Abraham Jacobi, an American physician, born at Hartum, Westphalia, May 6, 1830. He graduated at the university of Bonn in 1851, and was a political prisoner for nearly two years, after which he went to London, and in the autumn of 1853 to New York. Here he acquired reputation in obstetrics and diseases of women and children, and was professor at the New York medical college from 1860 to 1869, and subsequently at the college of physicians and surgeons. He has published "Dentition and its Derangements" (New York, 1862), "The Raising and Education of Abandoned Children in Europe" (1870), etc.; and he was one of the authors of " Contributions to Midwifery," etc. (1859), and from 1868 to 1871 an editor of the " American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children."
Abraham Janssens, a Flemish painter, born in Antwerp in 1569, died about 1631. He enjoyed the highest reputation in Antwerp until Rubens established himself there after his residence in Italy. In vigor of coloring he is scarcely inferior to Rubens.
Abraham Rees, a British scholar, born at Llanbrynmair, Wales, in 1743, died June 9, 1825. He studied for the ministry at Hoxton academy, near London, and was appointed tutor there in his 19th year, which post he retained for more than 22 years. In 1768 he became also pastor of a Presbyterian congregation in Southwark, and in 1783 in the Old Jewry. From 1786 to 1795 he was also president of the dissenting academy at Hackney. He was a fellow of the royal society of London, and of the Linnaean society. Many of his sermons were published. In 1776 he was engaged to edit a new edition of Chambers's "Cyclopaedia," which was completed in 1786 (4 vols. fol.); and in 1802 he began "Rees's Cyclopaedia," which was completed in 45 vols. 4to in 1819.
Achille De Harlay, a French jurist, born in Paris, March 7, 1536, died there in October, 1616. He belonged to an ancient family, and married a daughter of De Thou, whom he succeeded in 1582 as first president of the Paris parliament. His admirers called him the Christian Cato, on account of his virtues and piety, and he was equally distinguished by his devotion to the crown during one of the most stormy periods of French history. He published La coutume d' Orleans (Paris, 1583).
Achille Valenciennes, a French naturalist, born in Paris, Aug. 9, 1794, died there, April 14, 1865. In 1830 he became professor of anatomy in the normal school. In 1844 he succeeded Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in the academy of sciences. His works include Histoire naturelle des poissons, commenced with Cuvier (11 vols., Paris, 1829-49), and Histoire naturelle des mollusques, des annelides et des zoophytes (1833).
See Achilles Tatius. '
Acislo Antonio Palomino De Castro Y Valasco, a Spanish painter, born in Bujalance in 1653, died in Madrid, April 13, 1726. He studied theology, philosophy, and jurisprudence at Cordova, but devoted himself secretly to painting. In 1678 he went to Madrid, and in 1688 was appointed painter to the king. Among his chief productions are the fresco in the church of San Juan del Mercado in Valencia, that of the "Triumph of Religion " in the convent of San Esteban in Salamanca, and others in Granada, and a series of altarpieces at Cordova. After the death of his wife in 1725 he took orders. He published El museo pictorico y escala optica (Madrid, 1715-24), and Vidas de los pintores y estatuarios eminentes espa-floles (8 vols., London, 1739-42), translated into German, French, and English.