Adalbert (Pol Bogislawski

Adalbert (Pol Bogislawski. Wojciech), a Polish actor and dramatist, born at Glinna, near Posen, in 1752, died in Warsaw, July 23, 1829. He went upon the stage in Warsaw in 1778, and from that epoch to 1809, at which time he was finally settled as the manager of the theatre in Warsaw, he wandered through Poland, establishing theatres in various cities. He translated plays and operas from the French, English, and Italian, and composed many original dramas of a national character. His plays were published at Warsaw in 1820-25, in"9 vols.; and his original works were collected in 3 vols., 1849-'54.

Adalbert Gyrowetz

Adalbert Gyrowetz, a Bohemian composer, born in Budweis, Feb. 19,175:3, died in Vienna in 1850. He studied counterpoint under Sala, and was as well skilled on the violin as on the piano. In 1804 he was appointed director of the orchestra of the imperial theatre in Vienna. Among his operas are "Semiramis," "Agnes Sorel," "The Oculist," and "The Blind Harpist." He also composed melodramas, ballets, numerous instrumental works and vocal pieces, but excelled most in symphonies. His autobiography appeared in Vienna in 1848.

Adalbert Kuhn

Adalbert Kuhn, a German philologist, born at Konigsberg, Brandenburg, Nov. 19, 1812. He studied in Berlin under Bopp, Bockh, and Lachmann, and became in 1841 teacher and in 1856 professor at the gymnasium of Cologne. He acquired celebrity in comparative philology and as the founder of the science of comparative Indo-Germanic mythology. His principal works are: Zur altesten Geschichte der in-dogermanischen Volker (Berlin, 1845; enlarged in Weber's Indische Studien, Berlin, 1850); Die Herabkunft des Feuers und des Gotter-tranks (1859); and Sagen, Gebrauche und Marchen aus Westphalen (2 vols., Leipsic, 1859). He is the editor of a periodical devoted to the comparative philology of the French, Greek, and Latin, and edits with Schleicher a similar publication relating to the East-Aryan, Celtic, and Slavic languages. He has written numerous essays for these periodicals, and many on Ger-manjnythology and legends in other regions.

Adam Black

Adam Black, a Scottish publisher, born in Edinburgh in 1784. In conjunction with his brother Charles he established a publishing firm in Edinburgh, well known in connection with Sir Walter Scott's works, the " Edinburgh Review," and the "Encyclopaedia Britannica," to the 8th edition of which Mr. Black contributed several articles. He avowed liberal opinions at a time when they were unfashionable, and joined warmly in the movement to secure parliamentary and municipal reform. He was elected twice to the office of lord provost of Edinburgh, which he occupied from 1843 to 1848. During a visit to England, while holding that position, he declined the honor of knighthood. In February, 1856, on the final retirement of Mr. Macaulay from the representation of Edinburgh, Mr. Black was unanimously chosen to succeed him, and held the seat till 1865. He advocated parliamentary reform and the ballot.