Elbert, a N. E. county of Georgia, separated from South Carolina by the Savannah river, bounded S. and W. by Broad river; area, 514 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,249, of whom 4,8G3 were colored. The surface is hilly, and the soil, particularly near the rivers, is fertile. Near the Savannah river are several remarkable artificial mounds, one of which is 40 or 50 ft. high and has a large cedar growing on its summit. The chief productions in 1870 were 22,736 bushels of wheat, 140,435 of Indian corn, 13,263 of oats, and 3,035 bales of cotton. There were 1,051 horses, 1,848 milch cows, 2,957 other cattle, and 7,097 swine. Capital, Elberton.
Elcesaites, a sect of Asiatic Gnostics, founded in the reign of Trajan, about the beginning of the 2d century, a branch of the Jewish Essenes, kindred to and finally confounded with the Ebionites. A Jew named Elxai or Elkesai is supposed to have been their founder. Their most distinctive tenet was that man is but a mass of matter in which the divine power is concealed. They believed in the repeated and continuous incarnation of Christ, were tenacious of their oaths, practised circumcision, abstained from meat, favored early marriages, and rejected portions of the Old Testament and the epistles of Paul.
Elche (anc. Ilici), a town of Spain, in the province and 16 m. S. W. of the city of Alicante, on the river Tarafa, 10 m. from the Mediterranean; pop. (including the surrounding plantations) about 20,000. It is girdled on every side by forests of palm trees, and has been named the city of palms. The chief industry is the culture of dates, which is conducted with great skill. The leaves of the male and barren female palms are sent to all parts of Spain for use in the processions and decorations of Palm Sunday.
Eleazar (Heb., God is help), the name of several ancient Hebrews, of whom the following are the most important. I. The third son of Aaron, who held in his father's lifetime the oversight of the Levitical order, and on Aaron's death was raised to the dignity of high priest. His pontificate was contemporary with the military government of Joshua, and the book of Joshua closes with an account of his death and burial. II. One of David's three mighty men, who smote the Philistines till his hand was weary, and who with two others broke through the Philistine host to bring to David a draught of water from the well at Bethlehem.
Electra, in Greek legend, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, and sister of Orestes, Iphigenia, and Chrysothemis. The crimes of her mother and AEgisthus threw her into great distress. Fearing for the life of her younger brother Orestes, she sent him under the protection of a slave to King Strophius of Phocis. When he was grown up to manhood she instigated him to avenge their father's death, and became his accomplice in the murder of their mother. She subsequently married her brother's friend Pylades, and became the mother of Medon and Strophius. Her tomb was shown in later times in Mycenae. There are different versions of her story, which was used by the Attic dramatists AEschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the "Electra" of Sophocles being one of his most famous plays. It has also furnished a subject for Racine, Alfieri, and Goethe among the moderns.