Batchian, Or Batjan, one of the northern group of the Molucca or Spice Islands, in lat. 0° 35' S., lon. 127° 35' E., between the islands of Gilolo and Tawali, separated from the latter by a narrow strait; area, 800 sq. m. A low isthmus, on which is the small town of Batchian, connects the N. and S. parts of the island, both of which are mountainous, while the S. portion is volcanic. There are some navigable streams, alluvial plains, and luxuriant palm forests. The clove tree grows wild. The interior of the island .is uninhabited, but on the coast there are a few Portuguese, Malays, and Indians driven from neighboring islands. Gold, copper, and coal are found in the north. The Dutch extend their authority over the island, but the government is administered by a native sultan.
Bates, a W. county of Missouri, on the Kansas frontier, watered by the Osage river and its tributaries; area, 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,960, of whom 120 were colored. The surface is chiefly rolling prairie. The chief productions in 1870 were 104,533 bushels of wheat, 910,266 of Indian corn, 168,621 of oats, 47,118 of potatoes, and 25,350 lbs. of wool. There were 7,331 horses, 1,038 mules and asses, 5,507 milch cows, 11,798 other cattle, 11,294 sheep, and 21,701 swine. Capital, Butler.
Batenites. See Assassins.
Bathurst Inlet, an arm of the Arctic ocean, projecting due S. about 75 m. out of Coronation gulf, lat. 68° N., lon. 111o W. It is in a direct line between the magnetic pole and Great Slave lake, and about 300 m. from each.
Bathyanyi. See Batthyanyi.
Bathyllus Of Alexandria, a freedman and favorite of Maacenas, who, together with Py-lades of Cilicia, was preeminent in the imitative dances called pantomimi. In the reign of Augustus, with Bathyllusand Pylades as principal performers, pantomimes were brought to their highest point of perfection, but they afterward grew more and more obscene and demoralized. Bathyllus excelled in the representation of comic characters, and Pylades in tragic personifications. Each had his school and disciples, and each was the head of a party.
Batoka, a tribe of S. Africa, who occupy two considerable islands in the river Leeam-bye, and the adjacent country on either bank. They formerly held wide sway, but are now for the most part subject to the Barotse. The Batoka universally knock out the upper front teeth of both sexes at the age of puberty. They are very degraded, and addicted to smoking the mutokwane (cannabis sativa), from the effects of which they become delirious.
Batrachians. See Amphibia.
Batsman. See Batchian.
Batta. See Batak.
Batteusea, a parish of Surrey, England, 4 m. S. W. of St. Paul's cathedral, forming one of the suburbs of London; pop. in 1871, 10,560. A wooden bridge over the Thames connects this parish with Chelsea, and a suspension bridge with the metropolis. It was formerly much occupied by market gardeners, who supplied London with vegetables, but is now building up with villas.