Francis Lacombe

Francis Lacombe, a French author, born in Toulouse in 1817, died at Arcachon, Sept. 5, 1867. He was in 1848 politico-economical editor of the Assemblee nationale, and fought a duel with Charles Blanc, who had challenged him for writing against his brother Louis. A five-franc piece in his pocket saved his life. His principal works are: Be l'organisation generate du travail (1848, and many new editions); Histoire de la bourgeoisie de Paris (4 vols., 1851-'2); Histoire de la monarchie en Europe (4 vols., 1853-'5); and Histoire de la papaute (2 vols., 1867, unfinished).

Francis Maseres

Francis Maseres, commonly called Baron Maseres, an English mathematician, born in London, Dec. 15, 1731, died at Reigate, May 19, 1824. He was educated at Cambridge, studied law, and after a few years' practice was appointed attorney general for Canada, and resided in Quebec till 1773. After his return to England he recommended conciliatory measures with the American colonies, and was appointed to the sinecure office of cursitor baron of the exchequer. He wrote "The Elements of Plane Trigonometry" (1750); a treatise against the abuse of the negative sign in algebra (1758); a learned treatise on "Life Annuities"(1783); and numerous papers in the "Philosophical Transactions;' He also published Scriptores Logarithmici (6 vols., 1791-1807). and Scriptores Optici (1823).

Francis Ponsard

Francis Ponsard, a French dramatist, born in Vienne, June 1, 1814, died at Passy, Paris, July 13, 1867. He studied and practised law, and early translated Byron's "Manfred" into French verse, and also published original poems. His tragedy Lucrece, rejected by Rachel and the Theatre Francais, was performed in 1843 at the Od6on, and made him famous as a restorer of classical dramatic art. His Agnes de Meranie (1846), Charlotte Corday (1850), and other pieces, were less adapted for the stage. Immediately after the coup d'etat of Dec. 2, 1851, he accepted the office of librarian to the senate, for which he was taunted by Taxile Delord, with whom he consequently fought a duel. To show that he had not been prompted by mercenary motives, he wrote the comedy VHonneur et Vargent, which was highly successful. He was admitted to the academy in 1855. His CEwcres completes appeared in 1866, in 2 vols., and his Galatee in 1867. A monument was erected to him in 1869.

Francis Rawdon Chesney

Francis Rawdon Chesney, a British soldier, pioneer of the overland route to India, born at Ballyrea, Ireland, in 1789, died Jan. 30, 1872. He entered the army in 1805, became captain in 1815, projected and conducted the Euphrates expedition in 1835-'6, and was brigadier general of artillery in China in 1843-'7, and in the south of Ireland 1848-52. He became major general in 1855 and a full general in 1868. He wrote "Expedition for the Survey of the Euphrates and Tigris" (1860), "Observations on the Past and Present State of Firearms" (1852), "Russo-Turkish Campaigns of 1828-'9" (1854), and "Narrative of the Euphrates Expedition" (1868).