Benjamin Gratz Brown, an American journalist and statesman, born in Lexington, Ky., May 28,1826. He is a member of a family of Virginian origin, the son of Mason Brown, and grandson of John Brown, United States senator from Kentucky. He graduated at the Transylvania university in 1845 and at Yale college in 1847, studied law at Louisville, and about 1850 took up nis residence in St. Louis. He was a member of the Missouri legislature from 1852 to 1858, and in 1857 delivered a speech which was regarded as initiating a movement in behalf of emancipation in that state. In 1854 he established the "Missouri Democrat," which subsequently led the Benton democracy through all phases of freesoilism, until it expanded into the republican party of Missouri. At the outbreak of the civil war he raised a regiment which assisted in the capture of Fort Jackson, and afterward commanded a brigade of militia. He promoted the act of emancipation of 1864. From 1863 to 1867 he was United States senator from Missouri, and in 1870 was elected governor of the state.

In 1872 he was nominated for vice president of the United States, on the ticket headed by Horace Greeley, by the liberal republican convention at Cincinnati and the democratic convention at Baltimore.