Ferencz Kolcsey

Ferencz Kolcsey, a Hungarian author, born in the county of Middle Szolnok, Aug. 8, 1790, died in Pesth, Aug. 24, 1838. He studied at the Protestant college of Debreczin, and, though deprived by an accident of one of his eyes, early distinguished himself. In 1809 he was appointed notary of the royal court at Pesth, and in 1826, with Paul Szemere, started a literary periodical under the title of Elet es literatura ("Life and Literature"). In the diet of Presburg of 1832-6 he acquired new fame, and when Wesselenyi was arraigned for treason by the Austrian government, Kol-csey undertook his defence, but died suddenly soon after. His " Works," embracing songs, ballads, satires, short novels, critical writings, and some of his orations, were collected after his death, to which was added after the outbreak of the revolution of 1848 his "Diary during the Diet of 1832-'6."

Fernand Papillox

Fernand Papillox, a French physiologist, born in Belfort in 1847, died in Paris, Jan. 2, 1874. He studied at the lyceum in Colmar and at the college de France, attracting much attention by the ability displayed in his chemical work. In 1864 he became attached to the staff of the Moniteur scientifique, and from that time was a frequent contributor to scientific periodicals. Several of his essays were also published in the Revue des Deux Mondes. His original investigations were chiefly in chemical physiology, but he also wrote on partly, metaphysical topics. His principal writings have been translated into English and published in a volume entitled " Nature and Life " (New York, 1875).

Fernando De Alva Ixtlilxochitl

Fernando De Alva Ixtlilxochitl, an Indian historian, descended in a direct line from the kings of Tezcuco in Mexico, born about 1568, died about 1648. He was interpreter of the native languages to the viceroys of Mexico, and assiduously collected the ancient MSS. and traditions of his country, which he embodied in a series of memoirs or "Relations." His most important work is a "History of the Chiche-mecas," which, with most of his other writings, was first printed from the MSS. in Mexico by Lord Kingsborough ("Mexican Antiquities," vol. 1x.). His works evince a disposition to overestimate the power and policy of the Tez-cucan kings, hut are nevertheless interesting, and on the whole trustworthy.

Fernando De Herrera

Fernando De Herrera, a Spanish poet, born in Seville in 1534, died in 1597. Although he was an ecclesiastic, many of his verses are amatory effusions addressed to a lady, said to have been the countess of Gelves, whom he celebrates under the names of Estella, Eliodo-ra, and Aglae. He was a friend of Cervantes and of the painter Pacheco. His best poems are mostly sonnets, odes, and elegies. An edition of his works was published at Seville in 1582. His principal prose works are Rela-cion de la guerra de Chipre y suceso de la batalla de Lepanto (Seville, 1572), and Vida y mnerte de Tomas Moro (1592).