Carignano, Or Carignan

Carignano, Or Carignan, a town of Italy, on the Po, in the province and 10 m. S. of Turin; pop. about 8,000. It is noted for its manufactures of silk twist and confectionery. It lias several fine churches. Carignano was acquired by the house of Savoy early in the 15th century, and Duke Charles Emanuel I. gave it in 1630 as an apanage to his youngest son, Tom-maso. This prince became the founder of the younger line of Savoy, which in 1831 ascended the throne of Sardinia with Charles Albert, and is now the royal house of Italy. A branch of this family received in 1834 the title of princes of Savoy-Carignan.


Carini, a town of Sicily, in the province and 10 m. W. N. W. of Palermo; pop. about 10,000. It is beautifully situated on a small river of the same name, standing on a steep eminence about 3 m. from the sea, and has a fine old Gothic castle. Near it are vestiges of the ancient Hyccara, the birthplace of Lais.


Caripe, a town and valley of Venezuela, 40 m. S. E. of Cumana. The valley is noted for a cavern frequented by a species of night hawk (caprimulgus), the young of which are annually destroyed in great numbers for the sake of their fat, of which excellent oil is made. The cave is of limestone formation, 2,800 ft. deep, and for some distance 60 to 70 ft. high. Humboldt visited and described this cavern. The town is the principal station of the Chayma Indian missions.

Carl Claf Bjorling

Carl Claf Bjorling, a Swedish prelate and author, born at Westeras. Oct. 17, 1804. He is a graduate of Upsal, and became a teacher of mathematics and afterward of history. He was ordained in 1844, was promoted to the deanery of Westeras in 1852, and in 18G6 he was consecrated bishop of that diocese. The principal of his various learned works (in Latin) is Dogmata Religionis Christianae ad For-mulam Doctrinaae, etc. (2 parts, 1847-'69; 2d edition of the first part, 1866).

Carl Panl Caspari

Carl Panl Caspari, a German theologian, born at Dessau, Feb. 8, 1814. He studied in Leipsic and Berlin, and in 1857 became professor of divinity at the university of Christiania in Norway. He has written a number of critical works on Biblical subjects, including treatises on Obadiah, Isaiah, Micah, Daniel, and the apostolic symbols, and has been active as joint editor of the Lutheran Tidskrift of Copenhagen. A third edition of his Grammatica Ara-bica appeared in 1866.


Carlino (Carlo Antonio Bertinazzi), an Italian pantomimist, born in Turin in 1713, died in Paris, Sept. 7,1783. He entered the Sardinian army at an early age, but at the death of his father, who was an officer, he quitted the service, and taught fencing and dancing. His favorite occupation, however, was playing comedy with his pupils, and his success in it suggested the idea of making it a profession. The harlequin of the Bologna theatre having run away from his creditors, Bertinazzi took his place, and the public did not suspect the substitution until the fourth performance. In 1741 he was invited to Paris, where he performed with success. He had a remarkable faculty of dramatic improvisation.