A number of the tools used by a paperhanger are shown in the following illustrations.

Two styles of shears used by a paperhanger are shown in Fig 38.

Paperhanger's paste brushes are shown in Figs. 39 and 40.

A paperhanger's smoothing brush is shown in Fig. 41 and a combined smoothing brush and roller in Fig. 42.

The felt smoothing rollers as shown in Fig.43 are made of a number of specially prepared felt coils 2 1/2 inches in diameter, which can be tightened or loosed at will. The rollers are seamless and very resilient. They can be used equally as well on rough as on smooth walls; they do not need re-covering and can be easily cleaned. They can be used for stippling paint or paper, or stenciling in oil or water colors.

Paperhanger's Shears.

Fig. 38. Paperhanger's Shears.

The smoothing roller shown in Fig.44 is made with a foundation of six-ply Canton flannel and a detachable cambric cover, held in place by removable ferrules, so that it may be easily replaced.

The wall paper trimmer shown in Fig.45 has roller bearings. This reduces the friction of the trimmer to a minimum, enabling the operator to manipulate it back and forth on the edge of the straight edge with scarcely any effort.

Paperhanger's Paste Brush.

Fig. 39. Paperhanger's Paste Brush.

Paperhanger's Paste Brush.

Fig. 40. Paperhanger's Paste Brush.

The graduating plumb and level shown in Fig.46 is made of highly polished brass and will fit any trimmer straight edge without the manipulation of screws by means of the spring shown in the drawing. Any graduation for panel or relief work is obtained instantly by moving the pointer, which remains rigidly at degree of angle desired. By moving the pointer to 90 degrees, it can be ascertained how much the ceiling is out of level.

Paperhanger's Smoothing Brush.

Fig. 41. Paperhanger's Smoothing Brush.

The paper trimmer shown in Fig.47 has reversible cut and automatic shifting relief for the cutters. It has feed guides on both sides of the paper and trims 18-inch length at each turn of the crank. The rollers in this machine are of hollow composite construction, and will not warp by reason of change of climate or temperature.

Combined Smoothing Brush and Roller.

Fig. 42. Combined Smoothing Brush and Roller.

The paper-hanger's pasting table, shown in Fig. 48, is made from the best selected and seasoned basswood. The top is mode of four pieces, tongued, grooved and glued. The legs are riveted in galvanized iron boxes. The top folds, enclosing the legs, and has a space inside for straight edge and tools.

Smoothing Roller.

Fig. 43. Smoothing Roller.

Smoothing Roller.

Fig. 44. Smoothing Roller.

Vall Paper Trimmer.

Fig. 45. Vall Paper Trimmer.

Paperhangers' knives are shown in Fig. 40: A - Polished blade, maple handle, natural wood, closed ferrule. B -

Graduating Plumb and Level.

Fig. 46. Graduating Plumb and Level.

Blade tempered and polished, maple handle, shellac finish, closed ferrule. C - Tempered and polished steel blade, stain finish maple handle, closed ferrule. D - Blade tempered and polished steel blade, beech wood handle, natural finish, open ferrule.

Paperhangers' seam rollers are shown in Figs. 50, 51 and 52: A - Polished oval maple roller. B - Rubber-covered roller. C - Polished maple roller, oval or flat face. D - Rubber-covered roller. E - Oval rosewood or lignum vitae roller. F - Flat rosewood or lignum vitae roller. G' - Side arm roller, flat or bevel face. H - Corrugated rubber face, hardwood core. J - Side arm roller, celluloid covered. K - Double arm roller, celluloid covered, oval face. L - Double arm roller, celluloid covered, flat face. M - Solid zylonite ivory seam roller, for feather edge work.

Wall Paper Trimmer.

Fig. 47. Wall Paper Trimmer.

Paperhangers' wheel knives are shown in Figs. 53 and 54: A - Short bevel, steel bracket, plain or saw-tooth blade.

Paperhanger's Table.

Fig. 48. Paperhanger's Table.

B - Short bevel, malleable iron handle, serrated, plain or saw-tooth blade. C - Double arm, steel bracket, saw-tooth, serrated or plain blade. D - Bevelled both sides, steel bracket, serrated blade. E - Short bevel, double arm brackpaste cleaner attachment. H - Short bevel, polished handle, paste cleaner attachment.

et, plain blade. F - Short bevel, washers both sides, steel bracket, plain blade. G - Short bevel, malleable iron handle,

Paperhanger's Knives.

Fig. 49. Paperhanger's Knives.

Papcrbariger's Seam Rollers.

Fig. 50. Papcrbariger's Seam Rollers.

Paperhanger's Seam Rollers.

Fig. 51. Paperhanger's Seam Rollers.

Paperhanger's Seam Rollers.

Fig. 52. Paperhanger's Seam Rollers.

Paperhanger's Wheel Knives.

Fig. 53. Paperhanger's Wheel Knives.

Paperhanger's Wheel Knives.

Fig. 54. Paperhanger's Wheel Knives.

Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

Fig. 55. Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

Fig. 56. Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

Fig. 57. Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

The wheel knife shown in Fig.55 has a bevel on both sides and blade made with an arbor revolving in the socket, paste cleaner attachment and rosewood handle.

Fig. 56 shows a wheel knife with steel blade ground without a bevel. It makes a clean cut without crushing the edge of the paper. The handle is said to fit the hand perfectly. Fig. 57 shows the position of the wheel knife in the hand when in use. The wheel knife shown in Fig. 58 has a short bevel, off-set steel bracket and maple handle.

Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

Fig. 58. Paperhanger's Wheel Knife.

Combination Casing and Corner Knife.

Fig. 59. Combination Casing and Corner Knife.

It may be used on any depth straight edge, as it works on a long axle.

Fig. 59 shows a combination casing and corner knife. It has a cutter with a short bevel, serrated edge. It is especially adapted for ceiling work. The knife has a tinted edge, so thai it will not tear the paper.

Wheel Knife with Paste Cleaner.

Fig. 60. Wheel Knife with Paste Cleaner.

The wheel knife shown in Fig.60 has a short bevel, malleable iron handle and paste cleaner attachment.