The five preparations of iron which are especially prescribed because of their effectiveness and because they are the least irritating of the iron compounds are:
Tincture of the chloride.
Syrup of the iodide.
Solution of the acetate of iron and ammonia ("Bas-ham's Mixture").
Pills of the carbonate ("Blaud's Pills").
Iron and potassium tartrate.
Tinctura Ferri Chloridi. Tincture of Ferric Chloride.
Sometimes called the muriated tincture. It is reddish-yellow in color, and has peculiar properties. It is the most frequently used of all the preparations of iron. It is astringent, irritating, and somewhat corrosive. It has diuretic and antispasmodic qualities, owing probably to the ether, and is antiseptic by virtue of the chlorine and iron; tonic, as are all iron preparations. It contains about 4 % of metallic iron.
Tr. of iron should never be given at the same time with tea, or with other medicines containing tannin, as an ink-like combination results. It should not be added to whiskey, but may be well given in milk, being dropped in at the moment when it is to be taken. It may be given with glycerin, 3 parts to iron 1 part, the glycerin to prevent constipation, or it may be dropped into egg albumen to prevent its action on the teeth. It is a very incompatible drug, and should not be given at the same time that another drug is administered. Iron attacks the teeth, unless properly diluted, and should always be given through a glass tube. When the throat is gargled with iron, the teeth should be brushed after each application, or washed off with salt water.
0.5 mil, half an hour after meals, in a tumblerful of water.
Average dose, ʒ iv.-15 mils, well diluted.
Iodide of iron affects the teeth seriously. It has iodine, iron, and syrup, and exerts a special action on nutrition by means of the iodine.
i mil, largely diluted.
Contains about 13 % of metallic iron.
Ferrous sulphate, sulphuric and nitric acids are constituents of Monsel's solution. It has a deep red color and the consistency of syrup. It is an active styptic, but it is rather uncertain in its action, sometimes causing severe sloughing, and is not much used.
Contains sulphate of iron and carbonate of potassium, althaea, tragacanth, and glycerin. Dose, pil. i.
A light gray powder, quite tasteless, and of all the preparations of iron the most free from astringency. Dose, gr. i.-0.06 Gm., taken after meals in pill form. It may be given to children in candy or lozenges.
Contains about 12% of quinine. It should not be exposed to the light.
Average dose, gr. iv.-0.25 Gm.
Average dose, gr. iss.-0.1 Gm.
Contains not less than 12% of iron. It should not be exposed to light. Average dose, gr. iv.-0.25 Gm.
(Antidotes to Arsenic.)
As an antidote to arsenic this preparation of iron must be fresh, and may be quickly prepared by adding to several ounces of the tr. ferri chlor. enough ammonia water or sodium carbonate to form a precipitate, which will appear almost instantly. Continue adding the alkali until no more of the precipitate falls; then turn it into a piece of muslin or a fine strainer and wash it well by letting cold water run freely through it, until all traces of the soda or ammonia are removed. Stir up a tablespoonful of the precipitate in milk or water, and give it, repeating as often as necessary. It is harmless. About 8 grains of it are required to neutralize 1 grain of the poison.
Made by combining the solution of the ferric sulphate with magnesia. It is said to be the best antidote for arsenic. Dose as antidote, ℥ iv.-120 mils.
An antidote to arsenic; also given medicinally. It is said that it does not blacken the teeth nor constipate. Dose, from 20 to 40 drops. It should always be given alone.