127.   Proper Names. - Whenever it is desirable to indicate that a shorthand outline stands for a word that begins with a capital letter, as, for instance, a proper name, it may be done by placing underneath or at the left of the first stem two short parallel lines ; thus,—


128.    Period, Dash, and Interrogation. - The phonograpic period is a small x-shaped character (x), and the dash is written double (=). The sign of interrogation is made like Chay-Chay.