Buck, the male of several wild animals of the deer family, and especially the male of the fallow deer of England, dama vulgaris. The term buck is also applied correctly to males of the roe (capreolus caprcea) of Europe, of the spotted axis (axis maeiulata) of India, of the antelopes, and of the wild and domestic goat; improperly to the male of the American deer (cariacus Virginianus), of the black-tailed deer (C macrotis), and of the .Mexican deer (C. Mexicanus). It is also improperly applied to the American elk or wapiti (cervus Canadensis), as the true name of the males of such deer as rank as cervi is stag or hart, while that of the female is hind. Wherever the word buck is correct of the male, doe is proper for the female. The young of both are indiscriminately known as fawns, though the young of the stag is properly called a calf. (See Deer, and Fallow Deer).
Bucks, an E. county of Pennsylvania, bordering on New Jersey, aud bounded 1ST. E. by the Delaware river, which is here navigable for steamboats; area, 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 64,336. This was one of the three original counties founded in 1682 by William Penn. It possesses valuable quarries of limestone and sandstone; and iron, plumbago, titanium, and zircon are found in some localities. The northern part is hilly; the remainder of the surface is moderately uneven; the whole is in a high state of cultivation. The Philadelphia and Trenton, the North Pennsylvania, and the Doylestown railroads pass through the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 525,740 bushels of wheat, 94,095 of rye, 1,325,626 of Indian corn, 1,208,717 of oats, 372,979 of potatoes, 118,014 tons of hay, 125,479 lbs. of cheese, 2,861,557 of butter, and 151,372 of tobacco. There were 14,679 horses, 28,572 milch cows, 8,620 other cattle, 7,404 sheep, and 25,159 swine. Capital, Doylestown.