To illustrate the application of a previously constructed joint, i.e. half-lapped joint, to a simple woodworking model. The decoration provides an opportunity for tasteful treatment, and can be of various kinds, viz. gouged, chiselled, inlaid, or stencilled. The Joint should be made first as an exercise, the procedure for which is as follows:-

1. Plane up one piece American whitewood, 12 1/2 x

2 1/4 x 7/8 in. = 31.5 X 5.7 X 2.2 cm.

2. Mark face edge, shoot same, gauge and plane to width and thickness.

3. Pencil cross centre line in wood. Saw across.

4. Fix one piece in stops, mark width of the other piece at centre square lines across with marking knife. Repeat with second piece.

5. Square lines on edges, and gauge half-thickness on edges (gauge lines must be made from face side).

6. Cut lines with dovetail saw, and remove waste of each piece.

The Frame

1. Cut out 4 pieces of American whitewood, 12 1/2 x 1 3/4 x 7/8 in. = 31.5 x 4.5 x 2.2 cm.

2. Plane up face, side, and edge of each piece.

3. Gauge and plane up all pieces to width and thickness.

4. Fix all pieces in bench stop. Set out lines (A, B, C, D, E, F, Fig. 4) on edges with marking knife.

5. Separate pieces. Square lines on two pieces on face side. Square lines on two pieces on back side.

6. Gauge half-thickness on edges for joints from face side.

7. Cut inside line with dovetail saw, remove waste with firmer chisel.

8. Fit together and glue up. When dry level off on both sides.

9. Mark rebate on inside of frame on back, cut same with chisel.

10. Proceed with decorative work (see alternate treatments on opposite page). The Decoration must at such an early stage be easy of execution.

The first kind shown is single gouge cuts on the edge of the frame; this is best executed by holding the gouge in position with the left hand, striking it smartly with the palm of the right hand. Eight cuts are then made in each corner to form the device shown.

The Frame 8

Fig. 2.

The Frame 9

Fig. 3.

The Frame 10

Fig. 4.

The second treatment shown is executed on the edges with gouge and chisel; the corners have a simple recessed device.

The third treatment illustrates a stencilled pattern, which can be executed by drawing the design on paper, cutting the required portions away by means of gouge cuts (for stencilling refer also to bottom of this page). The fourth treatment consists of two differently coloured woods arranged four in a square. These should be cut from 1/8 in. wood and glued-like mosaic - into the groundwork.

The Outlines of the third and fourth examples vary; these should be set out geometrically and finished by paring with a firmer chisel.