Samuel Irenseus, an American clergyman, born at Ballston, N. Y., Nov. 4, 1812. He graduated at Williams college, Mass., in 1829, studied theology at Princeton, and entered the ministry of the Presbyterian churchy He preached for one year in his native town,' and for three years in a parish on the Hudson, opposite Newburgh. Since 1840 he has been editor of the " New York Observer." His contributions under the signature "Irenseus" have had much popularity, and the " Observer " has become one of the leading periodicals in the country. He has several times visited Europe, and has published sketches of his travels under the titles "Travels in Europe and the East" (2 vols., New York, 1855), " Letters from Switzerland " (1860), and " The Alhambra and the Kremlin " (1873). He has also published " The Old "White Meeting House, or Reminiscences of a Country Congregation " (1845); "Life in New York" (1845); "Annals of the English Bible," an abridgment and continuation of the work of Anderson (1849); " Thoughts on the Death of Little Children " (1850); "The Power of Prayer," a sketch of the Fulton street prayer meeting (1859; translated into several languages), followed by a volume entitled "Five Years of Prayer " (1864), and another entitled " Fifteen Years of Prayer " (1872); " The Bible in the Levant" (1859); " Memoirs of Rev. Nicholas Murray " (1862); "Under the Trees," and "Life of S. F. B. Morse " (1874). He has received the degree of D. D. from Hampden Sidney college, Va.
Edward Dorr Griffin, an American journalist, brother of the preceding, born at Cambridge, N. Y., Nov. 2, 1814. He graduated at Union college in 1832, and at Princeton seminary in 1838, and was pastor of a Presbyterian church at Scotchtown, N. Y., from 1839 to 1851. He became associate editor of the " New York Observer " in 1853, was foreign correspondent of the same and chaplain at Rome in 1854-'5, resumed his editorship in 1855, and became one of the proprietors in 1865. In 1869-70 he visited California, Japan, China, India, Egypt, and the Holy Land, and on his return published " Around the World: Sketches of Travel through many Lands and over many Seas." He has also written "Forty Years in the Turkish Empire, or Memoirs of Rev. William Goodell, D. D., Missionary of the A. B. C. F. M." (1875).
William Cowper, an American author, brother of the preceding, born at Cambridge, N. Y., Oct. 31,1825. He graduated at Princeton college, N. J., in 1843, and became a member of the bar in the city of New York, where he practised his profession till 1861, when he became a proprietor of the New York " Journal of Commerce" newspaper, of which he was for some years editor. Among his miscellaneous publications are: " The Owl Creek Letters" (1848), consisting of papers originally contributed to the "Journal of Commerce;" " The Old House by the River " (1853); and "Later Years" (1854). In 1855-'6 he travelled extensively in the East and elsewhere, and published " Boat Life in Egypt and Nubia " (1857), and "Tent Life in the Holy Land" (1857). He has since published " Coins, Medals, and Seals" (4to, 1861); "O Mother, Dear Jerusalem! the old Hymn, its History and Genealogy" (1865); and "I go a-Fishing" (1873). He has edited with an introduction a facsimile of Albert Durer's Die Kleine Passion (4to, 1868).