daphne Mezereum, Linni, Gniditiin, Linne, Laureola, Linne. The dried bark. Habitat. Europe, mountainous regions, (Siberia, spontaneous in Canada, New England; ...
-Mezereum. Mezereum. Continued
1. Daphne Salicifo'Lia Daphne Salicifo'Lia. The leaves, Mexico; used natively as a vesicant. 2. Fruits of the various species contain 31 p. c. of fixed oil.
-51. Lytiiraceae (Puniceceae). Loosestrife Family
Lith-ra'se-e. L. Lythr-um + aceae, fr. Gr. gore - i. e., from its purple flowers. Herbs, shrubs, often 4-sided; distinguished by containing astringent ...
-Granatum. Pomegranate
Punica Granatum, Linne. The dried bark of the stems and roots, with not more than 2 p. c. of wood, foreign matter. Habitat. S. W. Asia, India, Persia, Arabia, ...
-52. Myrtaceae. Myrtle Family
Mer-ta'se-e. L. Myrt-us + aceae, Gr. myrtle, fr. perfume - i. e., characteristic of some species. Trees, shrubs; distinguished by aromatic, pungent properties ( ...
-Cajuputum. Cajuput
Oleum Cajuputi. Oil of Cajuput, official. Melaleuca Leucadendron, Linne, var. Cajeputi, var. minor. A volatile oil distilled from the fresh leaves and twigs.
-Caryophyllus. Clove
Eugenia aromatica, (Linne) Kuntze. The dried flower-buds, with not more than 5 p. c. of peduncles, stems, foreign matter. Habitat. Molucca (Spice or Clove) ...
-Caryophyllus. Clove. Continued
1. Eugenia Jambola'Na, Jambul, Java Plum Eugenia Jambola'Na, Jambul, Java Plum. E. Indies. Large tree producing edible fruit; all parts astringent, but seed ...
-Pimenta. Pimenta
Oleum Pimentae. Oil of Pimenta, official. Pirnenta officinalis, Lindlay. (Pimenta Pimenta, (Linne Lyons.) A volatile oil, distilled from the fruit. Habitat. C.
-Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus globulus, Labillardiere. The dried leaves, collected from older parts of the tree, with not more than 3 p. c of stems, fruits, foreign matter.
-Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus. Continued
6. Ara'Lia Spino'Sa, Hercules' Club, Prickly Elder Ara'Lia Spino'Sa, Hercules' Club, Prickly Elder. Araliaceae. The bark, official 1820-1880; N. America.
-53. Umbelliferae. Parsley (Carrot) Family
Um-bel-lif'e-re. L. Umbellifer-oe - umbella, umbel, + ferre, to bear - i. e., flowers borne in umbels. Herbs, shrubs. Distinguished by possessing aromatic, ...
-Petroselinum. Parsley Fruit
Petrosolinum sativum, Hoffman. (Petroselinum Petroselinum, (Linne) Lyons). The dried ripe fruit, with not more than 5 p. c. of foreign seeds, other matter.
-Petroselinum. Parsley Fruit. Continued
1. Ap'Ium (Carum - Petroselinum) Grave'Olens, Apii Fructus, Celery (Fruit) Ap'Ium (Carum - Petroselinum) Grave'Olens, Apii Fructus, Celery (Fruit). S. Europe, ...
-Carum. Caraway
Carirm Carvi (Carui), Linne. The dried fruit, with not more than 3 p. c. of other fruits, seeds, foreign matter. Habitat. C. and W. Asia, Himalayas, Caucasus, ...
-Anisum. Anise
Pimpinella Anisum, Linne. The dried ripe fruit with not more than 3 p. c. of foreign seeds, other vegetable matter. Habitat. W. Asia, Egypt, S. E. Europe; ...
-Foeniculum. Fennel
Foeniculum vulgare, Miller. The dried, ripe fruit of cultivated varieties, with not more than 4 p. c. of foreign matter. Habitat. S. Europe, W. Asia; ...
-Coriandrum. Coriander
Coriandrum sativum, Linne. The dried ripe fruit, with not more than 5 p. c. of other fruits, seeds, foreign matter. Habitat. C. Asia, S. Europe (China, Italy; ...
-Coriandrum. Coriander. Continued
1. Aethu'Sa Cyna'Pium, Fool's Parsley, Small Hemlock Aethu'Sa Cyna'Pium, Fool's Parsley, Small Hemlock. . - Leaves non-poisonous, and sometimes carelessly ...
-Asafoetida. Asafetida
Ferula Asafoetida, Linne, foetida, (Bunge) Regel, and other species. The gum-resin from the rhizome and roots, containing 60 (powdered 50) p. c. of alcohol- ...
-Asafoetida. Asafetida. Continued
1. Ferula Nar'Thex (Narthex Assafoetida); Official 1820-1890 Ferula Nar'Thex (Narthex Assafoetida); Official -. This plant is almost identical with F. foetida, ...
-Sumbul. Sumbul
Ferula Sumbul, (Kauffmann) Hooker filius. The rhizome and roots. Habitat. C. and N. W. Asia; Turkestan, Bucharia, Russia, E. Siberia; mountains, 900-1200 M. ( ...
-Sumbul. Sumbul. Continued
1. Dore'Ma Ammoni'Acum, Ammoniacum, Ammoniac Dore'Ma Ammoni'Acum, Ammoniacum, Ammoniac. The gum-resin, official 1820-1900; E. Persia, Turkestan. Plant of ...
-Series 2: Gamopetalae. Petals more or less united, rarely separate or wanting. 54. Ericaceae. Heath Family
Er-i-ka'se-e. L. Eric-a + aceae, Gr. heath, fr. to break - i. e., because some species break or dissolve stone in the bladder. Shrubs, small trees.
-Gaultheria. Gaultheria
Methylis Salicylas. Methyl Salicylate, official. Gaultheria procumbens, Linne, Betula lenta, Linne. An ester (compound ether) obtained by distilling leaves of ...
-Gaultheria. Gaultheria. Continued
1. Chimaph'Ila Umbella'Ta, Pipsissewa, Prince's Pine Chimaph'Ila Umbella'Ta, Pipsissewa, Prince's Pine. Pyrolaceae. The dried leaves, official 1830-1910; N.
-Uva Ursi. Uva Ursi
Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi, (Linne) Sprengel. The dried leaves with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. Europe, Asia, N. America, United ...
-Uva Ursi. Uva Ursi. Continued
1. Arctostaphylos Glau'Ca, Manzanita Arctostaphylos Glau'Ca, Manzanita. California mountains, small tree; leaves 5 Cm. (2') long; contains arbutin, tannin 10 p.
-55. Styracaceae. Storax Family
Sti-ra-ka'se-e. L. Styr-ax(ac) + aceae, Gr. a tree yielding gum, an alteration of native Ar. name Assthirak. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by yielding stimulant ...
-Benzoinum. Benzoin
Styrax Benzoin, Dryander, and other species. The balsamic resin. Habitat. East Indies - Sumatra, Siam, Java, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Laos; cultivated; grown ...
-56. Oleaceae. Olive Family
O-le-a'se-e. L. Ole-a + acese, Gr. olive tree, oleum, oil - i. e., referring to the oleaginous fruit. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by stamens 2-4, inserted on ...
-Olea. Olive
Oleum Olivae. Olive Oil, official. Olca europaea, Linne. A fixed oil obtained from the ripe fruit. Habitat. Asia, S. Europe (Spain, Portugal, Asia Minor, Syria, ...
-Manna. Manna
Fraxinus Ornus, Linne. The dried saccharine exudation. Habitat. Mediterranean Basin, Asia Minor to Spain; Sicily, France, Italy. Syn. Manna (Flowering) Ash, ...
-Manna. Manna. Continued
1. Fraxinus America'Na, Fraxinus, White Ash Bark Fraxinus America'Na, Fraxinus, White Ash Bark. United States; tree 18-24 M. (60-80 ) high, durable, tough wood, ...
-57. Loganiaceae. Logania Family
Lo-ga-ni-a'se-e. L. Logani-a + aceae, after J. Logan, a noted botanist. Shrubs, herbs, trees. Distinguished by poisonous properties; leaves entire, stipulate ...
-Gelsemium. Gelsemium
Gelsemium sempervirens, (Linne) Alton filius. The dried rhizome and roots. Habitat. United States, southward, Va. to Fla., Ala.; rich, moist soil - woodlands.
-Spigelia. Spigelia
Spigelia marylandica, Linne. The dried rhizome and roots with not more than 10 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. United States, Maryland, southward, ...
-Spigelia. Spigelia. Continued
2. Phlox' Caroli'Na, Carolina Or Georgia Pink Phlox' Caroli'Na, Carolina Or Georgia Pink. This has a knotty and lighter colored rhizome with a central pith; it ...
-Nux Vomica. Nux Vomica
Strychnos Nux-vomica, Linne. The dried, ripe seeds, containing 2.5 p. c. of alkaloids. Habitat. India, Hindustan, E. India islands, Malabar, Ceylon, Java, N.
-Nux Vomica. Nux Vomica. Part 2
Strychninae Nitras, Strychnine Nitrate, C21H22N2O2.HNO3, official. - (Syn., Strych. Nit.; Fr. Azotate (Nitrate) de Strychnine; Gei. Strychninum nitricum, ...
-Nux Vomica. Nux Vomica. Part 3
Unoff. Preps.: Elixir Strychnine Valerate - strychnine valerate, .0175 Gm. dist. water .5, tinct. of vanilla 1.5, comp. tinct. of cudbear 1.5, aromatic elixir ...
-58. Gentianaceae. Gentian Family
Jen-shia-na'se-e. L. Gentian-a + aceae, fr. Gr. - i. e., after Gentius, King of Illyria, who first discovered and experienced its virtues. Herbs, shrubs.
-Gentiana. Gentian
Gentiana lutea, Linne. The dried rhizome and roots. Habitat. C. and S. Europe (France, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Portugal, England); mountainous districts.
-Gentiana. Gentian. Continued
1. Gentiana Elliot'Tii (Catesboe'I), Elliott's Gentian Gentiana Elliot'Tii (Catesboe'I), Elliott's Gentian. The root, official 1820-1880; United States, grassy ...
-59. Apocynaceae. Dogbane Family
A-pos-i-na'se-e. L. Apocyn-um + acese, fr. Gr. from, away, + a dog - i. e., drives away or kills dogs, hence dogbane. Trees, shrubs. Distinguished by being ...
-Strophanthus. Strophanthus
Strophanthus. Strophanthus Strophanthus Kombe, Oliver, The dried, ripe seeds, deprived of the long awn. hispid us, De Candolle. ' Habitat. Tropical Africa ( ...
-Strophanthus. Strophanthus. Continued
1. Strophanthus Dichot'Omus, False Strophanthus Seeds Strophanthus Dichot'Omus, False Strophanthus Seeds. These are chestnut-brown and less densely covered ...
-Aspidosperma. Aspidosperma
Aspidosperma Quebracho-bianco, Schlechtendal. The dried bark, with not more than 2 p. c. of wood, foreign matter, etc. Habitat. S. America; Argentine Republic, ...
-Aspidosperma. Aspidosperma. Continued
1. Quebracho Colorado (Loxopteryg'Ium Lorent'Zii - Red Quebracho) Quebracho Colorado (Loxopteryg'Ium Lorent'Zii - Red Quebracho). S. America, Bark checkered, ...
-60. Convolvulaceae. Morning-Glory Family
Kon-vol-vu-la'se-e. L. Convohul-us + acese, fr. convolvere, to roll together, entwine - i. e., referring to stem's twining habit. Herbs, shrubs. Distinguished ...
-Jalapa. Jalap
Exogonium purga, (Wenderoth) Bentham. The dried tuberous root, containing 7 p. c. of the total resins. Habitat. E. Mexico, in damp, rich, shady woods; ...
-Jalapa. Jalap. Continued
1. Ipomoe'A Pandura'Ta (Convolvulus Pandura'Tus), Wild Potato Or Jalap, Man Root, Man Of The Earth Ipomoe'A Pandura'Ta (Convolvulus Pandura'Tus), Wild Potato ...
-Scammoniae Radix. Scammony Root
Convolvulus Scammonia, Linne. The dried root, containing 8 p. c. of resins. Habitat. W. Asia (Syria, Asia Minor, Anatolia), Greece (Archipelago); cultivated.
-61. Hydrophyllaceae. Waterleaf Family
Hi-dro-fll-la'se-e. L. Hydronlnill'um + aceae, fr. Gr. water, + L. folium, a leaf - i. e., each leaf has a cavity for holding water. Herbs, shrubs, small trees.
-Eriodictyon. Eriodictyon
Eriodictyon californicum, (Hooker et Arnott) Greene. The dried leaves, with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. California, Northern ...
-62. Labiatae. Labiate (Mint) Family
La-bi-a'te. L. Labi-um(-a) + atae , fern. pl. of labiatus, lip, lips, lipped - i. e., referring to the irregular or lipped corolla. Herbs, shrubs.
-Thymus. Thyme
Oleum Thymi. Oil of Thyme, official. Thymus vulgaris, Linne. A volatile oil distilled from the flowering plant, containing 20 p. c, by volume, of phenols.
-Thymus. Thyme. Part 2
1. Scutellaria Lateriflora, (Mad-Dog) Skullcap Scutellaria Lateriflora, (Mad-Dog) Skullcap. The dried plant, official 1860-1910; N. America, United States, ...
-Thymus. Thyme. Part 3
3. Nep'Eta Cata'Ria, Catnep, Catnip, Catmint Nep'Eta Cata'Ria, Catnep, Catnip, Catmint. The dried leaves and flowering tops, official 1840-1880; Asia, Europe; ...
-Thymus. Thyme. Part 4
5. Monar'Du Puncta'Ta, Horse-Mint Monar'Du Puncta'Ta, Horse-Mint. The leaves and tops, official 1820-1880; United States. Perennial, .6-1 M. (2-3 ) high, stem ...
-Thymus. Thyme. Part 5
8. Hysso'Pus Officinalis, Hyssop Hysso'Pus Officinalis, Hyssop. S. Europe. Plant .3 M. (1 ) high, stem square, leaves 2.5 Cm. (1') long, punctate on both sides, ...
-Mentha Viridis. Spearmint
Mentha spicata Linne. (Mentha viridis, Linne.) The dried leaves and flowering tops. Habitat. England, wild in Europe, N. America; cultivated in the United ...
-Mentha Viridis. Spearmint. Continued
1. Mentha Cris'Pa, Crisped-Leaved, Cross Or Curled Mint Mentha Cris'Pa, Crisped-Leaved, Cross Or Curled Mint. This is the cultivated form of M. spicata ( ...
-Mentha Piperita. Peppermint
Mentha piperita, Linne. The dried leaves and flowering tops. Habitat. Asia, Europe, N. America; wild in low ground, wet places; cultivated in Japan, Germany, ...
-Lavandula. Lavender
Oleum Lavandulae. Oil of Lavender, official. Lavandula vera, De Candolle. A volatile oil distilled from the fresh flowering tops. Habitat. S. Europe (France, ...
-Rosmarinus. Rosemary
Oleum Rosmarini. Oil of Rosemary, official. Rosmarinus officinalis, Linne. A volatile oil distilled from the fresh flowering tops. Habitat. Mediterranean Basin ...
-63. Solanaceae. Nightshade (Potato) Family
Sol-a-na'se-e. L. Solan-um + aceae, fr. sol, the sun - i. e., plants dislike sunlight, grow best in the shade, hence nightshade; or solor, to comfort - i. e., ...
-Capsicum. Capsicum
Capsicum frutesccns, Linne. The dried fruits, with not more than 2 p. c. of stems, calyxes, other foreign matter. Habitat. S. and C. America (Cayenne in Guiana) ...
-Capsicum. Capsicum. Continued
1. Capsicum An'Nuum (Ion'Gum) Capsicum An'Nuum (Ion'Gum). Fruit, official 1820-1880; Fruit 5-10 Cm. (2-4') long, 2.5-4 Cm. (1-1 3/5') thick, oblong, conical, ...
-Belladonna. Belladonna
1. Belladonnae Folia. Belladonna Leaves. 2. Belladonnae Radix. Belladonna Root. Atropa Belladonna, Linne. 1. The dried leaves and tops, with not more than 10 p.
-Belladonna. Belladonna. Part 2
Atropina, Atropine, C17H23NO3, official. - (Syn., Atrop., Atropia; Fr. Atropine; Ger. Atropinum, Atropin.) This alkaloid in commerce always contains a little ...
-Belladonna. Belladonna. Part 3
Manufacture: Pilular, macerate percolate 100 Gm. with 75 p. c. alcohol until exhausted (300 Ml. (Cc.)), reclaim alcohol, evaporate residue at 70 C. (158 F.) to ...
-Belladonna. Belladonna. Continued
1. Sco'Pola Carniol'Ica, Scopola Sco'Pola Carniol'Ica, Scopola. The dried rhizome containing .5 p. c. of mydriatic alkaloids, official 1900-1910; C. Europe, ...
-Hyoscyamus
Hyoscyamus niger, Linne. The dried leaves and flowering or fruiting tops, containing not less than .065 p. c. of alkaloids. Habitat. Europe, Asia, waste places, ...
-Hyoscyamus. Part 2
Scopolamine (Hyoscine, Amorphous Hyoscyamine), C17H21NO4. This exists in various plants of the Solanaceae, being chemically and otherwise identical with ...
-Stramonium. Stramonium
Datura Stramonium, Linne, Tatula, Linne. The dried leaves, with not more than 10 p. c. of stems, foreign matter, containing .25 p. c. of alkaloids. Habitat.
-Stramonium. Stramonium. Continued
1. Datura Fastuo'Sa Ial'Ba); India Datura Fastuo'Sa Ial'Ba); India. Used there as a criminal poison; capsule small, subglobular, spinous, seeds yellowish-brown, ...
-64. Scrophulariaceae. Figwort Family
Skrof-u-la-ri-a'se-e. L. Scrophulari-a + acese - i. e., from its efficacy in scrofula. Herbs, rarely shrubs. Distinguished by stamens 2-4-5, didynamous or 2 ...
-Digitalis
Digitalis purpurea, Linne . The carefully dried leaves, with not more than 2 p. c. of stems, flowers, foreign matter. Habitat. W. and C. Europe; in sandy soil, ...
-Digitalis. Part 2
Digitalin, Digitalinum. - This is claimed not to exist as such in the drug, although that name has been given to the once supposed important content, which, in ...
-Digitalis. Part 3
Allied Plants: 1. Veron'Ica Virgin'Ica, Leptandra, Culver's-Root (-Physic) Veron'Ica Virgin'Ica, Leptandra, Culver's-Root (-Physic). The dried rhizome and ...
-65. Pedaliaceae. Pedalium Family
Pe-da-li-a'se-e. L. Pedali-wn(on) + aceae, fr. Gr. a rudder - i. e., named in allusion to the dilated angles of the fruit. Herbs, distinguished by being ...
-Sesamum. Benne
Oleum Sesami. Sesame Oil. official. Sesauium indicum, LinnE, one or more cultivated varieties. A fixed oil obtained from the seeds. Habitat. India (Africa, ...
-66. Rubiaceae. Madder Family
Ru-bi-a'se-e. L. Rubi-a + aceae, madder, fr. rubeus, rubere, red - i. e., referring to color of the roots. Trees, shrubs, herbs. Distinguished by versatility ...
-Caffea. Coffee
Caffeina. Caffeine, C8H10N4O2 + H2O, official. Coffea arabica, Ldnni, and Thea sinensis, Linne. A feebly basic substance (alkaloid) from the seeds of the ...
-Caffea. Coffee. Continued
2. Co'La Acumina'Ta, Cola Nut Co'La Acumina'Ta, Cola Nut. Sterculiaceae. W. Africa (see page 100); seeds contain caffeine 2 p. c, theobromine, tannin, volatile ...
-Ipecacuanha. Ipecac
Cephaclis Ipecacuanha, (Brotero) A. Richard, acuminata, Karsten. The dried root, with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter, containing 1.75 p. c. of ...
-Ipecacuanha. Ipecac. Part 2
Commercial. - Sound ipecac in quality is proportionate to the thickness of the bark (75-90 p. c), and the thinness of the wood (10-25 p. a), as most of the ...
-Ipecacuanha. Ipecac. Part 3
Allied Plants: 1. Psycho'Tri A Emet'Ica, Striated Ipecac Psycho'Tri A Emet'Ica, Striated Ipecac. Root 6 Mm. (1/4') thick, longitudinally wrinkled, not annulate, ...
-Cinchona. Cinchona
1. Cinchona. Cinchona. 2. Cinchona Rubra. Red Cinchona. Cinchona Ledgeriana, + hybrids, Moens, Calisaya, + hybrids, Weddell, succirubra, + hybrids, Pavon, and ...
-Cinchona. Cinchona. Continued
Fig. 378. - Calisaya bark, showing digital furrow and short fibrous fracture. Fig. 379. - Calisaya bark: radial longitudinal section through liber, showing ...
-Cinchona. Cinchona. Part 2
2. Cultivated India Bark Cultivated India Bark. This is cared for and collected in several ways: 1, Urooting, which consists in pulling up and barking the ...
-Cinchona. Cinchona. Part 2. Part 2
Quininae Hydrochloridum, Quinine Hydrochloride, C20H24N2O2.-HC1 + 2H2O, official. - (Syn., Quin. Hydrochl., Quinine Chloride, Quininae Hydrochloras, Muriate of ...
-Cinchona. Cinchona. Part 2. Part 3
Fig. 388.' - Quinidine sulphate with KSCy: microscopic crystals. Fig. 389. - Cinchonine sulphate with KSCy: microscopic crystals Chinin.) Obtained by ...
-Cinchona. Cinchona. Part 2. Part 4
Quinami(n)a, Quinamine, C19H24N2O2. - In long white prisms, non-fluorescent, nearly tasteless, acid solution very bitter, soluble in ether, hot alcohol.
-Cinchona. Cinchona. Part 3
1. Maracaibo Or Hard Yellow Bark (C Cordifo'Lia) Maracaibo Or Hard Yellow Bark (C Cordifo'Lia). This constitutes nearly all of the wild-grown bark; contains 2.
-Gambir. Gambir
Ourouparia Gambir, (Hunter) Baillon. A dried extract prepared from decoctions of the leaves and twigs. Habitat. E. India Islands. Syn. Pale Catechu, Catechu ...
-67. Caprifoliaceae. Honeysuckle Family
Kap-ri-fo-li-a'se-e. L. Caprifoli-um + aceae - caper, a goat, + folium, leaf - i. e., referring to the climbing and capering plant-habit, like a goat. Trees, ...
-Viburnum Prunifolium. Viburnum Prunifolium
Viburnum prunifoliiiin. Linne, Lentago, Linne. The dried bark, with not more than 5 p. c. of wood, foreign matter. Habitat. United States, New York to'Florida, ...
-Viburnum Prunifolium. Viburnum Prunifolium. Continued
1. Viburnum Op'Ulus; Cramp Bark, High Cranberry Viburnum Op'Ulus; Cramp Bark, High Cranberry. The dried bark (of the stem), official 1890-1910; United States, ...
-68. Valerianaceae. Valerian Family
Va-le-ri-a-na'se-e. L. Valerian-a + aceae, fr. Valerianus or Valerius, who first used it in medicine - valere, to be strong, healthful - i. e., its odor and ...
-Valeriana. Valerian
Valeriana officinalis, Linne. The dried rhizome and roots. Habitat. Europe, N. Asia, in moist as well as dry localities, banks of streams; naturalized in New ...
-Valeriana. Valerian. Continued
1. Valeriana Phu' Valeriana Phu'. W. Asia, S. Europe; tall perennial; rhizome (Radix Valeriana Majoris) is 10-15 Cm. (4-6') long, 12 Mm. (1/2') thick, ...
-69. Cucurbitaceae. Gourd Family
Ku-ker-bi-ta'se-e. L. Cucurbit-a + aceae, a gourd, fr. curvitas, crookedness - i. e., referring to the fruit's shape. Herbs. Distinguished by possessing acrid, ...
-Pepo. Pepo
Cucurbita Pepo, Linne. The dried ripe seeds of cultivated varieties with not more than 5 p. c. of other substances. Habitat. Tropical Asia, America; cultivated.
-Colocynthis. Colocynth
Citriillus Colocynthis, (Linne) Schrader. The dried pulp of fruit, with not more than 5 p. c. of seeds or 2 p. c. of epicarp. Habitat. S. and W. Asia, N. and S.
-Ecballium. Squirting Cucumber
Elaterinum. Elaterin, C20H28O5, official. Ecballium Elaterium, (Linne) A. Richard. A principle from Elaterium, a substance deposited by the juice of the fruit.
-70. Campanulaceae. Bell-Flower Family
Kam-pan-u-la'se-e. L. Campanul-a + aceae, dim. of campana, a bell - i. e., from the resemblance of the corolla. Herbs, shrubs. Distinguished by alternate ...
-Lobelia. Lobelia
Lobelia inflata, Linne. The dried leaves and flowering tops, with not more than 10 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. N. America (Canada, United States), ...
-Lobelia. Lobelia. Continued
1. Lobelia Syphilitica, Great Lobelia Lobelia Syphilitica, Great Lobelia. Stem .6-1 M. (2-3 ) high; flowers large, 2.5 Cm. (1') long, beautiful blue; ...
-71. Cichorlaceae. Chicory Family
Si-ko-ri-a'se-e. L. Cichori-um + aceae, Gr. fr. Egypt. chikouryeh, chichory, chicory, succory - i. e., the original Ara-bic name of the characteristic plant.
-Taraxacum. Taraxacum
Taraxacum officinale, Weber. The dried rhizome and roots. Habitat. Europe (naturalized in N. America); grassy places, roadsides, pastures, fields. Syn. Tarax., ...
-Taraxacum. Taraxacum. Continued
1. Cicho'Rium In'Tybus, Chicory Cicho'Rium In'Tybus, Chicory. Europe, naturalized in United States. Root with laticiferous vessels radiate, also is whiter, ...
-Lactucarium. Lactucarium
Lactuca virosa, Linne. The dried milk-juice. Habitat. C. and S. Europe, W. Siberia, naturalized in New England; cultivated. Syn. Lactucar., Acrid Lettuce, Wild ...
-Lactucarium. Lactucarium. Continued
1. Lactuca Canadensis (Elonga'Ta), Wild Lettuce Lactuca Canadensis (Elonga'Ta), Wild Lettuce. The herb, official 1820-1850; N. America. Herb 1.3-3 M. (4-10 ) ...
-72. Compositae. Composite (Thistle) Family
Kom-poz'i-te. L. Composit-us + ae, pp. of componere, compounded - i. e., referring to the two kinds of florets (ray and disk) composing each flower-head. Herbs, ...
-Grindelia. Grindelia
Grindelia camporum, Greene, cunoifolia, Nuttall, squarrosa, (Pursh) Dundl. The dried leaves and flowering tops, with not more than 10 p. c. of stems, foreign ...
-Grindelia. Grindelia. Part 2
2. Eupato'Rium Perfolia'Tum, Boneset, Thorovghwort Eupato'Rium Perfolia'Tum, Boneset, Thorovghwort. The dried leaves and flowering tops, official 1820-1910; X.
-Grindelia. Grindelia. Part 3
6. Gnapha'Lium Obtusifo'Lium (Polyceph'Alum), Common, Sweet, Or Fragrant Life Everlasting Gnapha'Lium Obtusifo'Lium (Polyceph'Alum), Common, Sweet, Or Fragrant ...
-Grindelia. Grindelia. Part 4
11. Achille'A Millefolium, Yarrow, Milfoil Achille'A Millefolium, Yarrow, Milfoil. The leaves and flowering tops, official 1860-1880; N. America. Perennial ...
-Matricaria. Matricaria
Matricaria Chamomilla, Linni. The dried flower-heads, with not more than 5 p. c. of stems, foreign matter. Habitat. Europe, W. Asia, naturalized in Australia; ...
-Pyrethrum. Pyrethrum
Anacyclus Pyrethrum, (Linne) De Candolle. The dried root. Habitat. N. Africa, Algeria, Barbary - high lands; cultivated in gardens. Syn. Pyreth., Pellitory ...
-Pyrethrum. Pyrethrum. Continued
1. Anacyclus Officina'Rum, German Pellitory Anacyclus Officina'Rum, German Pellitory. Cultivated in Saxony, Bohemia, Prussia, near Magdeburg, and is considered ...
-Santonica. Santonica
Santoninum. Santonin, C15H18O3, official. Artemisia pauciflora, (Ledebour) Weber. The inner anhydride (lactone) of santonic acid. Habitat. N. Turkestan, Russia, ...
-Santonica. Santonica. Continued
2. Indian Wormseed Indian Wormseed. Europe. Only half size of santonica, hairy and more yellow. The American wormseed are often substituted for santonica, but ...
-Arnica. Arnica
Arnica moutana, Linne. The dried flower-heads. Habitat. Europe - Germany, Switzerland (Alps, Pyrenees) - N. Asia, N. W. America; in mountains and moist upland ...
-Arnica. Arnica. Part 2
3. Arc'Tium Lap'Pa, Burdock, Clotbur Arc'Tium Lap'Pa, Burdock, Clotbur. The dried root, collected from plants of the first year's growth, official 1830-1910; ...
-Arnica. Arnica. Part 3
4. Xan'Thium Struma'Rium, Broad Cocklebur Xan'Thium Struma'Rium, Broad Cocklebur. Ambrosiaceae, N. America; achenes 2.5 Cm. (1') long, flat, oblong, without ...
-Organic Drugs From The Vegetable Kingdom: Recapitulation
Recapitulation No. 1. Family (Nat. order). Botanic source. Part official. Habitat. Constituents. Official preparations. Medicinal properties. Medicinal uses.
-Part II. Organic Drugs From The Animal Kingdom
The Animal Kingdom is divided into two great subkingdoms, viz.: I. Invertebra'ta. L. fr. in, not, + vertebratus, vertebrated - i. e., not vertebrated. These ...
-Subkingdom I. Invertebrata. Class 1.: Insecta. L. Pl. Of Insectum
This class includes those small animals that have 1 pair of antennae, 3 pairs of mouth organs, and breathe air by means of tracheae, opening by spiracles along ...
-1. Hemiptera. Hemipterous Family
He-imp'te-ra. L. neut. pl. of hemipterus, half-winged, fr. Gr. half, + wing - i. e., insects have forewings partly membranous and partly coriaceous, chitinous.
-Coccus. Cochineal
Coccus cacti, Linne . The dried female insect enclosing the young larvae. Habitat. Mexico, C. America; cultivated in W. Indies, Canaries, Algiers, S. Spain.
-Coccus. Cochineal. Part 2
1. Coccus ILI'Cis Coccus ILI'Cis. Greece (Morea, mountains); inhabits Quercus coccif era; consists of females, size of a pea, brownish-red; used natively as a ...
-Coccus. Cochineal. Part 3
2. Oculi'Na Virgin'Ea And Coral'Lium Ru'Brum, Corallium, Coral Oculi'Na Virgin'Ea And Coral'Lium Ru'Brum, Corallium, Coral. Hexa (Octo)-coralla; Mediterranean ...
-2. Coleoptera. Coleopterous Family
Ko-le-op'te-ra. L. pl. of coleopterum, fr. Gr. a sheath, + a wing - sheath-winged - i. e., insects having the posterior pair of wings membranous and sheathed ...
-Cantharis. Cantharides
Cantharis vesicatoria, (Linne) De Geer. The dried beetles, containing .6 p. c. of cantharidin. Habitat. S. and C. Europe, W. Asia - Spain, Italy, Sicily, S.
-3. Hymenoptera. Hymenoptorous Family
Hi-me-nop'te-ra. L. neut. pl. of hymenopterus, fr. Gr. membrane-winged; membrane, + wing - i. e., animals have membranous wings. This family includes the ...
-Apis Mellifera. The Hive Or Honey Bee
1. Mel. Honey. 2. Cera Flava. Yellow Wax. Apis mellifera, Linne. 1. A saccharine secretion deposited in the honeycomb by the bee. 2. A product obtained by ...
-Apis Mellifera. The Hive Or Honey Bee. Continued
II. Cera Flava, Yellow Wax II Cera Flava, Yellow Wax. The honeycomb, after draining the honey, is melted in water, impurities allowed to subside, then cooled; ...
-Subkingdom II. Vertebrata. Class 2: Pisces. L. Pl. Of Piscis, A Fish
This class includes the oviparous animals that have fins and a covering of scales or plates. They breathe by gills, live almost entirely in water, swim instead ...
-4. Teleost(EAE)-Ia. Teleostean Family
Tel-e-os'te-e. L. teleosteus, fr. Gr. complete, + a bone - i. e., has a well-ossified skeleton, like ordinary fishes. This family has well-developed brain, ...
-Oleum Morrhuae. Cod Liver Oil
Gadus Morrhua, Linne, and other species. A fixed oil from the fresh livers. Habitat. N. Atlantic Ocean. Syn. The Cod (fish), 01. Morrh., Oleum Hepatis Morrhuae, ...
-Oleum Morrhuae. Cod Liver Oil. Part 2
1. Oleum Squali, Shark Oil Oleum Squali, Shark Oil. From the liver of the shark - Squa'lus Carcha'rias; light yellow, limpid at - 6 C. (21.2 F.). 2. Oleum ...
-Oleum Morrhuae. Cod Liver Oil. Part 3
5. Chondrin Chondrin. This resembles gelatin, being from cartilages of the ribs and other non-ossifying cartilages; its aqueous solution is precipitated by ...
-Class 3: Mammalia. L. Fr. Mammalis, Of The Breast
The highest class of vertebrata. Distinguished by all being warm-blooded, viviparous, suckling their young by a mammary gland, nipples, breathing by lungs.
-5. Cetacea. Cetaceous Family
Se-ta'se-a. L. cetus, Gr. a whale - i. e., pertaining or belonging to the whale. All animals of this family have pelvis and hind limbs somewhat atrophied, a ...
-Cetaceum. Spermaceti
Physeter macrocephalus, Linne. A concrete, fatty substance from the head of the sperm whale. Habitat. The Pacific and Indian Oceans. Syn. Cetac, the Sperm ...
-6. Pachydermata. Pachyderma(L)-Tous Family
Pak-i-der'ma-ta L. fr. Gr. thick, + skin. All animals of this family have thick skin, are non-ruminant (do not chew the cud), ungulate mammals, or hoofed ...
-Sus Scrofa. The Hog
1. Adeps. Lard. 2. Pancreatinum. Pancreatin. 3. Pepsinum. Pepsin. Sus scrofa var. domesticus. Gray. 1. The purified internal fat of the abdomen of the hog. 2.
-Sus Scrofa. The Hog. Continued
1. Renninum, Rennin Renninum, Rennin. Partially purified milk-curdling enzyme from glandular layer of the calf's stomach (Bos taurus), coagulating 25,000 times ...
-7. Ruminantia. Ruminant Family
Ru-mi-nan'shi-a. L. fr. ruminan(t)s, ruminating, chewing the cud. All animals of this family (bos, camel, deer, neat cattle, sheep, etc.) are hoofed quadrupeds, ...
-Moschus. Musk
Moschus moschiferus, Linne. The dried secretion from the preputial follicles. Habitat. Central Asia, from India to Siberia, Thibet; Himalayas, 900-4,200 M. (3, ...
-Moschus. Musk. Continued
1. Cas'Tor Fi'Ber, Castoreum, Castor, Beaver Cas'Tor Fi'Ber, Castoreum, Castor, Beaver. Rodentia. The dried preputial follicles, and their secretion, obtained ...
-Ovis Aries. The Sheep
1. Sevum Praeparatum. Prepared Suet. 2. Adeps Lanae. Wool Fat. Ovis aries, Linni. 1. The internal fat of the abdomen of the sheep, purified by melting and ...
-Ovis Aries. The Sheep. Continued
1. Sevum Bovinum, Beef Tallow Sevum Bovinum, Beef Tallow. This is the internal fat of Bos taurus; it is similar to the preceding, except that it has a slightly ...
-Bos Taurus. The Ox And Cow
1. Fel Bovis. Oxgall. 2. Saccharum Lactis. Sugar of Milk, C12H22O11 + H2O. Bos taurus, Linne. 1. The fresh bile of the ox. 2. Lactose, C12H22O11 + H2O, from ...
-Bos Taurus. The Ox And Cow. Part 2
2. Keratin, Ceratin Keratin, Ceratin. Resembles protein, but has some of its oxygen replaced by sulphur, being the chief constituent of cattle and horses' ...
-Bos Taurus. The Ox And Cow. Part 2. Continued
4. Serum Antitetanicum. Antitetanic Serum, official. - (Syn., Ser. Antitetan., Tetanus Antitoxin; Fr. Serum antitetanique; Ger. Tetanus-Heilserum.) Manufacture: ...
-Bos Taurus. The Ox And Cow. Part 3
7. Streptococcus Antitoxin Streptococcus Antitoxin. This serum is prepared similarly to the preceding, using, however, several rabbits, as well, finally, as ...
-Bos Taurus. The Ox And Cow. Part 4
9. Butyrum, Butter Butyrum, Butter. This is obtained by churning the cream rising to the surface of cow's milk. It is soft, yellow, neutral (if acid, due to ...
-Organic Drugs From The Animal Kingdom - Recapitulation
Recapitulation No. 8 Class and family. Zoologic source. Part official. Habitat. Constituents. Official preparations. Medicinal properties. Medicinal uses.
-Part III. Inorganic Drugs From The Mineral Kingdom. I. Metalloids And Their Compounds. Hydrogen
Hi = 1. The element hydrogen (Gr. water, + producing, generates water - i. e., upon combustion, becoming one of its components) is not official, although in ...
-Oxygenium. Oxygen
Oii = 16. (Syn., Fr. Oxygene; Ger. Oxygen, Sauerstoff.) The element oxygen (Gr. acid, sharp, + producing - i. e., a generator of acids, once supposed a ...
-Nitrogen
Niii = 14. The element nitrogen (Gr. L. nitrum, niter, + produced from or generator or) is or considerable importance in medicine, owing to its ready ...
-Nitrogen. Continued
Properties and Uses. - Anaesthetic, stimulant, produces mental disturbances with hilarity, and as it raises arterial tension (pressure) should not be given to ...
-Carbon
Civ = 12. The element carbon (L. carbo, coal, Skt. cra, to cook) in the free state is of the greatest service in its several forms (official and non-official), ...
-Silicium. Silicon
Siiv = 28.3 The element silicon (L. silex, silicis, flint, which is nearly all silica = silicon oxide), like boron, resembles carbon. It is infusible, ...
-Boron
Biii = 11. The element boron (L. bor(ax) + on, fr. Ar. baraqa, shine, glisten, substance from which the element first was obtained) resembles carbon very ...
-Sulphur
Siii = 32. The element sulphur (AS, swefel, fr. Skt. culva, copper, + on, enemy to, or L. sal. salt, + Gr. fire, its combustible quality - brimstone, has same ...
-Sulphur. Continued
1. Acidum Sulphurosum, Sulphurous Acid, H2so3, Official 1860-1910 Acidum Sulphurosum, Sulphurous Acid, Hso, Official -. This aqueous solution of sulphur ...
-Phosphorus. Phosphorus
Piii = 31. (Syn., Phosphor.; Fr. Phosphore; Ger. Phosphor.) The element phosphorus (Gr. light, + to bring - i. e., emits light in the dark) is official, and ...
-Chlorine. CLI = 35.4
The element chlorine (Gr. light green - i. e., color of the gas) is a greenish-yellow irrespirable gas, and as such is mainly useful as a reagent in the ...
-Bromum. Bromine
Bri = 79.92. (Syn., Brominium; Fr. Brome; Ger. Brom.) The element bromine (Gr. bad smell, stink - i. e.. its disagreeable odor), official 1840-1910, owing to ...
-Iodum. Iodine
Ii = 126.92. (Syn., Iodinium; Fr. lode; Ger. Jodum, Jod.) The element iodine (Gr. lov, violet, + form, likeness - i. e., from its violet-colored vapor) is ...
-II. Metals And Their Compounds (Salts)
These are treated also in natural groups, which associate those together having the strongest points of relationship. Thus in regular sequence we have: Light ...
-Potassium (Kalium)
Ki = 39.1. Potassium (L. for potash - pot + ash - i. e., origin of the salts by evaporating wood-ash lye in pots; Ar. kali, L. kalium, ashes) occurs in nature ...
-Potassium (Kalium). Part 2
Manufacture: Evaporate liquor potassii hydroxidi to dryness, then pour into molds and quickly bottle to prevent deliquescence. It may also be made by action of ...
-Potassium (Kalium). Part 3
3. Aqueous solution (1 in 5) and sodium bitartrate T. S. each 5 Ml. (Cc.) - white crystalline precipitate; heat .1 Gm. with sulphuric acid and alcohol each 1 ...
-Potassium (Kalium). Part 4
Preparation. - 1. Pulvis Jalapae Compositus, 65 p. c. Potassii et Sodii Tartras. Potassium and Sodium Tartrate, KNaC4H4O6 + 4H2O. - (Syn., Pot. et Sod. Tart., ...
-Potassium (Kalium). Part 5
Fig. 445. - Potassium chlorate crystal. pressure that might cause ignition or explosion, form mass with water q. s., divide into 100 troches. Dose, 1-4 troches.
-Potassium (Kalium). Part 6
Uses. - Epilepsy, hysterical, infantile, and puerperal convulsions, neuralgia, insanity, delirium tremens, chorea, tetanus, sunstroke, hysteria, whooping-cough, ...
-Potassium (Kalium). Part 7
Poisoning, Incompatibles: Same as for iodine, see page 683. Potassii Nitras. Potassium Nitrate, KNO3. - (Syn., Pot. Nitras, Saltpetre, Nitre, Nitras ( ...
-Potassium (Kalium). Part 8
Properties. - Hydrocyanic acid and all cyanides: Anaesthetic, sedative, anodyne, antispasmodic. On unbroken skin, mouth, and stomach paralyzes sensory nerve- ...
-Sodium (Natrium)
Nai = 23. The metallic element sodium (L. sod-a, + ium, fr. solidus, contr. sodo, solid, hard, sod-ash, residue from burning masses or sods of marine plants) ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 2
Manufacture: The most abundant sodium compound, found native everywhere, but, for general use, obtained from crystalline rock-salt, which is mined extensively, ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 3
Fig. 452. - Sodium carbonate crystal. ally loses carbon dioxide; at boiling - entirely converted into normal sodium carbonate. Impurities: Heavy metals, ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 4
of phenolphthalein T. S.; contains 98 p. c. of pure salt. Tests: 1. Heat to 150 C. (302 F.) - loses all water of crystallization; ignite at red heat - ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 5
Sodii Bromidum. Sodium Bromide, NaBr. - (Syn., Sod. Brom., Bromuretum Sodicum; Fr. Bromure de Sodium; Ger. Natrium bro-matum, Natriumbromid, Bromnatrium.) ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 6
Properties and Uses. - Hydragogue cathartic, diuretic; the strongest sodium purgative. When effloresced (dehydrated) it is twice as strong, hence dose should ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 7
Prep.: 1. Liquor Sodii Arsenatis. Solution of Sodium Arsenate. (Syn., Liq. Sod. Arsen., Solution of Arseniate of Sodium; Fr. Liqueur (Solute) d'Arseniate de ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 8
Properties and Uses. - Nervine, tonic, where system needs phosphorus. Nervous asthma, neurasthenia, deficient nutrition, Addison's disease, phosphaturia, ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 9
2. Sodii Carbonas. Sodium Carbonate, Na2CO3 + 10H2O, official 1830-1900. Obtained by several processes: 1. Leblanc's: (1) 2NaCl + H2SO4 - Na2SO4 + 2HC1. (2) ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 10
Lithii Carbonas. Lithium Carbonate, Li2CO3. - (Syn., Lith. Carb., Carbonas Lithicus; Fr. Carbonate (de Lithine) lithique; Ger. Lithium carbonicum, ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 11
NHi4 = 18. There is no metallic ammonium (L. Ammoni-a + um, fr. (sal) ammoniac, obtained from near temple of Jupiter Ammon, in Libya, by burning camel's dung); ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 12
Preparations. - 1. Trochisci Ammonii Chloridi. Troches of Ammonium Chloride. (Syn., Troch. Ammon. Chlor.; Fr. Tablettes (Pastilles) de Chlorure d'Ammonium (de ...
-Sodium (Natrium). Part 13
Properties and Uses. - Antirheumatic, antipyretic, expectorant, germicide; febrile conditions, bronchitis, rheumatism, gout, etc. Ammonii Iodidum. Ammonium ...
-Magnesium
Mgii 24.32. The element magnesium (L. magnesi(a) + um, district in Thessaly; also name of two cities in Asia Minor) occupies an intermediate place between ...
-Magnesium. Continued
Properties and Uses. - Antacid, mild laxative; valuable for children as well as adults. Unoff. Preps.: Liquor Magnesii Bicarbonatis, Fluid Magnesia (Br.), 2 p.
-Calcium. Caii = 40
The element calcium (L. calx, calcis, limestone, Gr. is one of a group of three - calcium, barium, strontium - which form the alkaline earths. These metals, ...
-Calcium. Caii = 40. Part 2
Preparation. - 1. Liquor Sodae Chlorinatae. Solution of Chlorinated Soda. (Syn., Liq. Sod. Chlorinat., Labarraque's Solution, Liquor Sodae Chloratae, Liquor ...
-Calcium. Caii = 40. Part 3
Preparation. - (Unoff.): Syrupus Calcii Iodidi, 3.4 p. c. - iodine 7.6, iron wire 2.8, sugar 70, dist. water q. s. 100, dose, 3ss-l (2-4 Ml. (Cc.)). Properties ...
-Calcium. Caii = 40. Part 4
Preparation. - (Unoff.): Elixir, 8.5 p. c, + dil. hydrobromic acid .4, + , dose, 5j-2 (4-8 Ml. (Cc.)). Properties and Uses. - As a substitute for potassium ...
-Barium
Baii - 137.37. The element barium (L. bar(ytes)+ium, fr. Gr. heavy, owing to high sp. gr. or heavy spar) and its compounds are not much used in medicine; it is ...
-Strontium
Srii = 87.6. The element strontium (L. fr. strontian, in Argyleshire, Scotland, where first found as strontianite, SrCO3) in the form of its compounds was not ...
-Strontium. Continued
Some of the unofficial salts, such as nitrate, etc., are used for red fire. Aliii = 27.1. The metal aluminum (L. alumen, alumin(is) + um, alum, fr. alo, to ...
-Cerium. Ceiv = 140.25
The element cerium (named by Berzelius, 1803, after asteriod Ceres, then just discovered, 1801) occurs sparingly in nature, chiefly in cerite, also in ...
-Ferrum. Iron
Feii = 55.84. Fe2vi = 111.68. The element iron (AS, iren, Goth. iarn, metal; L. ferrum) is the most useful and abundant of the heavier metals, being present in ...
-Ferrum. Iron. Part 2
Preparations. - 1. Ferri Chloridum. Ferric Chloride, FeCl3(Fe2-C16.12H2O). (Syn., Ferr. Chlor., Iron Perchloride, Sesquichloride of Iron, Ferrum Muriaticum ...
-Ferrum. Iron. Part 3
Pilulae Ferri Iodidi. Pills of Ferrous Iodide. - (Syn., Pil. Ferr. Iod.; Fr. Pilules d'Iodure de Fer (ferreuse), Pilules de Blancard; Ger. Eisenjodurpillen.) ...
-Ferrum. Iron. Part 4
Properties and Uses. - Owing to its deficiency in H2SO4, this solution when evaporated yields a salt less irritating than the liquor tersulphatis, and one ...
-Ferrum. Iron. Part 5
Manufacture: Rub in a mortar potassium carbonate 8 Gm. with glycerin and water, each 5 drops, add granulated ferrous sulphate 16 Gm. and sugar 4 Gm., ...
-Ferrum. Iron. Part 6
1. Ferri Ramenta. Iron Filings, official 1830-1860. - Such as are wholly attracted by the magnet. Owing to the magnet not being a perfect purifier, as it ...
-Ferrum. Iron. Part 7
12. Ferri et Potassii Tartras. Iron and Potassium Tartrate, official 1830-1910. - Obtained by preparing ferric hydroxide as in ferri et ammonii tartras; heat ...
-Ferrum. Iron. Part 8
Condensed Table giving some Basal Iron Preparations and Products therefrom;' each single one, or set included within bracket, to right of its equation mark ...
-Manganum. Manganese
Mnii+iv = 54.9 The element manganese (L. corrupt, of magnes, from resemblance to the magnet, or from magnesia transposed, as both were confounded until 1740) ...
-Chromium. Crii+VI = 52
The element chromium (Gr. color, + ium - i. e., salts are colored) is not or much service in medicine, as it enters into only one official compound. Natively ...
-Uranium
Uii+iv = 238.5. The element uranium (fr. Gr. the sky - i. e., in allusion to the planet Uranus) was discovered in 1789 in a mineral long known and called pitch- ...
-Uranium. Continued
Manufacture: Add hydrochloric acid 84 Gm. to granulated zinc 24 Gm. and distilled water 25 Ml. (Cc), let stand until reaction ceases and acid saturated; pour ...
-Zincum - Zinc
Zinci Carbonas Prsecipitatus. Precipitated Zinc Carbonate, 2Zn-CO33Zn(OH)2(?). - (Syn., Zinc. Carl). Praec., Zincum Carbonicum, Carbonas Zincicus; Br. Zinci ...
-Cadmium
Cdii = 111.5. The element cadmium (Gr. calamine, ZnCO3 - the two carbonates resemble and often occur together), official 1800-1880, is found sparingly in ...
-Plumbum. Lead
Pbii = 207.10. (Syn., Fr. Plomb; Ger. Blei.) The element lead (AS. lead, heavy weight, plummet, L. plumbum), official 1820-1830, is obtained mostly from native ...
-Plumbum. Lead. Continued
Preps.: 1. Unguentum Diachylon. Diachylon Ointment. (Syn., Ung. Diachyl., Unguentum Plumbi Hebrae, Hebra's Lead Ointment; Fr. Onguent (Pommade de) Diachylon; ...
-Cuprum. Copper
Cuii = 63.5. The element copper (Gr. Cyprus, Mediterranean island, whence the Romans got their best copper; L. cuper, cuprum, contr. of Cyprium), official 1870- ...
-Bismuthum. Bismuth
Biiii = 208 The element bismuth (Ger. wismut, fr. wiesematte, a beautiful shadow, from its variegated tints when fresh), official 1830-1880, is found mostly in ...
-Bismuthum. Bismuth. Continued
Arsenic, copper, lead, silver, alkali earths, chloride, nitrate, sulphate, free salicylic acid. Should be kept dark. Dose, gr. 5-15 (.3-1 Gm.). Properties and ...
-Argentum. Silver
Agi = 107.8. The element silver (AS. seolfer; L. argentum: Gr, white - i. e., its bright, shining color), official 1830-1880, occurs natively as metal and ...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury
Hgii = 200.6. (Syn., Hydrarg., Quicksilver, Hydrargyrum Vivum, Mercurius Vivus, Argentum Vivum; Fr. Mercure, Vif Argent; Ger. Quecksilber.) The element mercury ...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury. Part 2
Properties and Uses. - Mercury - stimulant, alterative, tonic, antiphlogistic, sorbefacient, not directly a cholagogue, causes salivation; the liver retains it ...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury. Part 3
Fig. 464. - Corrosive mercuric chloride crystal. in securely stoppered glass containers bearing a red label with the word POISON, and a statement indicating ...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury. Part 4
Preps.: 1. Unguentum Hydrargyri Oxidi Flam. Ointment of Yellow Mercuric Oxide. (Syn., Ung. Hydrarg. Oxid. Flaw; Fr. Pommade d'Oxyde jaune de Mercure; Ger.
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury. Part 5
Preparations. - 1. Pilulae Cathartiae Compositae, 1 gr. (.06 Gm.). Dose, 1-3 pills. Unoff. Preps.: Pulvis Hydrargyri Chloridi Mitis et Jalapae, mild mercurous ...
-Arsenum (Arsenicum). Arsenic
Asiii-v = 74.9. The element arsenic (L. arsenicum, fr. Gr. orpiment; lit. masculine, strong - i. e., powerful poison), official 1850-1880, is distributed ...
-Antimonium. Antimony (Stibium). Sbiii-V = 120.2
The element antimony (Gr. against, + moine. monk - monk'sbane, poisons monks; or Gr. against, + alone - never found alone; or Gr. instead of, + L. minium, red ...
-Stannum Tin
Snii-iv =119. The element tin (AS. tin, stean, stan, a stone; L. stannum, found at Cornwall as oxide, tin-stone), official 1830-1860, occurs chiefly as native ...
-Aurum. Gold
Aui-iii = 197.2. The element gold (AS. geolu, aiolo, yellow; Gr. L. aurum, yellowish - i. e., color of the metal), official 1830-1840, usually occurs in the ...
-Platinum
Ptii-iv = 195.2. The element platinum (Sp. platina, dim. of plata, plate, silver - the two metals resemble in appearance), like gold, occurs mostly in the free ...
-Part IV. Organic Carbon Compounds
While the number of official preparations made from organic substances is small at present compared with the many that have gained medical favor, and while ...
-I. Fatty Series
I. Hydrocarbons. These compounds contain the elements carbon and hydrogen in various proportions, are mostly of vegetable origin, many being obtained by ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 2
2. Rhigolene Rhigolene. Obtained from petroleum by redistillation until a liquid is secured boiling at 18 C. (64.4 F.). It evaporates more rapidly than all ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 2. Part 2
Preparations. - 1. Alcohol Dilutum. Diluted Alcohol. (Syn., Alcohol Dil., Proof Spirit; Fr. Alcool dilue; Ger. Spiritus dilutus (Vini Rectificatus), ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 2. Part 3
Poisoning: Have confused mind, giddiness, muscular relaxation, hallucinations, stupor, coma, rapid, weak pulse, cool, moist skin, dilated pupils, noisy ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 2. Part 4
Properties and Uses. - Like amyl nitrite (or any nitrite), except that its action is not quite so prompt, but is more persistent. Angina pectoris, asthma, ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 2. Part 5
Properties and Uses. - Antiseptic; it is absorbed rapidly, a value due to its partial change into and liberation as formaldehyde in the urine. The urine ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 2. Part 6
Poisoning: Resembles opium somewhat; have deep coma, weak, irregular, slow pulse, pupils dilated when awake, slow respiration, lividity, reflexes abolished, ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 2. Part 7
2. Linimentum Chloroformi. Chloroform Liniment. (Syn., Lin. Chlorof.; Fr. Liniment au Chloroforme; Ger. Chloroformliniment.) Manufacture: 30 p. c. Mix by ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 3
1. Chloretone, C4h7oc13 Chloretone, Choc. Obtained by the interaction of chloroform, acetone, and an alkali, and occurs in white crystals, soluble in alcohol, ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 3. Part 2
Properties. - Internally - increases appetite, narcotic, eliminated by secretions, chiefly in urine, as iodine, iodides, and iodates. Externally - antiseptic, ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 3. Part 3
Properties and Uses. - Anaesthetic, soporific, anthelmintic, rheumatism, gout, nausea, diarrhoea, mostly as a solvent for resins, fats, oleoresins, camphor, ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 3. Part 4
Preparations. - 1. Acidum Aceticum Dilutum. Diluted Acetic Acid. (Syn., Acid. Acet. Dil.; Fr. Acide acetique dilue; Ger. Acetum Purum (Distillatum), Verdunnte ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 3. Part 5
Preparations. - 1. Oleatum Hydrargyri, 75 p. c. Unoff. Preps.: Oleates of Aconitine (50), Atropine (50), Cocaine (50), Quinine (75), Veratrine (50), etc.
-I. Fatty Series. Part 3. Part 6
Manufacture: Dissolve purified oxalic acid 6.45 Gm., in distilled water q. s. 1,000 Ml. (Cc). Properties and Uses. - Poisonous, reducing agent, decolorizes ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 3. Part 7
V. Ethers. These are formed from alcohols by replacing the hydrogen of hydroxyl by the same or other alcohol radicals, thus: Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Ethyl- ...
-I. Fatty Series. Part 4
1. Aether Aceticvs, Acetic Ether, C2h5c2h3o2, Official 1880-1910 Aether Aceticvs, Acetic Ether, Chcho, Official -. This liquid, composed of 96 p. c, by volume, ...
-II. Aromatic Series
As previously stated, all organic compounds are either derivatives of methane, CH4 (fatty series), or of benzene, C6H6 (aromatic series), and while these two ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Part 2
Preparations. - 1. Phenol Liquefactum. Liquefied Phenol. (Syn., Phenol Liq., Liquefied Carbolic Acid, Acidum Carbolicum Lique-factum; Ger. Verflussigte ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Part 3
Preparations. - 1. Aqua Creosoti. Creosote Water. (Syn., Aq. Creosot.; Fr. Eau creosotee; Ger. Kreosotwasser.) Manufacture: Agitate vigorously creosote 1 Ml. ( ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Part 4
Guaiacol. Guaiacol. - (Syn., Guaiacolum, Ortho-di-oxybenzene-methyl-ester, Methyl-orthodioxybenzene, Methyl-pyrocatechin, Pyro-catechin (Catechol)- ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Part 5
Preparations. - (Unoff.): Pasta Resorcinolis Fortis: 20 Gm., zinc oxide 20, starch 20, light liquid petrolatum 40. Unguentum Resorcinolis Composition, 6 Gm., ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Part 6
Properties. - Antiseptic, antipyretic, antirheumatic. Uses. - Rheumatism, neuralgia, lancinating pains, diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera, ulcers, ozaena, ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Part 7
Preparations. - (Unoff.): Pasta Betanaphtholis, 10 Gm., + precipitated sulphur 50, petrolatum 20, soft soap 20. Petroxolinum Betanaphtholis, 10 Gm., + liquid ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Part 8
Uses. - Phthisis, typhoid fever, hyperpyrexia, sthenic fevers, gas-tralgia, locomotor ataxia, rheumatism, sciatica, lumbago, neuralgia, gangrene, cancer, ...
-II. Aromatic Series. Continued
2. Incinerate 1 Gm Incinerate Gm. ash .5 p. c. Impurities: Glucose, milk-sugar, ammonium compounds, salicylic acid, carbonizable substances. Dose, gr. 1-1 (.06- ...
-Part V. Non-Pharmacopoelal Organic Carbon Compounds
(Synthetic Remedies.) It should be borne in mind, as incidentally referred to on page 811, that the possibilities which the constructive processes of organic ...
-I. Fatty Series (Paraffin Or Methane)
(Open-chain Compounds.) I. Hydrocarbons. Pental. Pentalum. - Tri-methyl-ethylene, Iso-amylene. Manufacture: This is from the fifth member of the series, ...
-I. Fatty Series (Paraffin Or Methane). Part 2
I. Fatty Series (Paraffin Or Methane). Part 2 (1) C2H5OH+H2SO4 = C2H6HSO4+H2O. (2) C2H5HSO4+KBr = C2H6Br+KHSO4. It is a colorless, light, refractive, mobile, ...
-I. Fatty Series (Paraffin Or Methane). Part 3
Tannalbin. Albuminis Tannas (tannic acid + albumin) and Tan-nopin, Tannori (tannic acid + hexamethylenamine), being only soluble in the duodenum (decomposed by ...
-I. Fatty Series (Paraffin Or Methane). Part 4
The three last compounds or sulphones depend upon the ethyl groups for hypnotic effects, the greater their number the more powerful the action. IV. Acids.
-II. Aromatic (Benzene) Series, C6h6. (Closed-Chain Compounds.)
6. Terpenes. Terebene. Terebenum, C10H16. - (Official) See page 73. Terpin Hydrate. Terpini Hydras, C10H163H2O. - (Official.) See page 72. 7. Phenol ...
-II. Aromatic (Benzene) Series, C6h6. (Closed-Chain Compounds.). Part 2
Properties and Uses. - Antiseptic in surgery, gynecology. It is 5 times stronger, but only one-eighth as poisonous as phenol, and one-half as poisonous as ...
-II. Aromatic (Benzene) Series, C6h6. (Closed-Chain Compounds.). Part 3
Properties and Uses. - For the same purposes as creosote, but is less valuable, it is also less irritating to the intestinal canal and kidneys; phthisis, ...
-II. Aromatic (Benzene) Series, C6h6. (Closed-Chain Compounds.). Part 4
Para-nitro-anisol. (4) Amsidin. (5) This approximates closely to phenacetin; occurs in colorless, odorless scales, soluble in alcohol, acetone, glycerin, fatty ...
-II. Aromatic (Benzene) Series, C6h6. (Closed-Chain Compounds.). Part 5
Properties and Uses. - Antipyretic, antineuralgic, antirheumatic, diaphoretic; hectic fever, chronic and acute rheumatism, neuralgia, hypnotic. Gallanilide.
-II. Aromatic (Benzene) Series, C6h6. (Closed-Chain Compounds.). Part 6
Incompatibles: Alkalies, alkali carbonates and bicarbonates, heat, moisture, etc. Properties and Uses. - Similar to but better than salicylic acid, as it is ...
-II. Aromatic (Benzene) Series, C6h6. (Closed-Chain Compounds.). Part 7
Properties and Uses. - Substitution for orthoform, which has proven unsatisfactory. Local anaesthetic, analgesic, resembling cocaine, but owing to insolubility ...
-VII. Organic Bases
Piperazine. Piperazina. - Diethylene-diamine, Ethylene-imine, Ar-thriticine. Manufacture: By the action of ammonia upon ethylene bromide of chloride, giving a ...
-VII. Organic Bases. Continued
1. Eucaine Hydrochloride (A) Eucainae Hydrochloridum (A) Eucaine Hydrochloride (A) Eucainae Hydrochloridum (A). Alpha-eucainum (eucaine), Hydrochloride of ...
-VII. Organic Bases. Continued. Continued
Properties and Uses. - Local anaesthetic similar to cocaine, but dilates bloodvessels, whereas cocaine contracts them; heart tonic, but only one-half as toxic ...
-Part VI. The Microscope And Its Use In Materia Medica
Although it is impossible for all druggists to become experienced with the microscope, yet every one, by a little patience, study, and tact in its use, may ...
-I. Description of the Microscope
Of these there are two kinds - simple and compound. The Simple Microscope is only a hand magnifying-glass or linen-tester, and consists of a double convex lens ...
-I. Description of the Microscope. Part 2
2. The Objective (F) The Objective (F). This, in the line of vision, is removed farthest from the eye and is the most essential portion of the instrument; to ...
-I. Description of the Microscope. Part 3
3. The Body (D) The Body (D). This consists of the two long telescoping tubes: the outer - the sleeve; the inner - the draw-tube. To the upper end of the body ( ...
-II. Requisites Of A Good Microscope
Almost any make of high-grade instrument will give satisfaction that has the following qualities: 1. It should possess firmness and solidity through its base, ...
-III. Directions For Using The Microscope
1. For working, select a northern window; this insures the greatest amount of reflected light possible from white clouds. Never use direct sunlight, and if ...
-IV. Microscope Accessory Apparatus And Reagents
1. A pair of fine-pointed forceps for handling cover- and watch-glasses, small objects, etc. Fig. 485. Dissecting-forceps. 2. A pair of fine scissors, sharp- ...
-V. Some Advanced Microscopic Methods And Appliances
1. Estimation Of Magnifying Power Estimation Of Magnifying Power. While the table given on page 899 is of interest and service, yet, owing to slight variations ...
-V. Some Advanced Microscopic Methods And Appliances. Continued
3. Softening Softening. All dry and hard substances should be softened before sections can be made properly. In the case of roots, rhizomes, tubers, corms, ...
-VI. The Microscope In The Drug-Store
While it is true that many official drugs come to us with adulterations and sophistications, yet in order to identify such with the microscope one should be ...
-I. Roots
1. Senega From False Senega Senega From False Senega. Soak suspected root in water until soft (10 hours), make thin cross-sections: true senega root has ...
-II. Rhizomes
1. Veratrum Viride From Cypripedium Veratrum Viride From Cypripedium. Veratrum viride has one-seventh diameter in cortex consisting of parenchyma having starch, ...
-III. Woods
1. Guaiacum From Santalum Album Guaiacum From Santalum Album. Guaiacum consists mostly of wavy interwoven wood-fibres, numerous 1-rowed medullary rays, large ...
-IV. Barks
1. Cinchona Calisaya From Cinchona Succirubra Cinchona Calisaya From Cinchona Succirubra. Cinchona Calisaya has very few, if any, stone- (resin-) cells, old ...
-V. Fruits
1. Anise From Conium Anise From Conium. Anise has flat face, 5 light brown filiform ridges, also 15 or more thin oil-tubes; conium has 5 crenate ribs but no ...
-Appendix. Poisons - Treatment And Antidotes
Poisoning may be of two kinds: 1. Chronic, where small doses are repeated at more or less short intervals, thereby slowly establishing characteristic symptoms ( ...
-Rationale Of Treatment
Excessive quantities of poisons frequently from the first cause free vomiting and purging per se, thereby largely correcting their evil effects, but when ...
-Usual Agents Employed In Poison Cases
1. Jeaunel's General Antidote Jeaunel's General Antidote. Either of the following formulas may be employed when the nature of the poison is doubtful, or for ...
-Usual Agents Employed In Poison Cases. Continued
6. Vinegar, Diluted Mineral Acids Vinegar, Diluted Mineral Acids. To neutralize alkalies and alkaline salts; Magnesium Oxide, Sodium Bicarbonate, Calcium ...
-Usual Agents Employed In Poison Cases. Continued. Part 2
Aniline (Dyes, Ink): Vomit with copper sulphate, or wash out well the stomach with warm water, place in recumbent position, loosen clothing, abundant fresh air, ...
-Usual Agents Employed In Poison Cases. Continued. Part 3
Chlorates, Nitrates (Potassium, Sodium, etc.): Vomit, plenty of water and demulcent drinks for dilution, amyl nitrite, opium for pain, hot fomentations to ...
-Usual Agents Employed In Poison Cases. Continued. Part 4
Lead and Barium Salts: Give magnesium or sodium sulphate ( ss; 15 Gm.) in a glass of water to form insoluble sulphate, then vomit, follow with purgative enema, ...
-Prescription-Writing Of The Physician
Prescriptions (L. praescriptio, a writing before, an order; fr. prae-scrib(o)-ere, to write before, to ordain) are ex tempore formulae written in Latin, ...
-Prescription-Writing Of The Physician. Part 2
4. Prescription Prescription. This consists of four parts: 1. Superscription (date, name and address of patient; also regular sign, , fr. L. recipio, re-cipere, ...
-Prescription-Writing Of The Physician. Part 3
5. Abbreviations Abbreviations. Only such as are in common use, along with accustomed signs should be employed, as: , 3, , e, M, O, S, aa, ad, gr., gtt., ft., ...
-Table of Comparison between Metric, Avoirdupois, and Apothecaries Weights
Table of Comparison between Metric, Avoirdupois, and Apothecaries Weights Names. Numerical Expressions. Equivalents in Grains. Equivalents in Avoirdupois ...
-Measures of Approximation
While these equivalents are not precisely accurate, their values have so long been recognized by laymen on the one hand, and physicians on the other, that they ...
-Table Giving the Maximum Quantities that should be Prescribed unless Special Directions Accompany the Prescription
Table Giving the Maximum Quantities that should be Prescribed unless Special Directions Accompany the Prescription Single doses. Total amount in any one day.
-Doses of Rare and Unofficial Drugs, some not Treated of in this Work
Abrastol, gr. 15-20....................1-2 Gm. Acetal, 3j-2....................4-8 Ml. (Cc). Acet-ortho-toluide, gr. 2-5.........13-.3 Gm. Aeet-para-toluide, ...
-Table showing the Number of Drops in a Fluidrachm of Various Liquids, with the Weight of one Fluidrachm of each in Grains and in Grammes
Table showing the Number of Drops in a Fluidrachm of Various Liquids Drops in f3j. (60 m.) Weight of f3j in grains. grammes. Acetum opii........................
-Table of Thermometric Equivalents. (Fahrenheit and Centigrade Scales.)
Table of Thermometric Equivalents. (Fahrenheit and Centigrade Scales.) F. c. 212 = 100 210 = 99 208 = 98 207 = 97 205 = 96 203 = 95 201 = 94 199 = 93 198 = 92 ...
-Popular Medical Abbreviations
aa............Ana...........Of each. Abs. febr.........Absente febre.......Fever being absent. Ad...........Adde..........Add up to. Ad 2 vie.........Ad duas ...
-Popular Medical Abbreviations. Continued
Ft. collyr........Fiat collyrium......Make an eye wash. Ft. confec........Fiat confectio......Make a confection. Ft. elect......... Fiat electuarium . . . . .
-Some Leading Official Organic Drugs whose Medicinal Properties Depend upon One or More Specific Constituents
1. Sugar. Fig, Honey, Manna, Prune, Triticum. 2. Sugar 4- Acid. Cassia Fistula, Lemon Juice, Phytolacca Fruit, Raspberry, Tamarind, Rhus Glabra. 3. Mucilage.
-The Pronunciation of Some Important Words Used in this Work
Ab-i-et'ic. Ab'i-e-tin. Ab'rin. Ac-et-an'i-li i(e) - (As).' Ach-il-le'ine. Ad-on'id-in. Ad-ren'a-lin. A'gar-a'gar. A-gar'i-cin. Ag'a-thin. A-lan'tol. Al-cor-no' ...







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