Sandemanians, a sect of Christians who originally separated from the Presbyterian church of Scotland. Their actual founder was the Rev. John Glass, a native of Dundee (1695-1773), and they were at first known as Glass-ites; but subsequently they were called Sande-manians, from the Rev. Robert Sandeman, the son-in-law of Glass, who reduced his opinions to a system. Sandeman was born in Perth about 1720, and in 1764 settled in Danbury, Conn., where he died in 1771. Under his influence churches were gathered in the principal cities of Scotland, in Newcastle, London, and other English cities, and in several towns of Connecticut and Massachusetts. But few of these remain; the most important are at Dundee, Edinburgh, and Danbury. The number of persons at present belonging to the sect is probably less than 2,000. The peculiarities of the Sandemanians are their construction of the word "faith," which they interpret as simple assent to the teaching and divinity of Christ; rejection of all mystical or double sense from the Scriptures; prohibition of all games of chance; weekly love feasts, being the dinner of all the church together on every Sunday; the kiss of brotherhood, which passes between all the members, male and female, at their solemn meetings; strict abstinence from all blood and "things strangled," according to the Jewish precept; plurality of elders, two at least being required for all acts of discipline and all administration of ritual; prohibition of college training; and the absence of prayer at their funerals.
Their religious services are confined mostly to the reading and explanation of Scriptures; and where there is no special church, the meetings are held in the houses of the brethren. The custom of washing feet is now discontinued. - See the writings of John Glass (4 vols. 8vo, Edinburgh, 1762).