300.   Loop for "Str."—The consonants str, with intervening unaccented vowel-sounds, as heard at the close of such words as master, castor, moisture, texture, etc., may be added to the simple end of any stem, by a large loop turned on the circle side (278).

301.   The Name of the Large Loop is "Breve-ster." Its stenotype is "str," or "sthr."

302.  Names of Stems-with Breve-ster are formed as follows: Chester, Reester, Fester, Ingster, Elster, Leester, etc.

303.   Size of Breve-ster. - The large loop should extend about two-thirds the length of the stem on which it is written.

304.  Breve-ster may be Used at the finish and in the middle of word outlines. Examples:


Remark. It is so difficult in rapid writing to make a large loop on the first end of steins that its use at the beginning of words is not allowed. The proper way of writing str in such words as stretch, street, strife, strong, stream, etc., is given in the next lesson.

305.   Independent Loops. - Either of the loops may be made without having a stem-sign to form one side of it. Such signs are called "Independent Loops," and are generally slanted in the direction of the stem Chay. They may either stand disconnected, or be used with other consonant-signs in writing word-outlines. Examples :


Remark. " Stated." - In order to fully distinguish between the outlines of stated and said or state, stated is written with the " independent loop." See the word stated in list of " Words and Phrases Specially Distinguished."

Reading Exercise.


Writing Exercise.

Duster, pastor, fester, master, lustre, teamster, Baxter, register, blaster, cloister, throwster, solicitor, Winchester, abstract, district, destruction, Chesterfield, post-master, extensive, institution [restitu tion], indistinct, extraction.

306. Abbreviations with Loop. - Each of the fol lowing abbreviations contains the small loop :


Remark. It will be noticed that the word first has two abbrevi ated forms, Fst and detached breve-est. The former (Fst) is the more natural and convenient, but, as some writers find difficulty in always keeping that form distinct from the abbreviation of next (Nst), an additional or optional form is provided for their benefit.

307. Breve-s in Phrases. - The words as, has, is, and his always, and us after prepositions only, may be added by breve-s. Leets for let-us is an exception.

Remark. Breve-s for us should be used very sparingly and only by verbatim reporters. It is always proper to write us with the stem Ess.

308.   Breve-sez in Phrases. - The words as, has, is, and his may be added by changing breve-s to breve-sez.

309.   Breve-est in Phrases. - The words the, it, and to may be added by changing breve-s to breve-est.

Remark. Since the introduction into the system of the new breve-sign for the (164), aside from the use of the independent loop for as the and is the, the looping of the circle to add the is not so much used as it was formerly.

310.    Breve-ster in Phrases. - The words there and their, and the phrase they-are, may be added by changing breve-s to breve-ster. The words store and stair are also sometimes written with breve-ster.



Key. (1.1) As fast as, as much as, as well as, has not, has been, it is not, his own, as has, as is, as his, is as, is his, (2) as soon as, this has been, it is said, as the, as to, as it is, is the, is to, is it as, it is the next, that is to say; as their, as there is, is their, is there not, (3) because there is, where is there ; book store, segar store, shoe store, dry-goods store, clothing store.

Remark. In writing the detached circles and loops, begin at the upper right-hand part, and move the pen over to the left. The movement should be opposite to that of the hands of a watch. The phrases as-fast-as and because-there-is are written according to the rule at 322.

311. "Well " in Phrases. - When following as or it in phrases, well is usually written with Lee or El without the hook. But at the beginning of phrases, and generally whenever the hook can be easily made, well should not be abbreviated. For examples see as-well-as under 310, and may-as-well, it-is-well-known, well-known, very-well, etc., in the List of Phrases. In writing is well standing alone, it is better to disjoin well and write it in full.

Reading Exercise.


Writing Exercise.

Mr. Lester (or Leicester), the barrister of Hester Square, is-a dabster at most things ; but he is-not called the Nestor of-the Westchester County Bar. Once a fine, proud rooster, thinking (148) that he surely was master, tried to-administer destruction to-a big Gloucester lobster with-a green coat and sinister looking eye ; but now the poor fowl lies on-a bolster, and not a vestige (305) of-a feather or spur can-he muster to again add luster to-his now extinct (305) fame.