Franz Von Kobell

Franz Von Kobell, a German mineralogist, born in Munich, July 19,1803. He is professor of mineralogy at Munich, and has popularized that science by a series of publications which have passed through many editions, including a complete history of mineralogy from 1650 to 1860, to form part of the Geschichte der Wis-senchaften in Deutschland (1864), an elaborate work which was undertaken under the auspices of the late king Maximilian of Bavaria. He has also published several volumes of dialect poems, which have acquired great popularity. - Several of his ancestors and relatives in Germany and Holland were distinguished artists.

Franz Von Miklosich

Franz Von Miklosich, a Slavic philologist, born at Luttenberg, Styria, Nov. 20, 1813. He studied philosophy and jurisprudence at Gratz, and became a teacher in 1837. He was a member of the Austrian parliament in 1848-'9, and afterward became Slavic professor in the high school of Vienna. In 1862 he was made a life member of the Reichstag. lie has published Radices Lingual Palaoslovenicm (Leipsic, 1845); Lexicon Lingvae, Palmoslove-nicm (Vienna, 1850; 2d ed., 1865); Formen-lehre dcr altslowenischen Sprache and Laut-lehre der altdowenischen Sprache (1850); Ver-gleichende Orammatik der slawischen Spra-chen (1852-'71) which is his principal work; Chrestomathia Palaeoslorenica (1854 and 1861); Die slawischen Elemente im Neugriechischen (1870); and Beitrage zur Kenntniss der slawi-schen Volkspoesie, including Die Volksepik der Kroaten (1870) and Albanische Forschungen (3 parts, 1871). With J. Muller he edited Acta et Diplomata Grceca Medii Aevi (3 vols., 1860 et seq.).

Franz Xaver Winterhalter

Franz Xaver Winterhalter, a German painter, born at Mengenschwand, Baden, April 20, 1806, died in July, 1873. He studied engraving at Freiburg and painting at Munich. In 1828 he became known at Carlsruhe by his portraits of the grand duke and grand duchess of Baden. After perfecting his art in Italy, he settled in 1834 in Paris, where he spent most of his life. He was the most fashionable portrait painter of his day. Many of his pieces have been engraved. Among the best known are Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, and the prince of Wales, a group of the same family at Windsor castle, and one of the empress Eugenie and eight ladies of her court at St. Cloud. His other productions comprise "Dolce far niente," " The Decaruerone," " Neapolitan Women," " The Girl of Ariccia," "The Siesta," and (one of the finest of them all) " Roderick the Goth seeing Florinda for the First Time".

Franz Xaver Yon Baader

Franz Xaver Yon Baader, a German mystic, born in Munich, March 27, 1765, died there, May 23, 1841. After extensive studies he was appointed by the Bavarian government inspector general of mines, and in 1820 he became professor of philosophy and speculative theology at the newly established university of Munich. He was a devoted follower of Bohme, whose mysticism predominated in his philosophical theories and in his devout interpretation of Roman Catholic theology. He wrote on the natural sciences and technology, but his principal writings are metaphysical. In his Fermenta Cognitionis he extols Bohme as the greatest of thinkers. His chief disciple, Franz Hoffmann of Wurzburg, has endeavored to reduce Baader's mystic aphorisms to a system, and has edited his complete philosophical works (16 vols., Leipsic, 1850-'60).