(7) Straight Pane Sledge Hammer

A useful weight is about 8 lb.

(8) Box Tongs for holding flat iron rod.

(9) Fitter's Or Metalworker's Brace

It has a taper square hole for the drills and they are fixed with a thumbscrew.

The tools in Fig. 21 are mostly sheet metalworker's tools and are as follows:-

(1) Two-Hole Gas Pliers

They are measured over all and the length should be stated, such as 10 in. two-hole gas pliers. Their uses are varied. The 5 in. size are called burner pliers.

(2) Bellhanger's Cutting Pliers, Or Flat-Nosed Cutting Pliers

Known also by their length over all. Made from 5-10 in. long.

(3) Round-Nosed Pliers

Made from 5-10 in. long.

(4) Manchester Cutting Nippers

Made from 6-18 in. long.

(5) Tinman's Straight Shears Or Snips

Made also with curved jaws; are then known as bent snips. Made from 6-16 in. long.

(6) Fret-saw Frame, best quality. Made of tool steel, used by piercers; measured from saw blade to back of frame. Usual size 12 in.

(7) Cross-Pane Riveting Hammer

Head weighs from about 4 oz. to 2 lb. A heavier make of head is called an engineer's or fitter's cross-pane hammer, and weighs up to about 3 lb.

(8) Round And Square-Faced Planishing Hammer

Sometimes called a smoothing hammer. Used for smoothing or flattening sheet metal. Made in all weights up to 4 lb.

(9) Chaser's Hammer Or Repousse Hammer

Used chiefly by chasers and embossers. Weight of head from 2-4 oz.

(10-19) Chasing Tools or RepoussePunches, and numbers (10-11) are Liners or Tracers; (12-13) are Raising or Cushion Tools; (14) is a Setting-down Tool, as the straight side is higher than the round; (15) is a Half-round or Curved Tracer; (16) is a Cup or Ring Tool; (17) is a Pearling or Ball Tool; (18) is a Flatter or Facing Tool or Planisher; (19) is a Riffler or Riffle, used for filing the hollows and shaped surfaces in modelled and cast work.

(20) Drift, used for finishing a square hole to an accurate size.

(21) Creasing Iron

Used for knocking up and finishing beads, wired edges, etc.

Fig. 21. Metalworker's tools.

Fig. 21.-Metalworker's tools.

Description of Fig. 21 (continued).

(22) Tinman's Anvil

One edge is rounded off and one side is curved, but the curved edge is square. Made of wrought iron and faced with steel, hardened and polished. Must be kept polished and covered up.

(23) Hatchet Stake

The edge is of steel hardened and polished.

(24) Funnel Stake

Made of wrought iron and polished, not steel faced.

(25) Half-Moon Edging Stake

Faced with steel, hardened and polished.

(26) Pepper-Box Head-Stake Or Ball Head-Stake

Faced with steel and hardened and polished.

Note

Nos. (21-26) must be kept polished and well looked after, as any marks on these stakes are transferred to the metal. This also applies to Nos. (8) and (29). These are made in many sizes and weights, and are usually sold by the pound.