Francesco Vanni

Francesco Vanni, an Italian painter, born in Siena about 1565, died there, Oct. 25,1609. He brought himself into general notice by a picture of St. Peter rebuking Simon Magus, for which he was knighted by Pope Clement VIII.; and thenceforth he lived at Siena, where his best works are still to be found. His style resembles that of Federigo Baroccio.

Francesco Zuccarelli

Francesco Zuccarelli, an Italian painter, born at Pitigliano, near Florence, in 1702, died in Florence in 1788. He settled in Venice, excelled in landscapes, and in 1752 was invited to England, where he stood at the head of the profession in landscape, and was one of the original members of the royal academy. He returned to Florence in 1773.

Francis Danby

Francis Danby, a British painter, born in Wexford, Ireland, Nov. 16, 1793, died probably at Exmouth, England, Feb. 17, 1861. Among the best known of his early pictures are "Christ Walking on the Sea," "The Embarkation of Cleopatra on the Cydnus to meet Mark Antony," "The Opening of the Seventh Seal," etc. His later works are more familiar to the general public through the medium of the illustrated art journals. Such are the "Ship on Fire," "Departure of Ulysses from Ithaca," and "Caius Marius among the Ruins of Carthage." Two of his sons have also acquired some distinction as painters.

Francis De Sales

See Francis de Sales.

Francis Douce

Francis Douce, an English antiquary, born in 1762, died in London, March 30, 1834. He collected a great number of rare books, prints, medals, coins, etc, the most important of which he bequeathed at his death to the Bodleian library. He gave his papers to the British museum, on condition that the box which contained them should not be opened until the year 1900. He contributed some papers to the "Archaeologia" and to the "Gentleman's Magazine," and was the author of "Illustrations of Shakespeare and Ancient Manners" (2 vols. 8vo, London, 1807), and a "Dissertation on the Dance of Death" (London, 1834).

Francis Egerton

Francis Egerton. See Bridgewater.

Francis Egerton Bridgewater

Francis Egerton Bridgewater, second and last dukq of, an English nobleman, born in 1736, died March 8, 1803. He is chiefly known for having opened the first navigable canal in England, from his coal mines of Worsley to Manchester, which was subsequently extended to connect the Trent and Mersey. This canal, which was wholly constructed by the duke, not only largely increased his revenue from the mines, but reduced the price of coal at Manchester 50 per cent. (See Brindley, James).

Francis Grose

Francis Grose, an English antiquary, born at Greenford, Middlesex, in 1731, died in Dublin, May 6, 1791. His first work, "Views of Antiquities in England and Wales," came out in numbers, and was completed in 1787. In 1789 he went to Scotland to illustrate the antiquities of that kingdom. The first number of his work on this subject appeared in 1790. While in Scotland he became acquainted with Burns, who celebrated his convivial qualities in two ballads. Grose had few qualifications for an antiquary, but produced a number of works besides those above mentioned, the chief of which are : " Guide to Health, Beauty, Riches, and Honor" (London, 1783); "Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue" (1785); "Treatise on Ancient Armor and Weapons" (4to, 1785, to which he added a supplement in 1789); "Provincial Glossary" (1787); "Military Antiquities" (2 vols. 4to, 1786-'8); "Rules for Drawing Caricatures " (1788).