Franz Ludwig Karl Friedrich Passow

Franz Ludwig Karl Friedrich Passow, a German philologist, born in Ludwigslust, Sept. 20, 1786, died in Breslau, March 11, 1833. He studied theology and philology at Leipsic, in 1807 became professor of Greek in the gymnasium at Weimar, and in 1815 professor of ancient literature in the university of Breslau. His most important work is the " Dictionary of the Greek Language" (4th ed., Leipsic, 1831).

Franz Ludwig Marie August Haxthausen

Franz Ludwig Marie August Haxthausen, baron, a German author, born near Paderborn, Feb. 3, 1792, died in Hanover, Dec. 31, 1866. He was a wealthy land owner, served in the army, studied at Gottingen, and travelled extensively, especially in Russia. His works include Die Agrarverfassung und ihre Conflicte (Berlin, 1820); Die Iandliche Verfassung der Provinz Preussen (Konigsberg, i838); Stu-dien uber die innern Zustande, das Volksleben und insbesondere die Iandlichen Einrichtungen Russlands (3 vols., Hanover, 1847-52), a book which attracted great attention in Russia; Transkaukasia (2 vols., Leipsic, 1856); Das constitutionelle Princip (French and German, 2 vols., 1865); and Die Iandliche Verfassung Russlands (1866).

Franz Marias Von Babo

Franz Marias von Babo, a German dramatist, born at Ehrenbreitstein, Jan. 14, 1756, died in Munich, Feb. 5, 1822. His Otto von Wittels-oach is, next to Goethe's Goetz von Berlichin-gen, the best German historical tragedy. His dramas have been collected in two volumes. (Berlin, 1793-1804).

Franz Porbus

Franz Porbus, the younger, a Flemish painter, born in Antwerp in 1570, died in Paris in 1622. He was a grandson of the painter and geographer Pieter Porbus, and a son of Franz Porbus the elder. lie early settled in Paris. His most celebrated works are " The Last Supper," in the Louvre, and -his portraits of the royal family. Portraits of Henry IV. and Maria de' Medici, attributed to him, were bequeathed to the Louvre in 1875.

Franz Unger

Franz Unger, a German palaeontologist, born in Styria in 1800, died in Gratz, Feb. 13, 1870. He took his medical degree in Vienna in 1827, and practised as a physician till 1836, when he became professor of botany at Gratz, whence he removed in 1850 to the university of Vienna. His most noteworthy publications are Anatomie und Physiologie der Pfianzen (1855); Botanische Streifzüge auf dem Gebiete der Culturgeschichte (1857 et seg.); Geologie der europdischen Waldbäume (1869 et seq.); and Ueber Lieschkolben der Vorwelt (1870). His life has been written by Reyer (Gratz, 1871).

Franz Von Holtzendorff

Franz Von Holtzendorff, a German jurisconsult, born at Vietmannsdorf, Prussia, Oct. 14, 1829. He studied law at Berlin, Heidelberg, and Bonn, was appointed in 1861 professor at Berlin, and in 1867 became a member of the North German parliament. Since 1861 he has edited the Allgemeine deutsche Strafrechtszei-tung, since 1866 in conjunction with Virchow the Sammlung gemeinverstandlicher wissen-schaftliclier Vortrage, and since 1871 the Jahr-buch fur Gesetzgebung, Verwaltung and Rechts-pflege des Deutschen Reichs. His most prominent works are: Die Reform der Staatsan-waltschaft in Deutschland (Berlin, 1864); Kri-tische Untersuchungen uber die Grundsatze und Ergebnisse des irisclien Strafvollzugs (1865); Die Principien der Politik (1869); Encyklopadie der Rechtswissenschaft (1870 et seq.); and Handbuch des deutschen Strafrechts (1874 et seq.). He is the founder of several philanthropical societies, and an active promoter of public education.