Square the stock (Chapter II., Paragraphs 2, 3, 4, 5). Cut the ends the exact shape and size shown in the drawing, making sure that the edges are perfectly straight, and that the ends are absolutely square. The detailed drawing of the roof construction will show you that this roof is to be third pitch (Chapter V., Paragraph 76, also Chapter II., Paragraph 25). Lay out and cut the two ends the required pitch. Test the two ends to make sure they are exactly the same shape and size.
The size of the door in the bird house is considered an important matter if you are building your house for any special kind of bird. (A study of the references given will furnish you some valuable information on this subject.) Lay out and cut the door.
Assemble by nailing the side pieces on to the end pieces, as shown in the drawing. Test to make sure that the angles are perfectly square and that the edges are all even at the bottom. Carefully plane the side pieces to the same bevel as the gable ends. This will make sure that the roof will fit perfectly on the sides. Be sure the house is perfectly square, then fasten the bottom in position by nailing through into the side and end pieces.
The roof is to be made of tin or galvanized sheet iron. This will be a rectangular piece of tin large enough to make the two sides and long enough to turn down on each end to form the finish, as indicated in the drawing. If you do not have tinner's snips in your shop, this piece of sheet iron may be cut with an old pair of shears.
Fasten the roof in position with four small screws, as shown in the drawing; the use of screws will make it possible to remove the roof, when the bird house should be cleaned out for the new season.
This house will be exposed to sun and rain, and it should therefore be well painted (Chapter IV., Paragraph 52). If you have no paint, oil stain may be used. The roof may be painted or left, as desired. When completed the house should be put up on a building, on a tall pole or in a tree.
Optional and Home Projects Employing Similar Principles.
1. By splitting an old limb of a tree and hollowing out the inside and re-assembling it, a very attractive rustic bird house can be made.
2. In suggestion No. 2 you will find the drawing for a very easily constructed bird house. It is made of a small paint keg, with a piece of galvanized iron arranged in conical shape for a roof.
3. The principle of construction of the small house, set forth in this lesson, may readily be employed in the making of a doll house suitable for primary or kindergarten work. The size of the house may be governed by the material available. One side or end should be movable so the interior may be seen when desired. Other modifications of these principles will suggest themselves during the progress of the work.