Chiltern Hundreds

Chiltern Hundreds, a small hilly district extending through part of Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, England, to which a nominal office is attached in the gift of the crown, the person chosen to fill it being called the steward of the Chiltern Hundreds. This office is associated with a parliamentary usage of England. A member of the house of commons cannot directly resign his seat; to accomplish that object indirectly, it is customary for a member wishing to resign to accept a nominal office under the crown, such as the stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds, whereby his seat in parliament is vacated, and a new writ is issued.

Chimaera

Chimaera, in Grecian mythology, a three-headed, fire-breathing monster, sprung from Typhon and Echidna, and killed by Bellerophon. The fore part of its body was that of a lion, the hind part that of a dragon, and the middle part that of a goat; while it had three heads, each of which resembled that of one of the three animals. It was described by the poets as committing great ravages in Caria and Lycia, and some critics suppose that the myth was suggested by the volcano called Chi-meera near Phaselis in Lycia. Works of art have recently been discovered in Lycia on which the Chimsera is represented, not as a monster of triune conformation, but in the simple form of a species of lion still found in that region. The term chimaera, applied figuratively to a vain, idle fancy, is derived from this fabled monster.

Chimaphila

Chimaphila (Gr.Chimaphila 0400189 winter, andChimaphila 0400190 a friend), a drug consisting of the leaves of chi-mapkila iimbellata, a small evergreen plant called wintergreen or pipsissewa, belonging to the heath family, growing in the northern latitudes of both continents. The leaves contain a resin, a bitter principle, a volatile oil, and tannic acid, all of which contribute to its medicinal efficacy. It is used in affections of the kidneys and urinary passages, acting as a diuretic and astringent. Decoctions and extracts are employed. C. maculata probably possesses similar virtues. The dose of the decoction is a pint in 24 hours; of the fluid extract, half a dram to a dram.

Chimay

Chimay, the name of a little principality in the Belgian province of Hainaut, with a thriving capital of the same name on the river Blanche, in the arrondissement of Charieroi. In former times it belonged to the lords of Croy. In 1470 it was made a county by Charles the Bold of Burgundy, and in 1486 a principality by Maximilian of Hapsburg. After passing through various hands, it came by inheritance in the beginning of this century to the French family Riquet de Caraman.

Chimera

Chimera, a name given to the holocephalous suborder of the selacians or sharks, from their strange appearance. (See Sea Cat.)

Bellerophon on Pegasus attacking the Chimaera.

Bellerophon on Pegasus attacking the Chimaera.