Cekeis, the name given to several species of cactus. The largest and most remarkable is the cereus giganteus, called by the Mexicans saguaro, found chiefly in New Mexico and Texas, between lat. 30° and 35° N. It grows from a globular form to a tall, upright, remarkably regular cylinder, which sometimes throws out branches which at a short distance from the trunk turn and grow parallel with it. The old plants often attain a height of GO ft. They bear a light cream-colored flower, and a fruit with a green rind and crimson pulp, pleasant to the taste. - For the night-blooming cereus (cactus grandiflorw), see Cactus.
Cekobite (Gr. , common, and , life), a person who lives in community with others under a common rule. The term is usually applied to the members of some religious association who live in common. In very ancient times the Brahmans of India formed such associations. St. Pachomius established a ccenobium or monastic institution on Tabenna?, an island of the Nile, in the year 340/ Those members of religious orders living in cloisters and convents were called cenobites, as distinguished from the anchorites who lived in solitude.
Celcstin Hippeau, a French author, born in Niort, May 11, 1803. He studied in his native town, and in 1855 was sent on an educational mission to England, and in 1867 to the United States to report on American education. His principal works are: Histoire de la philosophie ancienne et moderne (1863); Histoire du gou-vernement de la Normandie (9 vols., 1863-'73); and Dictionnaire de la langue francaise an douzieme et treizieme siecle (1873).
Celeres, in Roman antiquity, a body guard instituted by Romulus, composed of 300 young men of the most illustrious families. They were elected by the suffrages of the 30 curia?, each of which furnished 10. The name has been derived by some from the name of their first chief, but more probably was given to them in allusion to the rapidity with which they executed their orders. Their commander was called the tribune of the celeres, and was, after the king, the highest officer in the state. This office was held by Brutus when he expelled the Tarquins from Rome. The celeres are thought by Niebuhr to have been the patricians in general, so called because they could keep horses or fought on horseback, and thus to correspond with the later equites or knights.
Celeste Venard Chabrillan, countess de, a French author, born in Paris, Dec. 27, 1824. Driven from her home by the brutality of her stepfather and the ill treatment of her mother, she became an actress and a circus rider, and was disreputably noted under the name of Mogador. In 1854 she published Adieux au mondc, memoires de Celeste Mogador (5 vols.), which was suppressed, as well as the second edition (4 vols., 1858). She married in 1853 the count Lionel de Chabrillan, who became consul at Melbourne. After his death (Dec. 29,1858) she returned to Paris, and was an actress and manager of the Folies Marigny theatre (1862-'4), where some of her plays were performed. She has written several novels, including Memoires d^une honnete fille (1865).