100. General Rule. - At the termination of outlines, the last stem of which is an r, sh, or / sign,—

I.   The upstroke is used if the word ends with a vowel-sound, and

II.   The downstroke is used if the word ends with a consonant-sound.



101. Exceptions. - In order to secure easier outlines for certain word-forms, a few exceptions are allowed to this rule. Thus, in the cases specified below, write the sh, I, and r stems as indicated, without reference to whether a vowel follows or not;

1. After Kay, Gay, Ree, En, and Ing use Ish.

2. After Ef and Vee use Shee.

3.   After Lee use Lee.

4.   After Ree use Ree. Examples:


102. The rule at 100 also applies in the case of outlines of words written with an r sign with an initially joined diphthong-sign. Examples:


Reading Exercise.


Writing Exercise.

103.   Ear, ore, hour {not our), raw, row (disturbance), rue (pro-nounced roo), array, era, tar, tyro, tear (pronounced teer), attire, dare, dairy, deer or dear, par, Perry, poor bare or bear, bureau, gear, far, farrow, affair, nigher, narrow, weigher, wiry, mayor, merry, layer. Josh, dash, dashy, push, lash, mush, mushy, tall, tally, dale, daily, duel, duly, pail or pale, polly, bill, below, coil, Kelly, gull, gully, follow, vale or veil, valley, shyly, early, Cosh, rush, rushy, knavish, rear.