Cardross, a town of Dumbartonshire, Scotland, on the Clyde, 4 m. N. W. of Dumbarton; pop. about 8,000. It has bleacheries and cotton manufactories, and is celebrated for its Castle hill, the name given to the site where once stood the castle which Robert Bruce built, and where he died, June 7, 1329.


Carduohi, an ancient warlike tribe, who inhabited the mountainous regions between Mesopotamia and modern Persia, now named Kurdistan, and are supposed to have been the ancestors of the present Kurds. They were famous for their skill in archery, and baffled all the attempts of Persian monarchs to subdue them. The retreat of the 10,000 Greeks, after the battle of Cunaxa, lay through the country of the Carduchi, and was harassed by constant attacks from the natives. Xenophon gives an account of their habits and modes of life.

Carey. I. Henry

Carey. I. Henry, an English poet and musician, a natural son of George Savile, marquis of Halifax, born near the end of the 17th century, committed suicide, Oct. 4, 1743. " God save the King " has been attributed to him, and the ballad of " Sally in our Alley" is his. In 1729 he. published a volume of poems, and in 1732 six cantatas written and set to music by himself. He wrote several operatic farces, two of which, "Chrononhotonthologos" (1734) and " The Dragon of Wantley " (1737), met with great success. His songs were published in 1740, and his dramatic works in 1743. II. George Savile, an English dramatic poet, son of the preceding, died in 1807. He was first a printer, but became an actor, and spent 40 years in composing and singing popular and patriotic songs. He was also the author of several farces.

Caribbean Sea

Caribbean Sea, that portion of the Atlantic lying between Cuba, Santo Domingo, and Porto Rico on the north, Venezuela and Colombia on the south, the Lesser Antilles on the east, and Central America and Yucatan on the west, and communicating with the gulf of Mexico through a channel about 120 m. wide, extending from the W. point of Cuba to the E. point of Yucatan. Its shores are high and rocky, and contain some gulfs of considerable extent. Its navigation for the most part is clear and open.

Caribbee Islands

See Antilles, and West Indies.


Carica, a genus of plants belonging to the natural order of papayacece, containing about 10 species, natives of tropical America. They form small trees, generally without branches, with large, variously lobed leaves, resembling those of some kinds of palms. The male and female flowers are usually on different trees. The fruit is fleshy. The most remarkable species is the C. papaya, or papaw tree. (See Papaw.) The G. digitata or spinosa, found in Brazil and Guiana, where it is called the chambura, is about 20 ft. high, with spiny stem and branches. Its juice is very acrid, causing blisters and itching when applied to the skin. The fruit is insipid and eaten only by ants; and the flowers emit a stercoraceous odor.

Carica spinosa.

Carica spinosa.