Diego Saavedra Y Faxardo

See Faxardo.


Diest, a town and fortress of Belgium, in the province of South Brabant, situated on the Demer, and on the railway from Antwerp to Liege, 32 m. N. E. of Brussels; pop. in 1866, 7,561. It has a college, several breweries, and flourishing manufactories of hosiery and woollens. Its only remarkable building is the church of St. Sulpicius. Its beer is celebrated, and large quantities are exported. Marlborough captured the town in 1705, but in the same year the French retook it and dismantled the fortifications.

Dietrich Monten

Dietrich Monten, a German artist, born in Diisseldorf in 1799, died in Munich, Dec. 13, 1843. He studied at the academy of his native city, and under Peter Hess at Munich, became eminent as a painter of battles, and was employed by Cornelius in preparing the battle scenes of one of his most celebrated frescoes. Among his most esteemed works are " The Departure of the Poles from their Fatherland in 1831," "The Death of Max Piccolon.ini," " The Death of Gustavus Adolphus," and " The Death of Duke Frederick William of Brunswick in the Battle of Quatre-Bras".

Differential Calculus

See Calculus.

Diffraction Of Light

See Light.


Digby, a W. S. W. county of Nova Scotia, bordering on the Atlantic; area, about 1,300 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 17,037. Long island and Digby neck, a long headland, enclose St. Mary's bay on the N. W. The surface is diversified with numerous mountains, valleys, and lakes, the last named giving rise to several rivers. Copper and silver ores are found. Capital, Digby.


Digne (anc. Dinia), a town of Provence, France, capital of the department of Basses-Alpes, situated near the Bleone, 69 m. N. N. E. of Marseilles; pop. in 1866, 7,002. It is the seat of a Catholic bishop, a court of the first resort, a communal college, a theological seminary, and a normal school. It has a public library of about 3,000 volumes, and manufactories of leather, cloth, and hats. Its situation is picturesque, but the streets are crooked, and the houses very poor. In 1629 the plague reduced the population from 10,000 to 1,500.


Dill, the common name of the anethum graveolens (Linn.), an annual plant of the natural order umbelliferoe, a native of Spain, but naturalized in the south of France and Germany, and cultivated in gardens in the United States. It has an upright smooth stem, much dissected leaves, yellow flowers, and small oblong seeds, with sharp, filiform dorsal ridges. The seeds and oil distilled from them are aromatic, but have no properties to distinguish them from many other members of the same class of substances. The seeds are imported in large quantities from the south of France into England, where they are employed in the manufacture of British gin. In Germany they are used in pickling cucumbers and in the flavoring of sour crout.

Dill (Anethum graveolens).

Dill (Anethum graveolens).