Cape Spartivento

Cape Spartivento (anc. Herculis Promon-lorivm), a promontory of southern Italy, forming the S. E. extremity of Calabria Ultra, extending into the Mediterranean in lat. 37° 57' N., Ion. 16° 5' E. Many of the ancients considered it the southernmost point of Italy, and Strabo always so" describes it; but the majority appear to have held Cape Leucopetra (the modern Capo dell' Armi) to be further S. The extreme point is in reality about midway between the two.

Cape St. Vincent

Cape St. Vincent (anc. Promontorium Sacrum), a headland at the S. W. extremity of Portugal. Off this cape, Feb. 14, 1797, an English naval force, consisting of 15 ships of the line, under Admiral Jervis, defeated a more numerous Spanish fleet.

Cape Trafalgar

See Trafalgar.

Cape Verd

Cape Verd, the most westerly cape of the W. coast of Africa, between the rivers Senesal and Gambia; lat. 14° 43' N., Ion. 17° 34' W. It was discovered in 1446 by the Portuguese navigator Diniz Fernandez.

Cape Verd #1

See Cape Verd.

Cape Vincent

Cape Vincent, a township and port of entry of Jefferson co., N. Y.; pop. of the township in 1870, 3,342; of the village, 1,269. The township borders on the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario; and the village is situated on the St. Lawrence, opposite Kingston, Canada, at the terminus of the Rome and Watertown railroad, and has a steamboat landing and a ship yard.

Capercailzie

See Grouse.

Capernaum

Capernaum, a town of Palestine, often mentioned in the New Testament, and memorable as the scene of many of the works of Jesus. The town seems to have been on the W. coast of the sea of Gennesareth; but travellers differ as to its exact locality. A long series of traditions identified it with a ruined village, known at present as Khan Minyeh, until the 17th century; since then it has generally been fixed at Tell Hum, a spot further N. on the seacoast. Dr. Robinson inclines to restore the ancient tradition, while Capt. Wilson, the latest explorer, decides in favor of Tell Hum.

Ruins of Synagogue at Tell Hum.

Ruins of Synagogue at Tell Hum.

Capet

Capet, an appellation given to Hugues, or Hugh, the first king of the third French dynasty. That the name comes in some way from the Latin caput, head, is certain. Some suppose it to have indicated that Hugh hada little head; others that he had a big head; others that he was " heady," or self-willed; while others suppose that the name came from the capa, or hooded cope, which he was accustomed to wear. The name Capet was officially assigned to Louis XVI. after the insurrection of Aug. 10, 1792, in accordance with the law which ordered that all nobles should give up their feudal designation, and be known by the original name of their family.

Capias

Capias (Lat. capio, to take), a name given to several species of judicial writs, the command of which to the officer is that he take the person against whom they are directed into custody for a purpose specified. The principal of these are the capias ad respondendum, which issues at the commencement of a suit, and commands the officer to take the defendant into custody to answer the plaintiff's action, and the capias ad satisfaciendum, which commands the body of a party to be taken and detained in custody to satisfy a judgment rendered against him. Besides the writs against the person, there is also the capias in withernam, which directs the sheriff to take goods of a distrainor equal in value to those which he had distrained wrongfully, and removed from the county or concealed so that they could not be taken on process. The capias utlagatum, formerly issued for the arrest of an outlaw, also sometimes contained a special command that the goods of the outlaw be taken.