Auguste Gaspard Louis Boneher Desnoyers

Auguste Gaspard Louis Boneher Desnoyers, baron, a French engraver, born in Paris, Dec. 20, 1779, died there, Feb. 15, 1857. At the age of 20 he received a prize of 2,000 francs for an engraving of Venus disarming Cupid, and in 1801 established his reputation by the reproduction of Raphael's " Beautiful Gardener," in the gallery of the Luxembourg. His most admired productions are copies of Raphael's works, and prominent among them is an engraving of the "Transfiguration." He was elected a member of the institute in 1816, appointed chief engraver to the king in 1825, created baron in 1828, and officer of the legion of honor in 1835.

Auguste Lepclletier De Chambire

Auguste Lepclletier De Chambire, a French soldier, born at Vitteaux, Burgundy, March 31, 1789, died of the cholera in Paris, July 12, 1832. By his audacity in the Napoleonic wars in Spain and Germany, and especially at Dant-zic in 1813, he became known as le diable, and his corps franc of 100 men as the infernal regiment. After the capitulation of Dantzic he surrendered to the prince of Wurtemberg, who sent him as a prisoner to Presburg. He was released in 1815 and restored to a military command in France; but in 1816 he was accused of a highway robbery upon two English officers, fled to Belgium, and in his absence was sentenced to hard labor for life. Pardoned in 1820, he prevailed upon Ary Scheffer and other eminent artists to prepare designs for his Napoleon et ses contemporains, which work achieved success owing to its magnificent illustrations. After the accession of Louis Philippe he became attached to the staff of Marshal Soult, minister of war.

Auguste Marseille Barthelemy

Auguste Marseille Barthelemy, a French poet, born in Marseilles in 1796, died there, Aug. 23, 1867. He excelled as a satirist, and his Rome a Paris (1826) passed through many editions. About 1825 he formed a literary part-nership with Mery, another satirical poet, and together they published La Villeliade, an attack on the ministry of Villele, and in 1828 Napoleon en Egypte, copies of which were sent to every member of the Bonaparte family. In 1829 he published Le fils de l'homme, an account of a visit to the duke of Reichstadt, for which he was fined and imprisoned. He was alternately a satirist of the government and of the opposition, his course being determined by pensions, fines, and imprisonments. Among the latest of his many productions was Le deux decemore (1852), a vindication of Louis Napoleon's coup d'etat.

Augustus Montague Toplady

Augustus Montague Toplady, an English clergyman, born in Farnham, Surrey, Nov. 4, 1740, died in London, Aug. 11, 1778. He was educated at Westminster school and Trinity college, Dublin, took orders, and obtained the living of Broad Hembury in Devonshire. In 1775 he removed to London and preached in a chapel in Leicester square. For several years he edited the " Gospel Magazine." His fame rests principally upon his controversial writings against the Methodists, and a few hymns. He was the great champion of Calvinism in the church of England. An edition of his works was issued in 1794 (6 vols. 8vo; last ed., with "Life," 1 vol. 8vo, 1869).