Frey Antonio De La Calancha

Frey Antonio De La Calancha, a Peruvian writer, born at Chuquisaca toward the end of the 16th century, died near the middle of the 17th. He was a member of an Augustinian convent at Lima, and in 1619 prior of his order at Trux-illo. He wrote a book on Peru, which was published at Barcelona in 1639, under the title of Cronica moralizada del orden de San Au-gustin en el Peru. In 1653 an abridged French edition of this work appeared at Toulouse, under the title of Histoire de VEglise du Perou.

Fricdrieh Lndwig Zacharias Werner

Fricdrieh Lndwig Zacharias Werner, a German dramatist, born in Konigsberg, Nov. 18, 1768, died in Vienna, Jan. 18, 1823. He studied under Kant, held a civil office in Warsaw, and relinquished one in Berlin in order to travel. He met Goethe at Weimar and Mme. de Stael at Coppet, joined the Catholic church at Rome in 1811, and became a priest in Vienna. His Der vierundzwanzigste Februar (translated into French by Jules Lacroix, Paris, 1849), thus entitled because his mother and an intimate friend died on that day, introduced the era of the so-called tragedies of fate. Several of his dramatic poems were designed to evangelize freemasonry; most of them have been collected in 6 vols. (Vienna, 1817-18), and his complete works, including sacred poems and sermons, in 14 vols., with his biography by Schütz (Grimma, 1839-'41).

Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg

Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg, a German philosopher, born at Eutin, near Ltibeck, Nov. 30, 1802, died in Berlin, Jan. 24,1872. In 1826 he graduated in Berlin, where he was private tutor till 1833, and subsequently professor at the university, of which he was three times rector. He was also for over 20 years secretary to the historico-philosophical section of the Berlin academy. He was a follower of Aristotle and an opponent of Hegel. His works include Ele-menta Logices Aristotelicoz (Berlin, 1837; 6th ed., 1868); Logische Untersuchungen (1840; 3d ed., 1870); Geschichte der Kategorienlehre (1846); Historische Beitrage zur Philosophic (2d and 3d vols., 1856-'67); Naturrecht auf dem Grunde der Ethik (1860; 2d ed., 1868);-Lucken im Volkerrecht (1870); Kuno Fischer und sein Kant (1869), which led to Fischer's Anti-Trendelenburg (1870); and Kleine Schrif-ten (2 vols., 1871). - See Bonitz, Zur Erinne-rung an Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg (Berlin, 1872).

Friedrich Adolf Wilhelm Diesterweg

Friedrich Adolf Wilhelm Diesterweg, a German teacher and writer on education, born at Siegen, Oct. 29, 1790, died in Berlin, July 7, 1866. He studied at the academy of Herborn and the university of Tubingen, and subsequently taught in various normal and Latin schools till 1832, when he was appointed director of the seminary for teachers of city schools in Berlin. He retired in 1850. He is the author of numerous text books on mathematics and geography, and of several manuals for teachers, which have passed through many editions. He advocated the theories of Rousseau, Pestalozzi, and modern liberalism in general, and was constantly engaged in polemics on school reform, which he published in his Pada-gogisches Jahrouch (Berlin, 1851-'65), and other periodicals. His biography has been written by Langenberg (3 vols., Berlin, 1867-8).