Alexander Murray, an American naval officer, born at Chestertown, Md., in 1755, died in Philadelphia, Oct. 6, 1821. In 1776 he was appointed a lieutenant in the continental navy, but there being no employment for him afloat, he served through the campaigns of 1776-7 as lieutenant and captain in the first Maryland regiment, participating in the battles of Flatbush and White Plains. At the close of the campaign of 1777 he was appointed to the command of a letter of marque, in which he was captured by a British squadron and carried into New York. After his exchange he served as lieutenant in the Trumbull, in the action with the Iris and Gen. Monk off. the mouth of the Delaware. In 1798 he was made captain, and served in the West Indies, in command of the Montezuma, and afterward of the Constellation. In 1802 he commanded the Constellation in the Mediterranean; and an attack which he made upon a flotilla of 17 gunboats was the first affair of the war with Tripoli. At his death he was in command of the navy yard at Philadelphia, and was senior officer of the navy.

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Alexander Murray, a Scottish philologist, born at Dunkitterick, Kirkcudbrightshire, Oct. 22, 1775. died in Edinburgh, April 15, 1813. lie was the son of a shepherd, learned French, Latin. Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, Welsh, and Anglo-Saxon, and in 1794 entered the university of Edinburgh. In 1806 he was assistant pastor, and in 1808 became pastor of Urr in Kirkcudbrightshire. In 1811 he translated a letter in Geez or old Ethiopic, addressed to the king by the sovereign of Tigré in Abyssinia; and in the following year he was elected to the chair of oriental languages in the university of Edinburgh. His most important works are "Outlines of Oriental Philosophy" (Edinburgh, 1812), and "History of the European Languages, or Researches into the Affinities of the Teutonic, Greek, Celtic, Sclavonic, and Indian Nations" (1813). He also edited Bruce's " Travels," and contributed some philo-logical papers to the "Edinburgh Review".