Electrical Eel. See Electric Fishes.
Electrotyping Electro-Metallurgy,. See Galvanism.
Elephmtine, Or Elephantina(Arab. Jeziret el-Sag, "islet of flowers," or Jeziret el-As-swan), an island of the upper Nile, about 1 m. long and 1/2 m. broad, at the foot of the little cataracts, opposite Asswan, the ancient Syene. It is formed of granite covered with a fertile soil. It contains several ancient ruins; among others, the Nilometer mentioned by Strabo, whose upper part was destroyed in 1822, several dilapidated temples, and a gateway, as well as numerous fragments of pottery with Greek inscriptions. In antiquity Elephantin6 or Elephantis was renowned for its fertility. Herodotus regards it as marking the boundary between Egypt and Ethiopia. Elphantine was strongly garrisoned by the Persians as well as Romans. The present inhabitants are Nubians.
Eleutheria (Gr. freedom), among ! the ancient Greeks, a festival commemorative | of deliverance from the armies of Xerxes. It was instituted after the battle of Plata3a (479 B. C), and celebrated annually at that place in the month Maimacterion, nearly corresponding to our September. At the dawn of day a pro-cession marched through the town, at the head of which trumpeters blew the signal for battle. At midday a chariot was driven toward the altar crowned with myrtle and various gar- lands, and leading behind it a black bull. In front of the altar the archon of Plataea immolated the bull to Jupiter and Mercury, eulogized the heroes who had fallen at Plataea, and sprinkled the ground with wine. Every fifth year these solemnities were attended by contests, chaplets being the reward of the victors.
Elhanan Winchester, an American clergyman, born in Brookline, Mass., Sept. 30, 1751, died in Hartford, Conn., April 18, 1797. In 1769 he united with a Separate church in Brookline, began preaching, joined the open communion Baptists in Canterbury, Conn., in 1770, and in 1771 was ordained pastor of a church in Rehoboth, Mass. He soon became a restricted communionist, was excommunicated by his church, and in 1780 became pastor of the first Baptist church in Philadelphia. Next avowing his belief in the final restoration of the wicked to holiness, he founded with most of his congregation a new church. From 1787 to 1794 he preached his new doctrine in England, and published several works there on the subject. His publications include more than 40 volumes.
Eli, judge of the Hebrews immediately before Samuel. He was of the race of Aaron, and officiated as high priest and judge during 40 years; yet he lacked the power to discipline his own family, and a train of woes befell him and his house during the latter years of his life. His piety was exemplary, but his inefficiency was a source of many calamities. After a disastrous battle with the Philistines (about 1110 B. C), in which his two sons were slain and the ark of the Lord was captured, Eli, on hearing the last news, fell back from his chair and broke his neck, at the age of 98.